Many countries have established national initiatives to implement integrated medical information system to improve nation’s healthcare system and to ensure patients with quality and efficiency of health care services, and Malaysia is no exception. According to Ching et al (2012) the rapid changes in the medical environment have greatly accelerated and increased hospitals’ demand for the quality and quantity of information processing.
In Malaysia currently, the Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai has announced that the government hospitals nationwide will be able to serve patients faster by 2015 when medical records are accessible online. The Health Ministry of Malaysia ...view middle of the document...
Hence, the patients will have shorter time and faster diagnosis of illness.
Furthermore, integrated medical information systems are the single entry points into a medical world in which computational tools not only assist with clinical matters (results reporting, order entry, access to transcribed reports, telemedicine applications, and decision support), but also with administrative and financial topics (Admission-Discharge-Transfer, materials management, personnel, payroll), research (outcomes analysis, quality assurance, clinical trials, implementation of pathways and protocols), scholarly information (digital libraries, bibliographic searches, drug information databases), and even office automation (spreadsheets, word processors) (Shortliffe, 1999).
AIM/OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aim of this study is to explore the current states of medical information practices in the Malaysian government hospitals. The objectives of this study are:
i. To identify the existing states of medical information practices in the surveyed agencies
ii. To identify the awareness of Records Managers and IT Personnel on the concept of medical information system
iii. To identify issues and challenges in implementing medical information system in the surveyed agencies
This study adapted the quantitative research method design. According to Abraham (2013) quantitative research is a type of educational research in which the researcher decides what to study; asks specific, narrow questions; collects quantifiable data from participants; analyzes these numbers using statistics; and conducts the inquiry in an unbiased, objective manner. To the researcher, by using quantitative data can explaining phenomena that have specific things in mind by using the right data analysis tools.
In addition, Abraham (2013) says conducting quantitative research involves researcher to emphasis on collecting and analyzing information in the form of numbers, collecting scores that measure distinct attributes of individuals and organizations, comparing groups or relating factors about individuals or groups in experiments, correlation studies, and surveys. Moreover, quantitative research is essentially about collecting numerical data to explain a particular phenomenon, particular questions seem immediately suited to being answered using quantitative methods (Suphat, nd).
In any research, sampling is very important. For instance, who and how many should be interviewed and answers to the questions. For the purpose of this study, purposive sampling was applied to select the respondents. Purposive sampling is a technique where the researcher deliberately selects subjects who belong to a specific group (Holmes, Hazadiah & Habibah, 2005). A purposive sample is a non-probability method of selecting a sample based on selecting respondents because they...