This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Toward An Understanding Of Major Depressive Disorder

2076 words - 9 pages

Major Depressive Disorder is a chronic, persistent mental illness.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or unipolar depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders seen in primary care but only half of all MDD sufferers seek medical help (Johnson Vanderhoef 109; Myers DeWall 520). NEED A TIE IN SENTENCE
Incidence Prevalence. It is estimated that 5% of the United States (US) population (or approximately 10,000,000 Americans) are impacted by MDD making it the leading cause of disability in the US (Johnson and Vanderhoef 109). Unfortunately, 15% of MDD sufferers will commit suicide (Johnson and Vanderhoef 109). Thus, the importance of understanding MDD its role in mental health is crucial.
Sex. Women are more likely to suffer from MDD than men. In fact, there is “a twofold greater prevalence of major depressive disorder in women than in men” (Kaplan Sadock 528). According to Kaplan Sadock, the reason for this imbalance is due to: (a) hormonal imbalances, (b) childbirth, (c) differing psychosocial stressors, and (d) behavioral models of learned helplessness (529).
Age. Major Depressive Disorder can occur at any age, but the average age of onset is 40 years of age (Kaplan Sadock 529). Johnson and Vanderhoef suggest that many MDD sufferers begin having MDD symptoms between the ages of 20 30 (109). However, according to Kaplan Sadock, MDD can occur both earlier in life (childhood) as well as in old age (529).
Marital Status. According to Kaplan Sadock, MDD occurs “most often in person without close interpersonal relationship or in those who are divorced or separated” (529). This lack of a close personal relationship may be the trigger that exacerbates MDD.
Socioeconomic. Kaplan Sadock suggest that no correlation between socioeconomic status MDD exists (529). Thus, no evidence exists that differing classes suffer from MDD at a higher incidence than others.
Comorbidities. Kaplan Sadock suggest that people suffering from MDD are at a higher risk for additional psychiatric, as well as medical disorders. People who suffer from MDD are at a higher risk, especially men, for substance use disorders (Kaplan Saddock 529).
The etiology of MDD is unknown. It is theorized that complex genetic, biochemical, environmental etiological factors cause MDD. Yet the true cause remains elusive.
Multiple theories from psychological to neurobiological seek to explain MDD. According to Johnson Vanderhoef (2014), suggested theories that explain MDD include: (a) Psychodynamic Theories (Object Loss Theory, Aggression-Turned-Inward Theory, Cognitive Theory, Learned Helplessness-Hopeless Theory), (b) Biological Theories (Genetic Predisposition, Endocrine Dysfunction, Structural Brain Changes, Chronobiological Theory, abnormalities of Neurotransmitter Function). See Appendix A for a brief description of each MDD etiological theory
Pscyhodynamic Theories. Kaplan Sadock suggest that “the psychodynamic understanding of depression defined by Sigmund...

Find Another Essay On Toward an Understanding of Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1187 words - 5 pages Major Depressive Disorder or MDD is a very common clinical condition that affects millions of people every year. According to the Agency for Health Care Policy & Research, “ depression is under diagnosed & untreated by most medical doctors, despite the fact that it can almost always be treated successfully. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV); A person who suffers from this disorder

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

954 words - 4 pages Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder in which you feel sad, discouraged, pessimistic, and at the extreme end of it suicidal. It has been called the “common cold” of psychological disorders because it is the number one reason that people seek mental health services. A study done by the CDC estimated that one out of every ten adults has been depressed at one point or another in their life. Depression can be caused by many things such as

Symptoms and Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder

2103 words - 9 pages What is major depressive disorder? Major depressive disorder is a psychiatric disorder documented in the DSM. Major depressive disorder interferes with an individual's normal functioning in everyday life and causes pain to the person with this disorder and to those close to the person. Individuals with major depressive disorder cannot just "pull themselves out" of this depression on their own and the symptoms accompanied with this disorder can

A Brief Description of Major Depressive Disorder

1577 words - 7 pages external things like an event or situation. If an individual suffering with major depressive disorder is given medicine as treatment, what happens if they run out of the medicine or accidentally skip a day? They aren’t learning practical skills for helping themselves in day-to-day activities of life; they are taking medications that do it for them. CBT provides the individuals with the practical skills that help them recognize and avoid negative

