Tourism's Economic Benefits Are Well Known, But Concern Has Been Rising Over Its Environmental And Social Impacts: Cyprus.

3139 words - 13 pages

Tourism's economic benefits are well known, but concern has been rising over its environmental and social impacts. Using a destination of your choice as a case study, show how these impacts have changed in the past and how policy makers and managers have responded to these changes.Tourism has had a profound and irreversible impact on many destinations worldwide. As the demand to travel to these destinations increases, there is an unrelenting pressure for development in order to satisfy the growth of this pervasive industry. Between 1986 and 1996, revenues from tourism almost tripled and have expanded by over 50% since then, the highest growth rate of any mainstream economic activity. "Today tourism is regarded as an integral part of the society and economy in terms of contribution, and is widely regarded as the world's largest industry." (WTO, 1998)"Tourism is the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs." (Mathieson & Wall, 1982, p.1). It is an important and sensitive industry and a principal element for economic development and growth. The economic impact of tourism has rendered the industry to be considered as one of the most highly significant and integral parts of every national economy.International mass tourism came of age in the islands of the Mediterranean in the decades after the late 1950's. Spain and Italy were among the first to become popular, then in the late 1960's, Greece, Malta, Cyprus and Yugoslavia all began attracting unprecedented numbers of tourists. The Mediterranean has since become a byword for mass tourism in the summer months. Changes in tourism practice and policy around these regions are therefore of significant interest to coastal regions around the world. For this reason this essay will be analyzing the impact of the tourism industry on the island of Cyprus, specifically the Southern region populated by Greek Cypriots.Map of Cyprus- Below the green line is the southern region populated by Greek CypriotsCyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, situated in a prime position for the tourism industry to thrive. "Tourism is arguably the most important industry in Cyprus. Its activities affect Cypriot society in many different ways and impact greatly upon the social, economic and cultural life of the island." (British Council website) These impacts on economic, social and environmental aspects of the country are not solely positive, and it is therefore necessary to study the negative effects that tourism has on these areas.In Cyprus, hospitality forms an integral part of the culture, with the local citizens having a welcoming nature toward all tourists. Such is Cyprus' heritage and strong culture, many tourists who visit, mainly from Britain, enjoy this attitude and are willing to embrace it. In certain areas, such as Ayia Napa,...

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