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Total Quality Management: The Purpose Of This Paper Is To Define Total Quality Management (Tqm).

880 words - 4 pages

Included will be a description of the impact of globalization on quality. Also, compare and contrast traditional management styles with quality focused management styles. Additionally, explain how TQM applies to the organization I am currently part of the management team.The website isixsigma.com a TQM/Lean periodical (isixsigma.com) defines Total Quality Management or TQM as: "A management philosophy that seeks to integrate all organizational functions (marketing, finance, design, engineering, and production, customer service, etc.) to focus on meeting customer needs and organizational objectives".TQM views an organization as a collection of processes. It maintains that organizations must strive to continuously improve these processes by incorporating the knowledge and experiences of workers. The simple objective of TQM is "Do the right things, right the first time, every time". TQM is infinitely variable and adaptable. Although originally applied to manufacturing operations, and for a number of years only used in that area, TQM is now becoming recognized as a generic management tool, just as applicable in service and public sector organizations.TQM is mainly concerned with continuous improvement in all work, from high level strategic planning and decision-making, to detailed execution of work elements on the shop floor. It stems from the belief that mistakes can be avoided and defects can be prevented. It leads to continuously improving results, in all aspects of work, as a result of continuously improving capabilities, people, processes, technology and machine capabilities.Continuous improvement must deal not only with improving results, but more importantly with improving capabilities to produce better results in the future. The five major areas of focus for capability improvement are demand generation, supply generation, technology, operations and people capability.A central principle of TQM is that mistakes may be made by people, but most of them are caused, or at least permitted, by faulty systems and processes. This means that the root cause of such mistakes can be identified and eliminated, and repetition can be prevented by changing the process. There are three major (isixsigma.com) mechanisms of prevention:1. Preventing mistakes (defects) from occurring (Mistake - proofing or Poka-Yoke).2. Where mistakes can't be absolutely prevented, detecting them early to prevent them being passed down the value added chain (Inspection at source or by the next operation).3. Where mistakes recur, stopping production until the process can be corrected, to prevent the production of more defects. (Stop in time).The impact of globalization on quality really began after the end of WWII, when most of Europe and Asia's' manufacturing capabilities were in ruins. The American manufacturing sector which was less impacted by the war could now focus on what ever civilians demanded at the time. The manufactures could sell...

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