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Transformation Of The West Essay

720 words - 3 pages

In the late 18th century, both France and the Thirteen Colonies endured revolutions that resulted in the decline of powerful monarchies, the rise of democracy, and the switch of absolute monarchies to constitutional states and republics. Both France and America became unified under an over-arching ideology and the power of the national state became elevated. Although the embracement of Enlightenment ideals and the suffering from social and economic inequalities caused the revolutions, both areas had contrasting motives that spurred from their idea of a perfect government.
The French revolution was provoked by the changing ideology, the oppression felt by society because of taxation, and ...view middle of the document...

The absolute monarchy leading up to the French Revolution had weak political leadership and had not introduced the Enlightenment ideals of individual liberty. In contrast to other revolutions at the time, the French sought to completely overthrow the government and form a new one. The revolutionists were “ready to create ‘drastic change’ that would reconstruct their country” (Doc ___) and saw the revolution as way to do just that.
In the Thirteen Colonies, the American Revolution was induced by a change in outlook, the lack of social and economic representation, and the urgency to provide rights in the existing government. Similar to the French Revolution, Americans formulated an ideology based on Enlightenment ideals that propelled them to resist the British monarch and demand rights. The Americans become motivated by the concepts of republicanism, democracy, and liberalism as they sought constitutional rights. This motivation was seen through acts of rebellion such as the boycotting of goods from Britain and the Boston Tea Party. The revolutionists saw the movement as a method to advance a new political ideology and create a free society. Furthermore, growing dissension toward the British Monarch compelled the people to turn on the leadership. “The [British] nation was beset with political instability and was stumbling on the edge of...

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