This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Total War Essay

1998 words - 8 pages

“[B]oth sides had seen, in a sad scrawl of broken earth and murdered men, the answer to the question….Neither race had won, nor could win, the War. The War had won, and would go on winning.”1 These are the words of Edmund Blunden, a British soldier who survived the Battle of the Somme, who came to the realization that nobody could claim victory in the twentieth-century mass warfare, because both winners and losers paid a high price. The new type of warfare launched in the twentieth-century had a great impact on the modern world that went beyond the immediate cost of casualties.2 The psychological, social, economic and technological effect these wars had on those who survived earned this type of conflict a new name: total war, which encompassed all aspects of life. Before 1914, Western society believed in progress, peace, prosperity, reason, and the rights of the individual. During that time, people believed in the Enlightenment, and industrial developments and scientific breakthroughs were a daily reality apparent in the rising standard of living. But World War I crushed all hopes and dreams. It plunged society in an age of anxiety and uncertainty in almost every area of human life. The social impact of total war was also profound. The role of women changed dramatically as the war greatly expanded their activities and changed attitudes towards them. This change was brought about by the total national readjustment and the mobilization of the home front. In order to wage unrestrained warfare, belligerents had to intervene in the economies, diverting production from peacetime goods to the manufacture of munitions and military equipment. Technological advances also took place, which increased the number of “mechanical contrivances”3 such as heavy artilleries, tanks, submarines, and airplanes, which made war an “untrammeled, absolute manifestation of violence”4 as Carl von Causewitz so eloquently put it.
     Total war marked the beginning of a revolution in thought and ideas, where turmoil, uncertainty, and pessimism replaced the cherished values and beliefs of peace, prosperity, and progress. Men and women in the West felt “increasingly adrift in a strange, uncertain and uncontrollable world.”5 In his essay “The Crisis of the Spirit” written in 1919, Paul Valéry, one of France’s most outstanding poets, wrote that Europe “doubted itself profoundly.”6 This is certainly true since the terrible trauma of total war left deep scars in the European “spirit.” 7 The people were so devastated by the war that they lost faith and hope in a brighter future. They did not have the strength or will to believe in themselves anymore. They also doubted that life would ever return to normal, as it had been before the war. The Western society entered an age of darkness and pessimism. Many intellectuals even began to doubt the future of civilization. Increasing numbers of thinkers and writers expressed their somber views about the new reality...

Find Another Essay On total war

The Origins and Causes Of the World's First Total War

2068 words - 8 pages Aguiar PAGE 5 World War I:The Origins and CausesOf the World's First Total WarAdriana AguiarHSRU1000Professor FilipponeApril 20, 2008Although there have been many wars fought throughout history, conquered regions and fallen empires, before the 19th century there was no total war. What is meant by total war is not that it was the entire world fighting each other simultaneously but that all people from a particular country, civilians and

The Effect of Leadership on the Definiton of Total War

2798 words - 12 pages If we define “Total War” as a type of warfare that affects and involves every part of a society, then World War I can be argued to be the first attempt by military and political leaders to engage in such a conflict. Modernity was at Europe’s door thus leading to the inventions and innovations that would allow for war on a scale, and of a scope, that had never before been considered. Yet, it was not the fact that these innovations and

What is total war? discuss with reference to world war one and world war two

1853 words - 7 pages What is "Total War"? Discuss with reference to World War One and World War Two.First of all, what is "Total War"? What do we mean by it and what answer do we expect from this question? Total War is the war that affects all of society- not just armed forces, and that uses all the resources available to be able to win it. It's "the mobilization of the whole society and its resources for the war effort."In most of the countries the first Total War

The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union

1047 words - 5 pages US HistoryI-1010 Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most beloved generals of Civil War. Through his March to the Sea, he became the first general in the nineteenth century to use total war against an opponent. He knew civilian anger was unescapable in wars and decided to not only use the outrage for the best military outcome, but also for the psychological and

What Makes a Total War?

