This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Tourism Economic Development & Planning Essay

3713 words - 15 pages

Tourism Economic Development & planningAt the end of the 20th century, global tourism activity has been estimated to be worth US$ 3.5 trillion (Sharpley et al, 2002). As the figure shows tourism has had a major impact on the world economy, consequently, it has been adopted by many third world countries striving for development. This idea that tourism is good for the economy has increased the interest in developing, planning, government regulations and policies on tourism.For this essay I will look at tourism planning and development in Indonesia and in greater context the Island of Bali. I will try to use theories to discuss the way tourism is planned, and to see who is actually benefiting from tourism in developing countries. In studying the wide ramifications tourism planning has on the areas and people concerned, it is feasible to analyse its developments to see to what extent tourism has affected the local population.I believe it is important to define the notion of development; I will use the definition from The World Development Report (1991), which defines development as:"Sustainable increase in living standards that encompass material consumption, education, health and environmental protection............more equality of opportunity, political freedom and civil liberties. The overall goal of development is therefore to increase the economic, political and civil rights of all people across gender, ethnic groups, religions, races, regions and countries." (World Development Report 1991:31).In short, it could be said definitions of development today includes a wider range of social and environmental criteria, as well as economic.Tourism in IndonesiaTourism has become one of the leading sectors in Indonesia; the sector has contributed to the local economy in many regions through the expenditure of its national domestic and international tourists. International arrivals in 2001 totalled 5,153,620 which were near 2% increase from the previous year. The total expenditure during that year from international tourist was US$5.7 billion. (www.world-tourism.org). From the figures you could see tourism generates a lot of money for the economy.The national tourism policies as stated in the Ministry Strategic Plan among others are maintaining Indonesia as both international and domestic tourist destinations for multi visitations. The government see tourism as a vehicle for national and regional development as well as improvement of the well being of the locals. Developers of tourism fall into three categories, namely the government, non-governmental organisations (NGO's) and private businesses (includes trans-national companies, local entrepreneurs etc).As a developing country the Indonesian government took a very neo-liberalist approach of demand and supply to tourism development and planning... The 1972 master plan was very much a neo-liberalist approach to development. The Indonesian government actively encourages foreign direct investment...

Find Another Essay On Tourism Economic Development & planning

Rural Tourism Development in Iran Essay

1665 words - 7 pages as possible economic growth, agricultural promotion, and handicraft production (Hall & Page 2006, pp. 241-3). It should be acknowledged that tourism alone cannot satisfy all of villagers’ needs and it should be interconnected with other sectors of economy and planning principles in order to obtain appropriate results for development. This particularly concerns the rural areas in terms of sustainable development. (Eghbali, Nosrat & Alipour 2011, p

The impact of tourism in the economy of Bangladesh - Khulna University - report

5163 words - 21 pages a vital role by giving emphasis on tourism marketing. 1.3 Objectives of the study: Now the objectives of the Study: 1) To identify the impact of tourism in the economy of the country. 2) To recommend necessary suggestions to overcome the problems. 1.4 Scope of the study: Thoroughly investigating all aspects of tourism development and economic growth is extremely important for all concerns (Leea & Chang C. P, 2008). In this perspective, a clear

Tourism Industry

854 words - 3 pages authenticity. Accordingly, the encouragement for rural tourism has become a common policy even in developed countries (Iorio & Corsale, 2010; Sharpley, 2002). The decision makers and managers of rural planning consider tourism to be a priority and a lever for economic and social development. Meanwhile, rural tourism has been recognized as an approach to conserve the natural resources, and to enhance the rural economy and preserve rural life (Garrod

Tourism Planning

681 words - 3 pages The continuing limited involvement of local community and regional government authorities in tourism planning and the development of sustainable tourism approaches given the continued conspicuously absence of documented national development planning policy and fragmented legislation framework of sustainability in Zambia’s national strategies Berrisford (2011). With the role of tourism in economic development been established and recognised in

Report

2120 words - 8 pages 3.2 The current tourism policy of the destination There are several documents, which are related to the tourism policy. For instance: tourism policy 1999 and National Development plans. Tourism is still one of the main and important sectors which are playing significant role in the stimulation of national economic growth, employment and income opportunities for the locals. The mission statement for the tourism sector is to enhance the quality

