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Education Essay

1813 words - 7 pages

1AlixFulfilling EducationProviding an exceptional education to the young people of a nation should be the goal of every teacher, of every educational institution, and of every government of every nation. While this fact is not often disputed, what is often disputed is what exactly constitutes a good education. Americans have argued about what exactly is the purpose of education and what constitute an effective education. "Some claim that public schools are not as good as they used to be, others that they are not as good as they ought to be" (Ravitch 13). Despite the cost of education and how much time spent in it, education is necessary. Effectively taught education should result in a student been able to work, contribute positively to a society, and to have personal fulfillment and independency. This essay will provide a brief indication on the history of education in America and its founders, and discuss various authors and writers point of view on what constitute an effective teaching. It will compare and contrast their theories and draw some conclusion.There is always been education of some sort in the United States. Hundreds of years ago, most learning happened at home. Parents taught their children or, if their families could afford it, private tutors did the job. But starting in nineteen century the United States settled on free education for all. After the American Revolution, Thomas Jefferson argued that the newly independent nation needed an educational system. In 1840s the education system was highly localized and available only to the wealth people. Education reformers like Horace Mann and Henry Bernard who wanted all children to gain the benefit of education opposed this. Mann started the publication of common school journal, which took the educational issue to the public. He held series of public meetings to propose a new system that would serve all boys and girls, and teach a common knowledge that would give student an equal chance in life He argued that education could create good citizen, unite society and prevent crime and poverty. As a result of their effort, by the end of the nineteenth century, education went from been private to common school and free public education was available for all the American children. In the early decades of the twentieth century, economy become more complex and student stayed in school longer to gain additional skills and knowledge. In 1900 public school was one of the most treasured institutions in the United States. More districts established secondary schools, and high school enrollment increased. An ever larger population had the opportunity to attend schools, though many African American lived in community in the south where no school were available for them until the mid century. The majority of students in most urban centers were immigrants. Their parents understood that education was the likeliest route to improve their future lives in America. The dramatic growth of school enrollment in...

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