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Totalitarianism In Brave New World By Aldous Huxley And Nineteen Eighty Four By George Orwell

1430 words - 6 pages

Many people have sought to evaluate the vulnerabilities associated with states and markets that are under totalitarianism, which is a political system in which the state holds total authority over the society. First developed in 1920 by the Italian fascists, and in particular Benito Mussolini, who ruled Italy for over twenty years, totalitarianism embossed the minds of those who lived under it. This system was conceptualized mainly to highlight the similarities between Nazi Germany and other fascist states. There’s one underlying difference that one must understand for one to assess the restrictions that totalitarianism puts on one’s liberty. One should realize that totalitarianism states are states where there is a single party rule, where a dictatorship is type of government in which a single person rules. Aldous Huxley and George Orwell are famous authors who opposed totalitarianism, and through their philosophical ideals, attempted to inform people of the dangers faced by society under this restricting system, where people are inhibited from holding any sort of authority. George Orwell, in 1984, discusses concerns relating to big government and big brother and Aldous Huxley, in Brave New World, discusses predatory markets impinging on our personal freedoms. Through their works, they attempt to question societal beliefs on brute force and physical coercion verses the manipulation of preferences and tastes leading to willing submission. George Orwell and Aldous Huxley each wrote descriptions of dystopias of societies totally under control of ruling cliques who glamorized the idea of dominance and power. Because the author’s differentiating views prompt many opinions, their influence could shine light on this question to the readers, who can all give their own interpretations of who’s more right about the dangers faced by society. Although this is a matter of opinion, one might suggest that total government control is far worse than total market control. Some might say that people should also be more worried about physical coercion as opposed to mental coercion.
Although there are many similarities between George Orwell and Aldous Huxley’s book, there are also many underlying differences, which may answer the question: Is totalitarian states or markets a more worrisome threat to liberty? Big Brother’s World and the Brave New World are ruled by elites of a communist regime where “families” aren’t a focal point of society. In America, where the system of democracy dominates the majority, families are placed at a great emphasis of people’s lives. People value their families a lot in America and will go to extreme lengths, for the most part, to provide for them. Under totalitarianism, however, the state controls every aspect of one’s life. Family relationships, especially, is an aspect that is unfortunately subordinated to the state. In Aldous Huxley’s book, there’s an increased exigency for scientific control, and humans of diverse intelligent...

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