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Tourism Impacts On Environment, Economy And Society

2256 words - 9 pages

As the world changes very fast day by day, people tend to work harder and that leads to their requirements of good services for relaxing afterwards. Tourism starts to grow rapidly from this situation.In tourism, the tourism destination plays a crucial role in satisfying customer demand. The destination, in which attracts them with its "pull" factor the most combining with arrange of support resources - accommodation, amenities, accessibility and the general services as well as beauty spots that are available, will be the winner.Tourism has three impacts - environmental, economic and socio-cultural so it is very tough to control and balance these impacts in order to have an sustainable international tourism development.I.Tourism1.The Tourism SystemThe term "system" is defined as elements that work together. If an element in the system does not work, it leads to the whole failure system.The tourism system comprises of three main elements: People, The Geographical Elements and The Tourism Industry. People here are the tourists and the excursionists. The Geographical Elements include Traveller generating region, Tourist destination region and Transit route region. The Tourism Industry consists a range of businesses and organisations, which involved in delivering the tourism products.2.Definition of TourismThe United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) define tourism as it comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.Three criteria are used simultaneously in order to characterise a trip as belonging to tourism. The displacement must be such that:• It involves a displacement outside the usual environment;• Type of purpose: the travel must occur for any purpose different from being remunerated from within the place visited;• Duration: only a maximal duration is mentioned, not a minimal. Tourism displacement can be with or without an overnight stay.Hunziker and Krapf (1988) defined tourism as people who travel "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity."3.Definition of tourists and excursionistsTourism refers to all activities of visitors, including tourists and excursionists.A tourist is "someone who travels to see something different, and then complains when he finds things are not the same". The tourists are considered the main performer in the tourism system. UNWTO defines tourists as temporary visitors who leave their origin countries. To be described as a tourist, a visitor must complete the criteria to travel at least a hundred miles and stays for a minimum of twenty-four hours.Excursionists are people who create impacts on tourism but they do not fulfill...

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