Showing Signs of Major Depressive Disorder

1362 words - 5 pages Showing Signs of Major Depressive Disorder Mrs. M shows some signs of major depressive disorder. Mrs. M has been experiencing intense sadness without any real cause which is causing her to feel overwhelmed and perplexed. The most recent incidence was when a dish fell on the floor and broke which led her to sit on the floor, hit the floor with her fist, and cry. She stopped crying when she became startled at the fact that her hand was

The Serious of Major Depressive Disorder

1137 words - 5 pages Hamlet again. As a result, Ophelia starts to lose confidence and feels alone. And according to Mayo Clinic, one of the major depressive disorder symptoms is “feelings of sadness, emptiness or unhappiness”. So at this point, Ophelia’s emotions become an evident that she is suffering from a major depressive disorder. There are also a few other evident that in the play show that Ophelia are suffering from a major depressive disorder. For example, after

Brain and Mental Illness: Major Depressive Disorder

1781 words - 8 pages (3), 818-825. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2010.10.002 Fritscher, L. (2013). Sertraline: Understanding how zoloft works. Retrieved from Luscher, B. B., Shen, Q. Q., & Sahir, N. N. (2011). The GABAergic deficit hypothesis of major depressive disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 16(4), 383-406. doi:10.1038/mp.2010.120 Wagner , K. D., Ambrosini , P., Rynn , M., Wohlberg , C., Yang , R., Greenbaum, M

Reflection Upon Patients With Major Depressive Disorder

1371 words - 5 pages Depression is a common occurrence in society. That is everyone will experience sadness at some point in time (Barlow and, Durand, 2009). According to Barlow and Durand major depressive disorder is a mental illness that affects individuals suffering with debilitating physical and emotional symptoms that keep them from living a meaningful productive life (Barlow and Durand, 2009). If an individual is living with depression there are many

Does Major Depressive Disorder in Parents Predict Specific Fears and Phobias in Offspring?

1076 words - 4 pages Introduction I chose to analyze this research article which tries to answer if major depressive disorders in parents lead to specific fears and phobias in offspring, because I like psychology and I wanted an article that was related some way to this interest. Before this research two studies were conducted that reported an increased risk of phobias in offspring of parents with major depressive disorder (MDD) when compared to children of

Understanding the Basics of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

978 words - 4 pages According to Molecular Psychiatry 1 out of every 100 people in the United States are currently suffering from OCD. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted diverse obsessions that are then followed by compulsions (Subramaniam, Soh, Vaingankar, Picco, & Chong, 2013). To get a better understanding of what this definition means, it is important to explain what obsessions and compulsions are. Obsessions

An Understanding of Curriculum

2324 words - 9 pages 95066925An Understanding of CurriculumThe term 'curriculum' cannot be defined in a single phrase or with one clear definition. There are many meanings and different terms all offering a definition of curriculum. To clarify, this essay is discussing an educational curriculum which is understood to be "an official document that contains all the necessary information to run an education qualification, program or course" (Schugurensky, 2002, p3).A

Similar Essays

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

566 words - 2 pages "Major Depressive Disorder"DSM-IV 296Presented for Mental Health and IllnessTo Ms. ThurstonBy Vidushi SinghApril 25, 2004"An old clergyman who had recovered from a severe depression later badly scalded his thighs and abdomen. When asked which pain was worse, he said 'I would suffer the scalding a hundred times rather than depression. There is no comparison between the two.' " 1Major Depressive Disorder (depression) is one of the most common and

Major (Unipolar) Depressive Disorder Essay

1549 words - 6 pages this disorder may specifically be, there is a definite indication that the presence of depression is accompanied by an imbalance in neurotransmitters, regardless of the cause of the depressive episode.DiagnosisCATEGORIES:To diagnose major depressive disorder, the many variations have to be considered. Under the classification of this disorder, single episodes to recurrent episodes, chronic duration to partial remission, and differing levels of

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1615 words - 6 pages is accompanied by an imbalance in neurotransmitters, regardless of the cause of the depressive episode (Tolman 76).To diagnose major depressive disorder, the many variations have to be considered. Under the classification of this disorder, single episodes to recurrent episodes, chronic duration to partial remission, and differing levels of severity have to be considered. Additionally, there are specifications of the type of depression a patient

Major Depressive Disorder Essay 1596 Words

1596 words - 7 pages It happens often that individuals believe they are suffering through depression when in reality, they are simply feeling sad. Sadness is caused by an event that is happening in the moment in contrast to MDD (Major depressive disorder), when the individual is suffering through a constant feeling of mixed emotions for a long period of time. MDD is a mood disorder that causes one to feel constantly sad and lonely. It also causes a loss of interest