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Traffic Solutiion Essay

1202 words - 5 pages

What is the process of achieving a perfect traffic planning system that contributes to a smooth flow in transportation? Whenever the issues that most countries face on their way are discussed, traffic jam is the first issue that looms on the horizon. Traffic Congestion can be clearly defined as a physical phenomenon in which cars block the traffic movement due to many factors. This phenomenon poses a huge challenge for most of the developed and developing countries. That’s why it is the job of traffic plan engineers, a branch of Civil Engineering, to set a strategic vision from different perspectives that manages this issue in such a way that reduces its overall effect on the society. ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, expansion and restoration of roadways have proved to be very effective in terms or reducing the traffic jams. According to Cervero(2001), widening roads have proved its important role in easing the flow of access for cars and emergency vehicles and in the way it deals with unexpected maintenance conditions. For that, it is much better to have wider roads and narrow them later for emergency situations to reduce the impediment of traffic. One of the most effective examples of expansion is the construction of highway systems. With reference to Childress (2012), highway systems often decrease the number of traffic signals and roundabouts which ease the traffic flow and provide safety and beautification in terms of the country’s framework. Most of the accidents, in the modern era, occur due to inattentiveness by driving at high speeds in congested roads. In addition, Japan showed phenomenal results in terms of managing congested roads when they increased the number of highways. Once the first phase of accomplishing smooth transportation is carried out, this paves the way for the next phase, which is the construction of modern bridges and tunnel roadways.
The second stage for accomplishing a smooth traffic flow is to develop tunnels and bridges system. Tunnels and bridges have proved their important role in smoothing the traffic stream. According to Harris (2009), Tunnels and bridges reduce traffic because they provide shortcuts for the drivers which contribute in saving time and reducing the consumption of fuel. Tunnels are 150 meters and above underground or water crossing roadways. Studies have shown that tunnels reduce the traffic jam by almost 15%.The implementation of tunnels and bridges require great engineering skills. Moreover, the construction of tunnels and bridges is concerned with an area of physics called statics, in other words, they must undergo a complex process in order to be well implemented. The system for tunnels and bridges development relies upon such components as the ground conditions, the ground water conditions, the length and width of the tunnel or the bridge, the profundity and the logistics that support the drilling works, and the danger administration for more safety.
In addition, developing bridges can be either an additional or alternative way to reduce traffic jam, especially for countries with large aquatic areas. A bridge can be defined as a structure extended above a road or an aquatic area. The construction of bridges requires a huge funding but usually, less than that of tunnels. Although the construction of tunnels and bridges require a huge funding. However, they have numerous long-term benefits , as they engage in improving the sparing field for any country. Since traffic plays a critical function in the economic area. That is why, ...

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