Tourism Has Caused Various Disadvantages For Host People

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This essay will argue that in developing countries the economic and environmental negative impacts caused by tourism outweigh its benefits for local communities.
Firstly, tourism has posed several destructive effects on environmental structure of the host regions where operating activities of tourism take place. Undoubtedly, the constructions of facilities and infrastructures as well as heavy visitation resulted by tourism could partly destroy the environmental sites. According to Archer, Cooper and Ruhanne (2005), the uncontrolled tourism development has adulterated and debased the aesthetic value and uniqueness of the local environment by unsightly hotels and other unplanned constructions of facilities. Being agree with this negative impact, Seviour (2013) shows an example of the long line of high-rise hotels along the Jesolo beach in Italy that offend most of visitors by its mismatch with the natural surroundings. This situation is getting worse in developing countries where the integration between tourism infrastructures and its indigenous environmental structure not have been put into proper consideration. Tourism mismanagement, intentionally or unintentionally, has corrupted the harmony between humans and the environment. Fletcher (1993), however, suggests that tourism has generated greater motivation for host countries to protect and maintain their fragile environments such as forests, beaches and wildlife parks. The creation of the Amboseli National Park, for instance, was considered as the remarkable conservation effort brought by tourism in Kenya. After his research 10 years, unfortunately, this example becomes a weak argument for the positive impacts of tourism when Knox and Marston (2003) point out the Amboseli National Park has been severely damaged due to the high density of safari transports. Thanks to the cheap long distance flights, there has been a significant increase in overseas travelling activities as well as internal transportation in the host countries. Nevertheless, international airlines and ground transportation systems that occupied for the high demand of tourism operations are the reasons for air and noise pollution that badly affect to natural quality of ecologically-fragile zones. High concentrations of carbon monoxide and other harmful pollutants emitted from combustion engines of vehicles are the major environmental burdens for the host regions. Thus, there is always an urgency for careful planning and management of transportation networks in holiday destinations, particularly under-developed countries, where are lack of knowledge and vision about sustainable tourism development. Unsurprisingly, the unconscious travel behaviours of tourists, also, are responsible for the damages on highly sensitive ecological areas. Littering is the typical symptom of poor awareness about environmental fragility of visitors. From every mountain in Great Britain, for example, a ton of scattered rubbish are made up of tourists per...

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