Transformation Requires The Original Text To Be Changed. In What Ways Has Emma Been Changed Into Clueless? To What Extent Was This Unavoidable?

1222 words - 5 pages

Transformation comes in many different forms. In the transformation from Emma to Clueless the viewer experiences a number of changes. Things such as the change of medium, culture, setting and target audiences are all common when transforming a text and the transformation between Emma and Clueless is no exception.The most noticeable change between texts is the change from a novel to a film. This form of change has many implications for the viewer. In Emma, Austen provides the reader with very lengthy descriptions. What may take Austen pages to describe is presented by Heckerling in Clueless in a mere shot. This is very evident in the texts. In Clueless Cher (Alica Silverstone) simply has to do a voice over with the words "Isn't my house classic?" whilst the viewer looks at her placial mansion to give the viewer an exact image of the house in which Cher lives. In Emma Austen devotes pages to the description of her abode not only giving us a straight description before we encounter dialogue but also by adding in various remarks through the characters dialogue and narrative comments.The change between novel and film gives us another way of looking at things. Where as in a novel we are only guided by the author, in a movie our opinions can be formulated through a variety of different methods. Things such as colour, tone of voice, expressions and actions can only be described by the author where as in a film we can see and therefore interpret these things ourself. Another thing is the use of sound. Often in films the viewer is encounters music and sound which help represent the mood. In Austens Emma the party thrown by Frank Churchill can only be described, forcing the reader to rely upon the literary skills of Austen. However in Clueless the viewer is present with a barrage of information through lighting, music, sound effects and actions.Another aspect of the change between Emma and Clueless is the change in culture. Austen wrote Emma in the late 1700's. As such Emma was written for a "˜proper' society which was ruled by tradition. Women were subservient to men, many people called their peers Mr or Mrs, promiscuity was exceedingly low, and the expectations upon people were very strict. Contrasting this with Clueless the viewer sees a society of fast cars, girls wearing "˜revealing' attire, the presentation of homosexuality and a change in social interaction. The biggest change in culture is the change in the views of sex and marriage. In Clueless the viewer is presented with a much more liberal society. Cher almost throws herself at Christian in a vain effort for him to like her, contemplating sex with someone who she doesn't even know about. Also the viewer is told that after the incident on the LA freeway, Dione virginity goes from "˜technical to non-existent'. However in Emma, Emma says "Impossible! "“ I never can all you anything but "˜Mr Knightley'", to the gentleman she is becoming engaged to. We are never...

Find Another Essay On TRANSFORMATION REQUIRES THE ORIGINAL TEXT TO BE CHANGED. IN WHAT WAYS HAS EMMA BEEN CHANGED INTO CLUELESS? TO WHAT EXTENT WAS THIS UNAVOIDABLE?

To what Extent has Gothic Literature Continued or Changed from the 18th Century to Present Day?

692 words - 3 pages Evaluation When coming to the conclusion, it is interesting a range of opinions about whether or not Gothic Literature is losing his popularity or is still popular as ever. A range of opinions inform the judgment to be made about Gothic Literature. Overall, the responses gathered come up with the idea that Gothic Literature is losing its popularity, although, according to figure 2.2 this is supported by figures made in 2007 to 2008 which

To what Extent has Gothic Literature Continued or Changed from the 18th Century to Present Day?

2101 words - 9 pages their lifestyle and the lifestyle of others to be put into their works. Rebecca arguably stems away from the Romantic-Gothic writing which has fondly been so popular in the 18th and 19th century, as the proposal is quite anti-climactic compared to what a typical Romantic-Gothic novel would focus on (typical in Jane Eyre). Alongside this, Maxim behaves and acts more like a family relation rather than a husband which deflates the connection

To what extent has the purpose and nature of slavery changed throughout history?

1049 words - 5 pages can be seen in Ancient Egypt 5000 years ago. Slavery continued on from then and was present in the transatlantic slave trade in the 16-1800's and is even alive and running today with child slavery, in third world countries such as Haiti. Slavery has been such a strong presence in our world because it provides an excuse for people to use each other for personal gain, slaves often have do the worst and hardest tasks in the most excruciating

An essay analysing the transformation of ideas and context from the original text Jane Austen's Emma to the appropriated text Amy Heckerlings Clueless to suit a modern day audience

2943 words - 12 pages Printed below is the beginning of an essay on the novel Emma and the film Clueless. Finish the essay in your own words and thoughts to explain how the ideas in the original text (Emma) have been changed, in the appropriated text (Clueless), to suit a new, more modern context and audience.Emma and CluelessThe 1993 hit film Clueless, written and directed by Amy Heckerling, exemplifies how popular culture re-appropriates Austen's novels to serve

To what extent has the conservative’s party changed since the electio of David Cameron as its leader?

