This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Trade Unions Before And After Margaret Thatcher

1962 words - 8 pages

In this essay, I will deal with the trade unions in Britain. This essay is especially focused on their background, their conditions before Mrs. Thatcher, under Mrs. Thatcher and after Mrs Thatcher. Through changing ideological, political, and economic conditions, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher also changed the conditions of trade unions. In this essay I will see trade unions background, then their conditions after 1950s till Thatcher, and trade union structure under Thatcher, and then its condition after Thatcher with a conclusion.First of all, the question is: what is trade union? Trade union is an organization in which workers come together in order to do something, to achieve their common goals under this organization. Generally, these goals are working conditions, working hours, wages, andBALKAYA 2/9so on. The trade union enters in an agreement with the employer in the name of union members and discusses labour contracts with employers.When we have a look at trade unions history, it is seen that it was not so powerful in 1860s. In the United Kingdom, Trade unions were first decriminalized under the Royal Commission in 1867. Its establishment aim was to give advantages to both employers and to employees. In the United Kingdom, the Trade Unions movement was just 5% of the working class in 1867. In those years the trade unions were not supported by laws. Also they were uncoordinated. Permanent trade unions were established from the 1850s. In 1860, the London Trades Council was founded in 1860. Then in 1868, The Trades Union Congress (TUC) was established. In 1867, in the United Kingdom the legal status of trade unions was established by Royal Commissions. Unions were legalized in 1871.The early trade unions were not fully supported by laws; they could easily have been crushed. But by 1900, they had legal protection, and they had millions of members. In the early trade unions, the ones who could pay high subscription charges were the skilled workers and the artisans. These early trade unions did not have political agendas. What they wanted was to be respectable. These strategies were not accomplished, but somehow they were developing.In 1940s and 1950s the situation changed. The trade unions in 1940s were respected. Churchill and Conservative relied on worker votes. Trade union leaders in1950s wanted to work with the Conservatives. These leaders were Sir William Lawther, Arthur Deakin, Lincoln Evans and Tom Williamson. They were the Loyal Party loyalists.BALKAYA 3/9Then in 1960s and 1970s, between the years 1961-1979, the income policy became active. What is this policy? This policy is one which is done by the governments. Its aim is to control inflation. Generally there are three ways to apply this policy. First is a limit on how much the wages can be increased, the second one is the encouragement of the private sector not to exceed the limit set on wage increases in the public sector. The third one is instructions by...

Find Another Essay On Trade Unions Before and After Margaret Thatcher

Proficiency of People Before and After War

2007 words - 9 pages Labib Markas Mrs. Bryer English 120 5/27/14 Proficiency of people before and after war The current civilization in most countries across the world has brought with it a number of challenges. The fact that most countries nowadays operate as sovereign states implies that there will always be some instances where these countries will strongly disagree on global issues affecting them (Abidi and Singh 12). As such, whether justified or not, there

Airports Before And After 9/11/01 Essay

531 words - 2 pages Airports Before and After 9/11/01 There have been many points within our history, in which events have changed the way we do certain day-to-day activities. The American Revolution identified Americans and their patriotism, The Civil War showed how Americans chose to live with one another and how they define freedom, and WWI showed how Americans show support towards their allies. September 11th effected all of these things. This tragedy has

Before and After Ciminal Asylum, Hammurabi's Code

1582 words - 6 pages Good and Evil Test The Insanity Plea has been around for more years than anyone can imagine. The history of the plea can be dated back as far as 1772 B.C. in Hammurabi’s code. During the times of, the Empire of Rome called people who were convicted to be "non-compos mentis". Non-compos mentis means "without mastery of mind and not guilty for their criminal actions". (Borum & Fulero, 1999) There had begun a feud over what to call this before

New Orleans: Before and After the Storm

713 words - 3 pages Everything from the citizen’s lifestyle to the economy changed after one of the most costly and dangerous hurricanes slammed into New Orleans, LA, on August 29, 2005. This hurricane is famously known as Hurricane Katrina, which slammed seven states on the gulf coast with violent winds and raging waters, New Orleans took the biggest hit. Over 80% of the city was flooded and there seemed to be no hope for a rescue or even a recovery. Amazingly