Medical Tourism

1055 words - 5 pages economic growth, enhance healthcare systems and tackle environmental concerns (All Medical Tourism, n.d.; The Economic Times, 2013). As an example to indicate lucrative profits from medical outsourcing, statistics in 2012 showed that medical tourism generated 3 billion dollars in Singapore and 2.4 billion dollars in India (Global Healthcare Connections INC, n.d.; Lal, 2010). Additionally, the profitability from the medical tourism industry could

Stakeholder Involvement Laos

9135 words - 37 pages co-ordination and collaboration in tourism planning (Hall 1994; 2000; Roberts and Simpson 1999) and there are many different stakeholders who have interests in the tourism planning process (Ladkin and Bertramini 2002). Co-operation and collaboration have become major issues in the tourism planning arena, and they have been linked to the idea of sustainable tourism development (Bramwell and Lane 1999; Hall 2000; Selin 1999; Timothy 1999), and in

Tourism in Nigeria

2057 words - 9 pages tourism planning. Tourism has many linkages with other economic sector in an economy and has varies economic benefits. And a lot of sectors in an economy benefit from tourism, in terms of employment, income generation from wages and salaries, balance of payment and investment and development and on a long run help to determine the success of tourism of any region (Cardoso and Ferreira, 2000; Bhatia, 2002; sharply, 2008; Edgel, 2006). Shaw and William

Tourism as an agent for Development in Bali

2886 words - 12 pages life for Balinese will deteriorate.In short we have seen tourism is widely promoted as a culturally and environmentally soft development option, and Bali has often been held up as a successful example of the accommodation of this modern industry to local material needs and traditional cultural ends. The problem for the industry is that economic expansion tends to overtake planning (Parnwell 1993). McCarthy (1992) has argued that the environmental

Critically analysis Stear's definition of tourism

1045 words - 5 pages indicates tourism is ‘for leisure, business and other purposes’ whereas Stear’s definition specifies tourism as being a certain set of specific activities. In Steer’s definition of Tourism it states that the time spent away is ‘at least one night away’, it is relevant to the planning and development of tourism today. This is shown through various definitions from different authors, for example, Burkart and Medlik states that tourism involves

Tourism Statistical Data

1272 words - 5 pages mentioned surveys) . The key ingredient in almost all touristic sites is originality. Korça County with no doubts has the right potential to offer a unique experience to the tourists. One way to do so is through the local products. If the service sector is locally owned and the local manufacturers produce more craft goods and other products tourists will be exposed to a more traditional culture which is specific to the Korça County. Without the realization of the above actions the planning of a tourism development strategy is difficult and it will detain the economic development of Korça County as well.

Similar Essays

Tourism Is One Of Many Activities In The Coastal Area That Require Planning And Coordinate For Sustainable Tourism Development Of Coastal Destination

1489 words - 6 pages sustainable economic development. Retrieved from http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa03/cdrom/papers/84.pdf Deveaux, E. (n.d.). Integrated Coastal Zone Management has to become a way of life for The Bahamas. Nassau, New Providence, Bahamas. Draft Sustainable Tourism Model. (2013, February 6). Retrieved from http://www.bnt.bs/UserFiles/HTMLEditor/Draft%20STM%20for%20Exuma%20Cays%20as%20at%207%20Feb%202013%20(PDF).pdf Edwards, J. D. (2004

Impacts Of Tourism: Planning And Policy Development Critically Assess The Key Arguments Regarding The Outcomes Of Tourism In Less Developed Societies

2106 words - 8 pages with the public sector governments are choosing to develop and promote their resources in order to attract tourists. For many tourism is seen as a quick and easy solution to combating economic deficiencies (S.Medlik, 1991). This idea that tourism is good for the economy has increased the interest in developing, planning, government regulations and policies on tourism (WTO, 1997). Developers of tourism can fall into three categories, namely the

Instead Of Small Scale Of Tourism, We Need To Develop More Large Resorts. Critically Evaluate This Assertion, Focusing Upon The Role Of Tourism In Economic Development In Your Answer

1330 words - 5 pages view, by analysing the role of government in tourism management, the economic advantage of large tourism resource development and the multiple effects of tourism, to evaluate the significance of developing tourism with large resorts.2 GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENTOne of the most vital differences between large and small-scale tourism is the extent of government participation in tourism management and planning. The economic role

Tourism Industry Essay

2133 words - 9 pages However, without planning, tourism may create unexpected and unwanted impacts. Tourism is also a new type of activities in many countries, especially some developing countries. For countries that do not have much experience to develop tourism, planning can provide the necessary guidance for its development, whereas those countries that already have experience, planning is needed to maintain this sector and enhance its future viability. The