Teaching Conditional Sentence To Foreign Language Learners

2185 words - 9 pages

1. Introduction
Grammar and Vocabulary are the two foundations of English language and they affect each other individually. Therefore, both of them should be emphasize in English language teaching. According to Greenbaum and Nelson (2002), Grammar refers to the set of rules that allow people to combine words in language into larger units. Mastering grammar well will contribute greatly to reading, writing and speaking. In grammar leaning, the student’s attitude matters. Meanwhile, the teaching methods are also the key factor for students to master well. So to some extent, the teaching method in class would affect the students’ studying of grammar. As Wu (2012) mentioned, there's no agreed-upon method of teaching English conditionals so far. Consequently, the discussion of new and personal approach of conditional sentence is going to be made in this paper.

This paper is consisted of four parts. Firstly the author would evaluate the Miss Wong’s teaching approach according to the interview from the given material. In the second part, new grammar activity with detailed procedure would be designed. Thirdly, the author would like to discuss the activity based on certain theory. And at the end of the paper, there will be some exercises as a little quiz prepared for the students at the beginning of next class.

2. Evaluation of Miss Wong’s Grammar Teaching Approach
The given material is an interview with Miss Wong who talked about teaching methods on four types of conventional sentence in Band 3 school. In her statement, she usually explains four types of conventional sentences in the first place and then gives students exercises to check whether they maser certain grammar rule. The advantage and disadvantage are both quite obvious.
2.1 Advantages of Miss Wong’s method
Miss Wong spent half of the class in explaining certain grammar rules and used the next half on exercise. That is the most general approach of teaching grammar in China. This method is welcomed for it benefits the examinations. A large amount of exercises help student to be skilled in finishing tests. In addition, checking answers is also effective for teacher to find out how the students doing with it. Besides, Miss Wong’s method is efficient which allows the rules to be mastered in limited time.
2.2 Disadvantages of Miss Wong’s method
At the same time, the disadvantages are also distinct. In fact, her approach would fit better for the talented students. However, she is teaching in a Band 3 school in Hong Kong. As a result, according to her speaking, she found some students still got confused with the reason to use a past tense verb in an if-clause when referring to imaginary situations. In other words, the students still do not fully understand the usage of conventional sentence. Another weakness is that there are no students’ involvements in class. No group discussion, no pair presentation. It is quite dull and vapid. As a coincidence, students get bored with grammar and continually...

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