Transitions From Hunter Gatherer To Pastoralist Society

872 words - 3 pages

As societies develop, many changes occur that help the progression of a better civilization. While some changes are subtle, others are incredibly dramatic and alter the course of human history. Few changes of this significance have occurred and one of these more notable changes appeared in the era of the Hunter-Gathers. The drastic changes from a Hunter-Gatherer society to an Agriculturalist or Pastoralist civilization are some of the most radical alterations in societal development on earth.
First, the shift from a Hunter-Gatherer society to an agriculturalist civilization was tremendous. The innovation of various occupations, government, and gender roles all stemmed from the adaptation of agriculture. As food sources became more stable and in a central location, people could now focus on other occupations rather than simply looking for food. From this shift, many more occupations began which included sculptures, artists, carpenters and much more. This also allowed for more advanced infrastructure in their cities. In more advanced cities such as Harappan civilizations plumbing even emerged. In addition to different jobs, government formed as well. Many Agriculturalist civilizations had governments with set governing rules. Compared to today’s society their rules were much more punitive and retaliatory. Men also had a much higher positions. Another change that happened was the transference into gender roles. Whereas in Hunter-Gatherer society men and women were considered equal and both had similar roles. When agriculture began, women could now have more children when they could remain in one place. This led to women staying home and caring for their families more, which in turn allowed men to work out of the house and also created patriarchy.
Next, there were also large advances in art and religion. As more cities began to spring up, the trade of ideas and materials increased. At this point, much more structured religion began and the free flow of ideas also created much larger advances in art. The contrast in religion from their time to a Hunter-Gatherer society is tremendous as well. Hunter-Gatherer religion was animism, where certain objects and features had gods. As it evolved, later religion became monotheistic and centered on this one god. Mesopotamia for example had a polytheistic religion up until the 1st century C.E when Christianity began to develop. Another significant change was in the civilizations arts. Hunter-Gatherers were quite primitive and instead had cave paintings, whereas art in other civilizations was much more advanced. In Harappa, art was very developed; they had many stone carvings as well as necklaces consisting of rare stones.
In addition to the digression into agriculture, Hunter-Gatherers also developed into Pastoralist societies. This development altered many aspects to a Hunter-Gatherer society....

Find Another Essay On Transitions From Hunter-Gatherer To Pastoralist Society

Change within Western Society from Roman Times to

1935 words - 8 pages transformations, it can be understood that it is a result from the changing times and situations.The artistic changes in time the Western Society from Roman times to the time of Carolingian Empire are no exception. These creative differences that occurred during such times make it effortless to notice and understand the changes that were taking place. As a result, the alterations in society can be understood from the Roman Empire to the time of Charlemagne

The Effects of Modern Vampires on Society , A long road from Dracula to Twilight

2449 words - 10 pages supernatural creature-themed fantasy romance novels have been extremely popular all over the world. According to statistics brought out by Romance Writers of America, in 2009, the paranormal subgenre made up 17.16% of the popular romance genre, which in itself 54% of all books sold by the publishing industry.(Bailie) Vampires have come a long way from the 19th century until nowadays. Not so long ago they were a sort of evil, but nowadays they

Women's Role in Civilized Society, According to Marlow; From Conrad's "Heart of Darkness."

698 words - 3 pages scares Marlow. Much like the story of Adam and Eve, where the man was powerless against the woman's temptation, Kurtz was tempted by the native woman. Marlow connects the chaos of the Congo to the power of woman, much like he connects the order of society in Europe to the weakness of women.Marlow obviously believes that information and truth, which leads to power, should be withheld from women. He even says, "Women . . . we must help them to stay in

From The Dawn Of Time, Animals Have Helped To Shape Both Human Society And Human Imagination

1481 words - 6 pages sacred creatures. Domestic animals have greatly influenced community rituals and values in most early societies.We need to define the difference between traditions and rituals of life from values. Traditions and rituals are not so essential; they pave for us the pattern of life. In contrast values for a community in a society are extremely important. Values define the path a society follows. Values enable societies to advance.People today also depend

The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European Society

1487 words - 6 pages The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European SocietyBy Alexander GriffinActors throughout the ages have had a raw deal, sometimes held in high esteem at other times driven underground by their native states who wish to silence them. However in ancient Greece actors were often looked upon as the most fundamental part of society and often formed their own guilds. They were tools of the state, Used to inform the

From 'The Outsider' by Albert Camus To what extent is Mersault an existentialist? Does his philosophy make him an outsider to the society in which he lives?

