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Training In Overall Organizational And Hrm Strategy

1971 words - 8 pages

Training in Overall Organizational and HRM Strategy

‘Training is the planned provision to modify attitude, knowledge or
skill behaviour through learning experience to achieve effective
performance in an activity or range of activities. Its purpose, in the
work situation, is to develop the abilities of the individual and to
satisfy the current and future needs of the organisation.’ (Manpower
Services Commission, 1981). According to D. King (1964) there are
many reasons why an employer should provide training including
shortage of labour, high turnover, expanding production, automation,
redundancy, improvement of quality, reduction of scrap,
diversification of products and raising the calibre of the staff.
Although this is quite a dated theory, most of the reasons mentioned
are still relevant these days. All the benefits of training are
related to cost as the impact of training has to be cost effective.

In the first section of this essay, I am going to give an introduction
to Human Resource management otherwise known as HRM. In the next
section, I would like to discuss some of the benefits of training and
ultimately provide a reason why it is essential to build training into
an organisation. In section three I will introduce the idea of a
learning organisation and will continue to summarise its
characteristics. In the penultimate section of my essay I will show
how to identify if an organisation is using training and development
techniques before the final section in which I will conclude my main
points.

Human resource management (HRM), formally known as personnel, has the
responsibility of using and developing the employees at the
organisation in the most productive way. Molander and Winterton
(1995) described HRM as a co-operative, strategic and hard-headed
activity staffed by managers committed to the financial success of the
organisation. The idea behind the HRM originates from the Japanese,
and the way in which they manage individuals. It places greater
emphasis on development through training and development and career
planning.

Training and development is an essential function within an
organisation used to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the
employees or the organisation as a whole. Individuals who lack in
certain skills, knowledge or attitudes required by job requirements
are those who will be selected to be trained, this may involve on the
job or off the job training. On the job training is training which is
done whilst in the employees workplace, whereas off the job training
may involve training to a different location with a different
environment or conditions. An organisation which uses training will
observe many improvements to the overall running of the organisation.
There are many benefits, and in this section I will encapsulate the
main...

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