Total Physical Response Method And Spanish

1404 words - 6 pages

Total Physical Response Method and Spanish

Teaching strategies of a foreign language class have evolved from a long history of useless methods that do not fulfill the goal of language acquisition. The main goal of a foreign language class in terms of the New Jersey Core Curriculum Standards is that the students be able to communicate using the foreign language. Communication refers to the student’s ability to converse with a native speaker of the language that has been studied. In the past, it was assumed that students must first learn the rules of grammar and then use those rules to construct sentences and communicate, but there have been several linguistic theories that have refuted this methodology.

Researchers such as Chomsky and Krashen have presented theories that explain that as adults we learn language the same way a child does when they are first born, through input from another person that speaks the language (i.e. our parents). We do not learn grammar rules when we begin to talk, nonetheless we still learn the language; therefore it is the same when we are adults learning a second language. In applying this to a language classroom; an important duty of the teacher then, is to provide instruction in the target language (Spanish in my case). This input only turns into acquisition when it is comprehensible, interesting, a little beyond their current competence level, and not grammatically sequenced, but understandable through their background knowledge, their use of context, and other extra linguistic cues such as gestures according to Krashen’s input hypothesis (Gilsan and Shrum 3). Once students acquire the language, they are then able to communicate with the language according to Krashen’s acquisition-learning hypothesis (Gilsan and Shrum 3).

The traditional way of teaching a language, through memorization, repetition and focus on grammar, is done with the left brain and puts emphasis on correctness of the language (pronunciation, accent, proper forms of verbs etc.) Where acquiring the language involves the right brain and does not focus on correctness, but rather on the playful aspect of the language encouraging an individual to take a chance and enjoy the new language (Asher). Again referring to Krashen’s hypotheses he states in his affective filter hypothesis that language learning must take place in an environment where learners are “off the defensive” and anxiety is low in order for the input to be noticed and gain (Gilsan Shrum). This is especially important for beginners in the language setting because if the focus is on the correctness of the language, then they will stray away from participating in the classroom activities and communication, thus not meeting the New Jersey Core Curriculum standards.

With acquisition as the main focus in second language learning, Total Physical Response (TPR) was developed in 1974, and continues to be used in the language classroom. It was developed by Asher and...

Find Another Essay On Total Physical Response Method and Spanish

Semiautobiographical Work- Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza by Gloria Anzaldúa

1559 words - 6 pages Every writer has the ability to make their writing remarkable, beautiful, and complex by using elements like genre, discourse, and code. Borderlands/ La Frontera: The New Mestiza is a semi-autobiographical work by Gloria Anzaldúa. She examines the relations of her lands, languages, and herself overall. She defines the borders she has around herself in the preface of the book: “The actual physical borderland that I’m dealing with in this book is

11-M: March 11, 2004 Madrid Train Bombings

2377 words - 10 pages Spain withdrew their troops from Iraq. Spain supported OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM with over 1,400 troops and by the end of May 2004, all the Spanish troops left the country (BBC, 2004). Immediately after the last withdrawal of Spanish troops, Shia Militants in Najaf released Spanish journalist Fran Sevilla in a good faith response from Al-Qaeda affiliates. The decision, although criticized by the global community, was fueled due to the myriad of

Speaking Spanish in the USA

1792 words - 7 pages As a child, I had to navigate from an English speaking classroom to a Spanish speaking home. From eight in the morning I was given instruction in English by my professors at school. After three in the afternoon at home I engaged in Spanish conversation with my mother, father, and siblings. When the summer vacation came around, it was back to speaking Spanish only, and then I regained the Mexican accent that had faded away during

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680

1032 words - 4 pages house with the intent of killing him and rescuing the prisoners. The governor agreed to free the prisoners in order to save his own life. The Spanish military could produce no quick response to the Pueblo act. (Garner, 69-70). The Spanish had lead by fear for decades, but after this event, the Spanish military gave no demonstration of power to instill fear in the Indians. "Fear was certainly instrumental in inducing the Indians to submit not only to

Broken Spears Aztecs

750 words - 3 pages a human sacrifice, which the Spanish seen as a disgusting act, and caused the Spanish to develop hatred for the Aztecs. These many gifts and festivities showed the Spanish that they had total control over the people of the Aztecs. For example one of the turning events during the Spanish conquest was the massacre in the main temple during the fiesta Toxcatl. It started when the Aztecs begged their king to hold festivities in honor of the god

