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Trail Of Tears: Andrew Jackson's Removal Treaties

1265 words - 6 pages

Migration starting the original Cherokee Nation arose in the early 1800’s. The Cherokee’s were one of the richest tribes in the United States. Many Cherokees owned small farms and had a few large plantations where Africans were imprisoned. More or less Cherokees were cautious of white infringement and moved west on their own to settle down in other areas of the nation. Previously the Old Settlers had willingly relocated in 1817 to Arkansas where they created a government also well as a diplomatic way of life. The Old Settlers were forced to migrate to Indian Territory. Hatred of the Cherokee had been stirring and reached a peak following the finding of gold in northern Georgia. This encounter was made once the foundation and passage of the original Cherokee Nation constitution and institutions of a Cherokee Supreme Court. Gold was discovered on Cherokee lands in 1829. Settlers poured in to stake their claims. Influenced by "gold fever" and a longing for expansion, many bleached societies turned on their Cherokee neighbors. The U.S. government eventually decided it was time for the Cherokees to be removed. President Andrew Jackson's military command and his life were protected thanks to the support of 500 Cherokee allies at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814. It was Jackson who authorized the Indian Removal Act of 1830 following the endorsement of President James Monroe in his concluding address to Congress in 1825. Jackson, as president, endorsed an attitude that has carried on for many years among countless white migrants. Thomas Jefferson, who often quoted the Great Law of Peace of the Iroquois Confederacy as the model for the U.S. Constitution, had been supportive of the Indian Removal as early as 1802.
Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe debated that the Indian tribes in the Southeast should interchange their land for lands west of the Mississippi River, they did not take phases to make this transpire. The Indian Removal Act was federal legislation passed that specified that Indians had to leave the east. It was officially signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. This forced the Native Americans, such as the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole to relocate east of the Mississippi River. The Seminoles of Florida with the assistance of runaway slaves fought to keep their land. Lots of the Seminoles were either executed or enforced to leave their homes. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were by force relocated west by way of the United States government. The Cherokees voyaged more than 800 miles through North Carolina. They also traveled to Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas. The Cherokee nation, led by Chief John Ross, fought back in the U.S. courts. Their case went all the way to the Supreme Court. In 1832, Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the U.S. should protect the Cherokees and their land in Georgia. Instead of supporting the court ruling,...

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