1733 words - 7 pages Frustrating the Collective and Generational War Experience “The generation of 1914” often refers to those who came of age during WWI, and because of the war were robbed of their youth. While this term is a useful expression of a collective experience of universal sacrifice and suffering during the war, the term “generation” fails to recognize the unique experiences of the different genders, races, and classes. Women, soldiers, both officers

Total War in the Twentieth century has proved to be an agency of social division rather than of national integration

1771 words - 7 pages Total War in the Twentieth century has proved to be an agency of social division rather than of national integration.Total War has been described as war which "draws from every political, social, economic and cultural sphere of a nation state" . The first major example of this is the First World War. It is clear that this war changed society and had wide ranging effects on the nations directly involved in the war. However, the extent to which it

Total Quality Management

625 words - 3 pages bringing organizations together with management enabling professionals to improve customer quality. Total Quality Management was developed not long after World War II. The United States occupation force’s was aiding Japan to help them develop quality systems to resolve problems concerning the telephone system. W. Edwards Deming and JM Juran were businessmen who were deeply concerned with the issues occurring in Japan. These businessmen eventually

Total Quality Management

841 words - 3 pages Total Quality Management Paper This paper is about Total Quality Management (TQM). There are several parts to this paper that will now be outlined. First, Total Quality Management will be defined. Second, a description of the impact of globalization on quality will be discussed. Third, traditional management styles will be compared and contrasted with management styles focused on quality. Fourth, an explanation of how TQM should apply to

Total Quality Management Paper

874 words - 3 pages believed that management is responsible to send the message that quality is valued. Deming taught top management how to improve product quality, testing, design and sales. The Japanese asked W, Edward Deming to help the Japanese improve their economy which was torn after the war. Deming helped by implementing principles of total quality management and Japan experienced a dramatic economic growth.In the 1980s, the United States started to see a reduction

Total Quality Management

1192 words - 5 pages Defining total quality management [TQM] involves the overall operational process involving all employees of a company, from the top management personnel to the production personnel developing and distributing the company products, from the internal workings of the company to the external final use of the product. TQM includes management spearheading quality processes and filtration of those processes throughout all management and non-management

Total Quality Management

1007 words - 4 pages Many organizations pride themselves on the quality of their offered products and/or services. Over time, increasing globalization and competition has pressured organizations to modify their competitive strategies and implement strategic quality evaluation techniques, known as total quality management. This paper will explore and define total quality management, discuss the impact of globalization on quality, and compare traditional management

Similar Essays

Total Waste Of Time, Total War: Canada

853 words - 4 pages After the declaring war on Germany, Canada was excited to join Britain on the battlefield. As a result, many Canadians ran to sign up for World War I. They were desperate to prove their existence and capabilities as a nation to Britain. By 1918, the Canadian Government Robert Borden had spent over $1.5 billion and more than 600,000 Canadians had joined the war. Thus, the Canadian Government demonstrated the idea of total war by putting strain on

What Makes A Total War? Essay

1594 words - 7 pages World War I was a total war because it involved many nations, and was fought on multiple fronts where battles engulfed the European landscape and the population. Because of the scale of World War I, nations had to rally all of their resources and began to target civilian populations in order to successfully defeat enemy nations. The scale of the war and rallying of national resources led to a blurring of private and political spaces

Was World War I A Total War?

1076 words - 4 pages Was World War One a total war? Why? Why not? The First World War of 1914-1918, also known as the Great War, was the first total war in history. What began as a European struggle over the balance of power between the triple alliance of France, Britain and Russia on one side and the central powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary on the other, soon became a global conflict that involved the imperial powers of Europe, their colonies and lands such

To What Extent Was World War I A Total War?

1081 words - 5 pages The Great War took place during 1914 to 1918, it was a global war where the world fought the triple Alliance, which was made up of Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy. It was one of the first times in history where every resource and weapon was used against an opposing nation. It completely fulfilled all aspects of a total war, as all civilians, both men and women, were affected by the on-going warfare. Specifically in Britain, where everybody