Traditionalist Versus Reformist Among Colonial Powers

1011 words - 4 pages

Traditionalist and Reformers continually clashed during the 1800’s through the mid 1940’s. Traditionalist wanted to keep all western influence out, while the reformist concluded that without reform their societies would continually be dominated by the west. The Reformist was generally more successful in eventually establishing independence with some exceptions.

The era of western imperialism in Asia was gradual as the western powers being the Dutch at first and then the British created unfair treaties with the Chinese, Japanese, and other Asian countries. One of the most oppressive controls the British had over the Chinese had to do with the Opium trade. The Chinese emperor was aggravated with the continual British importation of opium into china which was ravaging the Chinese country. Many Chinese were becoming addicted to Opium. The tension between the British and Chinese came to a clash in the Opium War 1839-1842. After the war the treaty of Nanjing was imposed on the Chinese to pay for Britain’s war expenses and provided Britain with Hong Kong. Out of these events nationalism began to grow in China and many Chinese came to see the emperor as ineffective. After settling many internal problems the Chinese reformers began the “Self strengthening” movement. This movement’s goal was to reform China using modern European techniques. Many of the reformist and traditionalist came into conflict with each other. One such conflict which is still known as one of the bloodiest wars was the taiping rebellion. The leader of the rebellion was Hong Xiuquan a Chinese religious leader. The reformers slowly gained their goals as the Chinese monarchy was overthrown after the disasters Sino-Japanese war and the Boxer rebellion.

The Japanese were much more successful than their Chinese and Asian counterparts. The Japanese felt the yoke of western imperialism when in 1853 the U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry steamed into edo bath and forced negotiations with the Japanese emperor. After the negotiations two new ports were opened to trading. The U.S. philosophy on this diplomatic exposition was to get the Japanese to behave as a civilized nation. This policy became known as Gunboat diplomacy. As more foreigners began entering Japan through Yokohama after 1858 anti foreign samurai began terrorist movements and assassinations. Eventually Japanese reformist beat the traditionalist samurai and ousted the Tokugawa Shogunate beginning the Meiji Restoration. The Meiji Oligarchs were the ones who organized the ouster of the Shogunate and began running the country in the name of the Japanese emperor. The anthem of the Meiji reformers was “strong army, rich nation.” The Meiji’s began their transformation of Japan by stripping the samurai of their powers and investing in foreign advisors. In 1871 much to the anger of the samurai and other traditionalist all Japanese were declared equal.

One of the successful traditionalist approaches to keep foreign powers out was the...

Find Another Essay On Traditionalist versus Reformist among Colonial Powers

nigga Essay

1454 words - 6 pages it is for this reason, that European powers had strong intentions of remaining in control of India. The British influence in India was not completely negative. In 1835, English was made an official language in the colony and expected to be taught as a primary language in schools alongside the native languages. Another result of imperialism was the general trend towards modernization for the colony. (The British were directly responsible for all of

Why Was Communism Victorious in Vietnam?

1786 words - 8 pages under Communism. The Government of South Vietnam (GVN), as heirs to the French, inherited their colonialist mantle -- a disadvantage which Hanoi and the National Liberation Front (NLF) vigorously exploited. We suffered even more from the sharp contrast between the adversary we faced and the ally we supported -- a tightly-controlled, ideologically disciplined regime in Hanoi and revolutionary Viet Cong apparatus versus a weak traditionalist regime

Character Analysis for Raja Rao's Kanthapura

1102 words - 4 pages , overweight opportunist, he exploits the conflict among villagers, siding with the traditionalists who oppose Gandhi's doctrine of equal treatment for untouchables because his profits are larger as a result of the cheap labor that they provide. He lobbies his cause with phony smiles of religious devotion, wearing holy ashes to enhance his image. Through frequent trips to the city of Kawar, he becomes the official legal agent of the colonial

The Geographic, Political, and Ethnic Impact European Colonialism Has Played on the Present History of Africa

1483 words - 6 pages European colonialism in Africa. Aside from prohibiting slavery, which European and other foreign actors introduced to Africa, the colonial powers operated on the premise they were acting in the interests of Africa, to protect the African states from themselves and outside actors. However, it was apparent the European powers for interests, especially when they recognized how much economic potential was at stake. Instead of pursuing the humanitarian

The Path to Authoritarianism

1615 words - 7 pages beginning of the social change necessary in Africa to permit this despotism we later see under nationalist rule, but I’m getting ahead of myself. Colonial powers utilized a technique known as ‘divide and rule,’ which originally involved dividing the population along ethnic lines and generally pitting these different divisions against each other. This led to conflicts among the population, keeping them busy and thus facilitating colonial powers

"Why was Mussolini able to get to power in 1922?"

