Taking a Tour of Russia
The Russian Federation, known as Russia has a long and very interesting history. It was turned into a Communist country in 1917, and the Soviet Union was formed in 1922. In 1991 the Soviet Union was dissolved. Russia has been filled with war, controversy, and Communism, but under all of the bad things, there is a beautiful country underneath. Russia is filled with many geological beauties, along with man-made structures. Although not one of the most popular countries for tourism in the world, Russia has been making an upswing to become more modernized and gaining a better financial reputation. Russia has a range of different climates, from the bitter cold in Siberia to the semiarid regions toward the middle of the continent.
The first place on our tour around Russia is Kizhi. It is an island in Lake Onega, which is in the Republic of Karelia. The first known structures on the island were churches and basic settlements. The government forced the inhabitants of the island to work in the ore mining industry and in plants that produced iron products (“Kizhi”).
Most of the villages that were around have since disappeared and only very few small settlements remain on the island. Today on the island there is an open-air museum that includes 80 historical structures. The name Kizhi comes from the word kizhat, which means island games. Since at least the 14th century Kizhi has been used as a trade route between the Novgorod Sea and the White Sea. Since the 1200s the area had economical importance. There was a major iron ore-mining project that most of the citizens of the island worked for. Some of the other jobs that had to be fulfilled in order to continue the mining operations were: cutting down forests for wood, burning coal, and ground maintenance. The labor was forced and so the people disobeyed orders and sometimes didn’t even listen to their orders.
The open-air museum was opened up in 1951 and contains many historical structures. Since the museums opening many buildings have even been moved into the museum. Other items in the museum include tool, photographs, and a great assortment of drawings. The museum still conducts scientific studies, and hosts a summer camp for children to learn more about their culture and the history of it (“kazhi”).
The next place on our tour of Russia is the Moscow Kremlin. Referred to as just the Kremlin, it is a historic complex of buildings in the middle of Moscow. The complex has a view of the Maskva River, St. Basil’s Cathedral, Red Square, and Alexander Garden. The complex includes five structures, four are cathedrals and one is the Kremlin Towers. Today, the complex serves as the home to the president of Russian. The name Kremlin means fortress (“Moscow Kremlin”).
People have occupied the area of Kremlin since the 2nd century. In the 11th century, the Slavs controlled the hill that Kremlin is located on. The word Kremlin was first used in 1331. Prince Ivan III had the Kremlin...