Northouse (2013) talks about the popularity of transformational leadership as a new leadership approach. Transformational leadership is a process that transforms and changes the followers. In transformational leadership, the leader focuses on motivating the followers in order to achieve their long-term goals. Being inspired and motivated can help the followers to achieve more success. Transformational leadership also focuses on establishing values and ethics at the workplace to create an environment that is more satisfying for the followers. The element of charisma also is very important and effective in this process.
Kouzes & Posner (2007) introduce transformational leadership as a leadership style that inspires people and according to Burns (2003) transformational leadership occurs when, in their interactions, people “raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality. Their purpose, which might have started out as separate but related, as in the case of transactional leadership, become fused…. But transforming leadership ultimately becomes moral in that raises the level of human conduct and ethical aspiration of both the leader and the led, and thus it has a transforming effect on both” (Burns, Transforming leadership, 2003).
In this research we will analyze the transformational leadership more in details. Further we will talk about the elements and effects of it as a process and as a leadership style in educational organizations. And finally we will talk about the correlation between transformational and instructional leadership. As Marzano (2005) implies, transformational leadership is an expansion of instructional leadership and according to Leithwood, Jantzi, & Steinbach (1999) because “it aspires, more generally, to increase members’ efforts on behalf of the organization, as well as develop more skill practice” (p.20).
As Northouse (2013) describes transformational leadership, there are several core elements associated with this leadership style. Also he includes assessing followers’ motives, satisfying their needs, and treating them as full human beings. In transformational leadership, leaders and followers bound with each other through the process and become inseparable. Kouzes & Posner (2007) argue that people develop the sense of belonging to something special when they become part of something that elevates them to achieve higher levels of motivation and morality.
As articulated by Bass (1985), there are four factors that describe the behaviors of transformational leaders. These factors are called “Four I’s” of transformational leadership (Sosik & Dionne, 1997). The transformational factors are: individual consideration, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, and idealized influence (Bass, 1985).
According to Northouse (2013) idealize influence or charisma “describes leaders who act as strong role models for followers; followers identify with these leaders and...