1474 words - 6 pages designed to enable Mussolini to gain political power. The Fascist party, although it only had 35 seats in government, could determine who would be the governing party. Through the division of the left wing into a revolutionary and a reformist wing, there were 3 opposing powers in government. Neither of them could form a strong enough coalition to govern the country without the Fascist Party.By the end of 1921 the Fascist Party "had to be taken

The Rebellion's of Upper and Lower Canada

1958 words - 8 pages had several of the leaders of the party arrested. The governor viewed the leaders of the Parti Canadien as Napoleon supporters and felt they were a threat to England.The French were concerned about losing their culture identity to the interests of the English business men. The colonial government gave special privileges to the Anglican Church. Tax revenue, land title was among these privileges. French Catholics were enraged there tax dollars

History becomes "Her-story" in West Africa: Representations of the female gender's role in the past, present, & future of West Africa

2500 words - 10 pages ownership, new technologies, Western educations, and political positions of power in both native and colonial administrations. In 1926, approximately 11,962 African men held jobs in the urban economy, while only 139 African women could say the same. In areas where Africans fought the colonial powers, men may have been the primary physical fighters, but women were left behind to face the economic and social problems caused by the wars. The women not

The Impact of 19th Century European Imperialism in Africa

1134 words - 5 pages Africa among themselves, without any consent from the people who actually lived there. The tribal stratification was changed to a caste system where racial, ethnic, and religious differences were of utmost importance, as delegated by European rule. The structure and business of the African economy was directed by what the colonial powers felt was necessary. The European powers interjected in the African society and inflicted them with their

Were the African People Partially Responsible for Colonialism?

1157 words - 5 pages “The condition of the native is a nervous condition introduced and maintained by the settler among the colonized people with their consent.” Frantz Fanon, 1961, The Wretched of the Earth Fanon’s quote, repeated on the first page of Nervous Conditions by Tsitsi Dangarembga, seems to state that Fanon held the colonized people of Africa partly responsible for the colonial system of governing and, by extension, the oppression of the African

The Effects of African Colonialism

1268 words - 5 pages . African countries in this situation are said to be in a "neocolonial" phase - "a new form of imperial rule stage managed by the colonial powers to give the colonized the illusion of freedom." This implies that western powers still have some control over the African nations both willing and involuntary. The main theory supporting this idea stems from Marxist economists who claim that poor countries are structured to provide support for

Similar Essays

"«<Tab/>Examine The Importance Of Colonial Rivalries In Affecting The Relations Among The European Powers In The Period 1870 1914

974 words - 4 pages rivalries. These rivalries worsened relationships between most of the countries, for example the Anglo-German relationship; but surprisingly, it improved some relationships such as the Anglo-French relationship. Colonial rivalries were one of the important factors that affected the relations among the European powers during that period because it made the powers work, interact, and understand each other.Anglo-French relations went under a dramatic change

The Historical Development Of The Juvenile Justice System

796 words - 3 pages age, learning and using obscene language, drinking alcohol in taverns if not at home, working and learning trades and fighting in wars (Empey, 1976). In the United States there was little difference than the rest of western society. Colonial reformist saw deviant behavior as something to be concerned about but it was considered a critical social problem or a breakdown in the social organization (Empey, 1976). Basically they saw humans as

'it Was Not The Weakness Of The Nationalists But The Strengths Of The Colonial Rulers That Led To The Failure Of The Nationalist Movements In Sea Before Wwii.' How Far Is This True?

3039 words - 12 pages , the colonial rulers proved to be a force too formidable to deal with- their employment of tools of repression and ability to co-opt sections of the native populations eventually caused the nationalist movements to fail.The oppression of the colonial rulers prevented the nationalist movements from making any headway. To begin with, most of the colonial rulers did not have the intension of sharing powers with their nationalists. The French were

African Colonialism Essay

1355 words - 5 pages upon boundaries and spheres of influence in order to avoid conflict. The Ugandan borders with Kenya, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, and Rwanda based on the British foresight and perception, while not even consulting with the Ugandans how it would be best to determine the boundaries. The artificial boundaries put in place by ruling colonial powers caused many problems. One problem was the division of ethnic groups among