2151 words - 9 pages The conservative party has been in existence since the 1670s and was first called the ‘Tories’, a term used by the Scottish and Irish to describe a robber. This party is a right- wing party which believed in conserving the tradition and the king, as the name entails. David Cameron, the current party leader became the leader in 2005. He is also the present prime minister of Great Britain and he has made a lot of changes since he became the leader

In what ways has the Welfare State changed since its creation in the 1940s?

1678 words - 7 pages contrasts these changes in the provision of state welfare by dividing the timescale into the two significant transformations of the periods between the 1940's - 1980s and from the 1980s to present, including how liberalism influenced the changes that occurred during the second transformation. This essay will explore what changed, how it changed and why it changed. In the period between the First and Second World Wars Britain was characterised

To What Extent Can Modern Scientific Theories Be Said To Have Disproved the Claims That the Universe Has Been Designed

1317 words - 5 pages created and designed directly by God. Another way that science and the design argument link is that evolution and God don't have to be mutually exclusive and evolution could be the way that God operates. This is the idea of Karl Rahner. The philosopher Henri Bergson argued in his book "Creative Evolution" that there was something that made evolution take place, and that evolution is part of God's design. AS of yet no answer has been found that is

A. What has been the most important event in your life, and how has it changed you?

683 words - 3 pages know how I was going to fit in since I was shy around new people. Everyone was split into 26 different councils. I was in council ‘M’. That week changed me from a shy, new Student Council member to a girl who was completely comfortable with being herself and confident for her first year in Student Council The first major event was the Olympics. All 26 councils came together and participated in different games. This was when our council first

What Has Changed about Epilepsy

3827 words - 15 pages period's approach to handling this disease, even though epilepsy has been considered one of the most serious brain disorders in every country of the world. Secondly, we must remain committed to the search for even greater neurological understandings, and new ways for scientist, neurologists, doctors, psychiatrists, and psychologists to introduce methods of caring for this disease and its victims, while implementing what we find over a broader region

To what extent should we embrace nationalism? To what extent has nationalism been positive throughout the world?

1824 words - 7 pages then began. In just one hundred days the Hutus had already slaughtered over 500, 000 people. The overall estimated death toll was about 800,000 people. It was one of the biggest Genocides in history, all because the Hutus wanted to protect the civic nation they had created.. To this day many Hutus still believe it was necessary for their survival.Nationalism has also effected the way countries deal with war refugees. Afghanistan has been a victim

To what extent has British (or American) television been successful in providing programmes for diverse audiences?

1431 words - 6 pages In this essay I am going to talk about the way in which American television has been successful in providing programmes for female viewers. I will discuss the ways in which American television programmes have provided women viewers with successful role models and provided programmes which are of interest for them.I will talk about sitcoms that have been made with a female audience in mind. I will also write about talk shows and soaps which are

Similar Essays

To What Extent Have Cigarette Advertisements Been Changed And Developed In America Since The 20 Th Century?

1154 words - 5 pages has a perfectly rugged chin and the perfect facial structure that blows the smoke directly in the beautiful woman’s face. Also in this advert, sex appeal is used to attract viewers, as in the Chesterfield:."Blow Some My Way"(1926) campaign. The woman is actress Barbra Carrerra. In her performances she often played sinister femme fatale, to great effect, being very popular at the time. The woman appears to be enjoying the smoke that is blown at

To What Extent Have Cigarette Advertisements Been Changed And Developed In America Since The 20 Th Century?

1015 words - 5 pages targeted audience. For example, the way the surrounding clouds resemble clouds of smoke which protects them like a warm blanket, creating a calm and pleasant mood. Furthermore, as the woman’s face is lit up by the man lighting his Chesterfield cigarette, the slogan, ‘’Blow some my way’’, has been positioned close to the woman in an attractive italics font creating a romantic tone as the audience can imagine the words coming from her mouth. This

What Points Was Amy Heckerling Trying To Make When She Transformed Emma Into Clueless

1603 words - 7 pages What particular points was Amy Heckerling trying to make when she transformed Emma into Clueless? Emma a widely recognized novel written by Jane Austen, Clueless a modern movie adaption of the novel. Both focusing on the lives of privileged and wealthy girls who have limitless boundaries. Emma Woodhouse lives in nineteenth century England, whilst her counterpart, Cher Horowitz lives in modern and upscale Beverly Hills. The literary text, Emma

To What Extent Has Gothic Literature Continued Or Changed From The 18th Century To Present Day?

2390 words - 10 pages the fact that, in this particular part of the text, Bronte had not dived in deeper creating gothic conventions which would have been perfect placed here to give the reader the essential feeling of an eerie atmosphere and impending doom. Whereas, with Maurier’s Manderly the setting is very different to the emptiness and dry land of Thornfield as Manderly is by the sea creating a different atmosphere to what is created with the nature and