Forensic science has been a significant aspect of the criminal justice system for centuries. With the flourishing determination to develop forensic science throughout the years, advancements have led to the development of many significant sciences, including toxicology. Understanding and studying the adverse effects of chemicals on biological systems has proven to be a necessary force in the criminal justice system. By exploring new theories in toxicology, successes and failures throughout the historical progression of this science has led to incredible strides in crime investigation and a promise for a more proficient future in toxicological studies.
Since the inception of history, forensic science has been fully perused. The development of understanding of science and how it can apply to legal matters has been a necessary force in society and the interest of the criminal justice field. Since the 1950s, the fascinating marriage of science with criminal justice has led to amazing developments in the handling of the age-old burden of crime.
One of the major contributions to the successful progression of forensic science is the commencement of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1950. The goal of this organization was to bring multi-disciplinary professionals together for the purpose of seeking the continued advancement of science for the benefit of the legal system (American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 2010). In doing so, this organization propelled a unique focus on forensic science for the future of criminal justice.
Another major contribution to the advancement of forensic science was the discovery of the Kidd blood grouping system by F. H. Allen and colleagues in 1951. This blood group is a product of a certain gene that has proteins acting as urea transporters (Rudin & Inman, 2002). These proteins affect the kidneys and other antigens in the body and the understanding of this blood grouping system enhanced the knowledge of forensics and toxicology in particular.
Great discoveries did not cease in the 1950s and soon a new accomplishment would generate an even greater desire to increase the awareness and development of forensic science. Paul Leland Kirk, a forensic scientist, published Crime Investigation (Rudin & Inman, 2002). This book served as a guidebook to many criminalists and other forensic scientists. Kirk was able to outline the mastery of forensic science and through his observation of a particular murder case, was able to contribute to the exoneration of a convicted suspect after twelve years of incarceration for the crime.
In 1954, R. F. Borkenstein created the breathalyzer for field testing of sobriety (Rudin & Inman, 2002). By implementing forensic science to develop a way to determine the alcohol content in a person’s breath, this device became an astounding contribution to the criminal justice system.
Developments in the field of forensic science continued to change the face...