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Tourette Syndrome Basics Essay

1502 words - 7 pages

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder represented by unintentional tics and vocalizations. Simple and complex are words that are used to describe the two types of tics. Although the cause of Tourette syndrome has not yet been discovered, existing research believes it is caused from abnormalities in specific regions of the brain. These abnormalities make the nerves communicate with the brain improperly. Many people with Tourette syndrome undergo further neurobehavioral tribulations including lack of concentration; impulsivity and hyperactivity. In other words they can have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They can also obtain similar problems with reading, writing, and any kind of arithmetic. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms such as invasive thoughts and recurring behaviors may occur within themselves. Although many people have to live with Tourette syndrome their whole lives, no medication is required for tic suppression because no kind of impairment has been caused by their tics.

Tourette syndrome is a disorder that is depicted by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations. These spontaneous motor and vocal occurrences are also known as tics. The exact cause of this syndrome has not yet been determined, but most people believe that tics occur from nerves not communicating with the brain properly. The symptoms of Tourette syndrome are usually recognized in the early years of childhood, beginning between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. People from every ethnic group are affected by Tourette syndrome; females are affected about three to four times less than males. Americans are said to undergo the most critical form of Tourette syndrome; in fact, it is estimated at a number of 200,000 Americans. Also, one American out of 100 displays signs of mild and less severe symptoms such as temporary tics of childhood and/or constant motor or vocal tics. Although Tourette syndrome can be a severe condition with some symptoms never ceasing, most people with the disorder encounter the most appalling symptoms during their early teen years, and most of the time improvements occur during the late teen years and continue with them through adulthood (Tourette Syndrome Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment 1).
There are two different types of tics, simple and complex. Sudden, quick, consistent movements that involve muscle groups are simple tics. Eye blinking and further vision abnormalities, facial contortion, head or shoulder jerking and shrugging are considered some of the more general simple tics. Frequent clearing of the throat, sniffing, or grumbling sounds are some of the simple vocalizations that occur. Complex tics are discrete, synchronized arrangements of movements concerning several different muscle groups. Odd facial expressions shared with head jerks and shoulder shrugs are the symptoms of complex motor tics. Additional complex motor tics may actually seem purposeful, including hopping or jumping...

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