Annotated Bibliography

1674 words - 7 pages Introduction: The linguistics resources included in this annotated bibliography pertain to two languages, English and Spanish, and are suitable for teachers in the K-12 setting, though not strictly limited to the K-12 level. I chose to solely focus on Spanish as the home language of students for several reasons. First, it is one of the prominent home languages in central Ohio but more importantly, after English, Spanish is the most widely

The Pueblo Revolt

1762 words - 8 pages had that much more firepower making the numbers the Pueblos had almost irrelevant. Along with destroying the churches the Pueblo people killed and mutilated the bodies of the friars as a sign that they were done with the Spanish religion (Etulain 2002 Pgs. 29-41). There were a total of thirty three friars that came to New Mexico and out of all those twenty one were killed in the revolt (Roberts 2006). During the rebellion the Natives had the

The Spanish Armada

749 words - 3 pages in danger of total defeat and made a fateful decision to call off the invasion and return to Spain via the North of Scotland and Ireland. For three days the English fleet pursued the Spanish into the North Sea then returned to England when they ran out of ammunition. The Spanish fleet fared disastrously rounding the coast of Scotland. Many Spanish ships were wrecked by storms off the coast of Scotland and Ireland and the surviving Spanish ships

How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of

1343 words - 5 pages zone as well as densely populated coastal regions along the 197 km coastline. In the 19th century it suffered from rural depopulation. With the French sector containing the area where the Pyrenees are located, this can separate the Basques from France and unite the Basques together as a whole group, using the Pyrenees as a defence method. As the Basques have a language of their own different from that of Spain and France this

Religion Played an Integral Role in the Development and Culture of European Colonialism in the New World

1933 words - 8 pages Catholicism. The Spanish colonists were especially determined to establish missions and convert Indians in their territories as a response to the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile seeking to “transform their own pluralistic societies into a purely Christian kingdom (Butler 28). The Spanish were also heavily influenced by religion due to the Crusades in the Old World as well being motivated by “gold, God, and glory” for voyaging into the New World. The role

International Trade --- Import Cosmetics from U.S to Spain

5205 words - 21 pages under thefollowing Harmonized Codes:1. Market Overview:The table below shows the Spanish cosmetic market statistics between 1998 and2000, including local production, imports/exports, U.S. imports and total market, inUSD million.*Source: Spanish Cosmetic, Toiletry and Perfumery Association and Spanish CustomsPlease note that due to the exchange rate used, the real growth of the market isnot shown in the table. Local production increased 8% in 1999

Similar Essays

How Do Teachers Apply The Second Language Acquisition Approaches?

938 words - 4 pages of lists of isolated words. These characteristics were clearly observed in the first class in which most of the time the teacher translated, also a list of vocabulary and some structures were taught by repetition and mimic, combining this with the Total Physical Response method, its main developer Asher (2009) considers that memory is enhanced through association with physical movements. On the other hand, the second class, the predominant

The United States And Spanish America Since Independence

1552 words - 6 pages the industrialised nations was in effect the cause of underdevelopment in the less wealthy nations. In particular, Spanish America, in response to demand from industrialising nations, became a major supplier of raw goods such as beef, wool, coffee, fruit, and minerals. This was encouraged by investment from industrialising nations in the infrastructure of Spanish America. For example, between 1870 and 1913, the value of Britain’s investments

The Origins Of The Spanish Flu Of 1918

2574 words - 10 pages lymphatic system. (National Geographic Society) Like the Spanish Flu, From the given information about each disease and it’s respective historical significance and effects, it is obvious that all three of these diseases are incredibly deadly. When comparing the affects of these three diseases, interesting commonalities appear. All three of three diseases happen to evade the immune system’s response by incapacitating it or, in the case of the

The Spanish Armada: Float Or Flop

1044 words - 5 pages leaders and Queen Elizabeth of England. But, the number one reason for the Armada’s assembly was when Sir Francis Drake attacked Spain with the powerful English navy, under orders of Queen Elizabeth. As a plan to avenge the deaths caused by Drake’s assault on Spain, the Spanish king then assembled a fleet numbering, according to Wenxi Liu “138 ships from Spain and different Habsburg dominions, weighing a total of 58,000 tons, carrying