Iran Before and After the Revolution

836 words - 4 pages Iran before and after Revolution: Textual - Visual Metaphors of Graffiti during Revolution Introduction During the prehistoric period , human was creating markings on the surfaces of the caves and , since the down of civilization , on the walls of ancient structures Although in certain cases motivations to produce such marks are covered by mystery , wall paintings , and engravings definitely serve as factual evidence of human's presence

Hong Kong Before and After 1997

2076 words - 9 pages Introduction Before 1997, Hong Kong was being the colony of the United Kingdom, politics in Hong Kong is different from the mainland China and it is unique from other countries. After 1997, the sovereignty of Hong Kong is regressed to China, then the Hong Kong politics was under the foundation of ‘One Country Two systems’ and it is regulated by the Basic Low of Hong Kong. In almost each countries’ political system, political parties would be

New York City Before, During, and After the Civil War

3067 words - 12 pages New York City Before, During, and After the Civil War In its long and illustrious history, New York City (NYC) has gone through tremendous change. From a small trading post on the tip of Manhattan Island, to the greatest metropolis in the world, NYC has continued to evolve over time. One period in particular that had more degrees of change than many others, was 1860 to 1865. The lives of the residents of the great port city would be

The Dalai Lama, Before, During And After The Chinese Invasion

1373 words - 5 pages The universally recognized 14th Dalai Lama has tirelessly fought for the freedom for Tibet, during and after the unlawful occupation of the Chinese. His non-violence and political involvement for Tibet had brought acknowledgment and respect from the rest of the world. Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was born in 1934 in Eastern Tibet. He was hailed his predecessor's incarnation at the age of two, and was enthroned in 1940. Traditionally

The Colonization of New Zealand: Before, During, and After

1053 words - 4 pages , looking back at history, it is noticeable that the British affected the natives negatively and positively, and has also left a trademark on the culture today that can be found in New Zealand. Before the arrival of the Polynesians around 950-1130 A.D., New Zealand was unknown of to mankind. The Great Fleet, a mass arrival of Polynesians, arrived in 1350. From these ancestral people came the tribes of Maori and Marori. These two tribes were quite

Women Before, During and After World War One

1027 words - 4 pages Women Before, During and After World War One 1. Pre war women did have working opportunities though very little compared to men, as they were seen as weaker and that their place was in the "home". Their employment was limited to the domestic service (cleaning or working as a servant) and secretarial work and not manual labour in factories or working class women often worked in the textiles industry. Women were

The American Wars Before and After the Industrial Revolution

1071 words - 4 pages The American Wars before and after the Industrial Revolution Before the Industrial Revolution, the only things people knew of wars were what had been painted and told to them, as H. Bruce Franklin mentions in his writing: “prior to Civil War, visual images of America’s wars were almost without expectation expressions of romanticism and nationalism” (402). Franklin, in his essay “From Realism to Virtual Reality: Images of America’s Wars

Similar Essays

Before And After Essay

943 words - 4 pages outlining the deterioration, neglect, and failings of the Honolulu sewer system. Indeed, sewage spills had been an ongoing problem before the Ala Wai spill, with one occurring almost daily. While the Ala Wai spill occurred at a time when the Sierra Club, along with Hawai’i’s Thousand Friends and Our Children’s Earth Foundation, had brought a civil suit against the City and County of Honolulu (CCH) for repeated violations of the Clean Water Act

Before And After Christianity Essay

828 words - 4 pages Before and after the rise of Christianity, philosophers depended largely on developing axioms and using them to draw conclusions about the world. Before Christianity, the axioms were typically based on what was apparent to human reason. After Christianity became widespread, thinkers had to contend with a new source of knowledge- one based on faith rather than on what appeared self-evident to the human mind. Early Christians justified their

Passchendaele: Before And After Essay

823 words - 3 pages Passchendaele, Before and After Passchendaele could be described as one of the most controversial battles of World War I. Difficulties arose through a dispute between the British generals and politicians, all of whom had a different idea on the strategy of war. The actual necessity or futility of the battle is still disputed to this very day. Officially named the Third Battle of Ypres, Passchendaele took place several miles north of the town of

Differences Between American And European Trade Unions

931 words - 4 pages be solved through european trade-unions and the substitution of the works cuncil in multinational firms.American trade-unions.a) History and decrease of trade-unions influenceIn the USA, unionization is possible only if the trade-unions have been elected by the salarees of a firm, in order to defend them and negociate collectiv agreement.This law was made under F. Rooswelt investiture in 1935 and has been questionned after the second