Totalitarianism Of Fascist Italy Essay

1027 words - 5 pages

Although the Fascist state in Italy founded by Benito Mussolini has totalitarian qualities, it is not necessarily a totalitarian government. The government in which Mussolini helped established was relatively dissimilar to the totalitarian model. Where the difference lies is within the premise regarding the idea of the State, which is a centralized district in which its populous is completely subservient. Fascist Italy was different to the fascist principle in creating the principle of a religion state, where the people practically worship the government by implementing a totalitarian type by giving complete control to the dictator, Benito Mussolini. Italian Fascism ...view middle of the document...

Mussolini, because of the totalitarian premise that man needs authority, order, structure, and political power, endeavored to expand his Empire. The doctrine of Fascism longed to establish a “total society” by organizing a quasi-totalitarian realm that addresses all characteristics of society outside the will of the regime.

Totalitarian states perpetuate the notion that it is the epicenter of political control and that it is run much like a corporation, operating at flawless efficiency and denying the rights to people in favor of the State by eliminating unions.

Mussolini was also able to preserve private property and economic classes. He forced the expansion of governmental control to include the entirety of individuals intimate lives under the control of the State (Ebner Lecture 18).

Mussolini’s ascension was helped tremendously by the use of media. He used propaganda to affirm his ideology by creating a positive facade keeping the populous content. It created the perception of Fascism as a religion to be worshipped. It also stigmatized other ideologies. Propaganda is how Mussolini founded the super-nationalist movement that was the beginning of the governmental take over he achieved. He eliminated dissent from the radio and produced only pro-State media that influenced the opinions of the people. Fascism unties the people under the guise of the all as one. They also held heavily organized events to excite the Image of Italian Nationalism.

Where Mussolini uses totalitarianism is through the restoration of society , by use of fear tactics. Mussolini argues that, “war alone brings up to their highest tension all human energies and puts the stamp of nobility upon the peoples have the courage to meet it” (Mussolini 195). Fear tactics are permitted to impress supremacy in all aspects of societal values. The Fascist State forces subservience of the individual to the collective (Ebner Lecture 18). The totalitarian state motion for the public and private spheres to combine, where man works in the interest of the government, which is only possible through fear, “The Fascist State organizes the nation, but it leaves sufficient scope to individuals; it has limited useless or harmful liberties and has preserved those that are essential”...

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