742 words - 3 pages society. As you can see, his traits have formed the basis of the character Mersault. Camus was a man who was very concerned about analysing existence in the universe. Camus was mainly influenced by philosophical thoughts in association with existentialism. Many of his books have had to do with the meaning of life and the essences involved to be part of society. However throughout the book you can see how Mersault is estranged from society and then

The idea that each person in society must be free and able to express his/her opinions taken from "On Liberty" by John Stuart Mill

1153 words - 5 pages perfect example of the government interfering wrongly in the wrong place. The use of drugs by individuals should not be of anyone's concern unless the user fails to meet his responsibilities to his family or society. We now live in a world where violent criminals are released early from jail punishment while we punish people for their individual behavior even though they have harmed no one. Mill is right in his belief that we must stop punishing

Describe how analogue to digital will affect the system from a technological point of view, and discuss more widely how society might be affected by these changes

829 words - 3 pages surrounding regions. Comparatively, in the last century we have seen the shift to broadcasting all over the world displaying hundreds of channels. The development from an analogue to a digital production has been dramatic; however have these changes initiated a detrimental effect on society, producing individuals ruled by our television screens?Television was released in 1936; however, due to its extortionate cost the use was only minimal

Using Tom Robinson's trial as a starting point, explain what we learn about Maycomb society from reading 'To Kill a Mockingbird'

1380 words - 6 pages Maycomb society following racial prejudice is that there is a separation of communities. 'The coloured balcony...' The Negroes are forced to sit in a separate area from the Whites. This emphasises that the amount of racial prejudice is so large that the whites must go to the extent of separating themselves from the Negroes. Aunt Alexandra shows a similar sort of prejudice. 'She did not permit Calpurnia to make the delicacies required to the sustain

What can the study of grave-goods tell us about the nature of society? Europe From Late Antiquity to Early Middle Ages

1622 words - 6 pages What can the study of grave-goods tell us about the nature of society?Europe From Late Antiquity to Early Middle AgesCormac GriffinA1177407The Anglo-Saxon ship, Sutton Hoo, was discovered in 1939 in a burial mound near Woodbridge, Suffolk, in southeast England. Initially excavated in this year and again in 1965-7, the grave-goods discovered were both extensive and revealing of a number of facets of Anglo-Saxon life of the 7th century including

Bias in American society. Refers to "The View from the Bottom Rail" by James West Davidson and Mark Hamilton Lytle, and interviewes and articles of ex-slaves

1867 words - 7 pages What does the word bias mean? Bias is a mental predilection or prejudice. The essay "The View from the Bottom Rail" by James West Davidson and Mark Hamilton Lytle opened my eyes on how American history could be looked at as one sided and even bias. Even today there is still bias in America. In today's society, racism and stereotyping occur in all aspects of life. It can occur because of one's gender, race, religion, culture, economic status, etc

Similar Essays

From Hunter Gathers To Agarian Society

1368 words - 6 pages would have kept moving around a lot. Skills and knowledge were better passed on to the young, and educational systems began to start; as did economies when trade with other communities started as well. People also developed the concept of ownership, and wanting to improve status for themselves, their families, and their towns. It all just kept going forward from this point. Now when talking about hunter gatherer there society doesn't leave much

From Nature To Society Essay

1865 words - 7 pages From Nature to Society In 1690, John Locke laid the groundwork for his philosophy on civil society in his Second Treatise of Government. Sixty-five years later, in France, Jean Jacques Rousseau set out on a similar endeavor, attempting to deconstruct the social contract to the point to which it could be more easily interpreted. For their own purposes, the two political philosophers used similar terminology, most notably the “state of nature

How Did American Society Change From 1865 To 1930?

1026 words - 5 pages What is society? Society is a highly structured system, of human organization for large scale community living that normally furnishes protection. A national identity for its members in a group. This groups are classify as lower-class, middle, class, and upper-class. Each of these groups change over time. Never staying the same. From 1865 to 1930s the American society had change in hug enormous ways. What you do? What you wear? Who you hang

Estlund’s Epistemic Filter: Democracy’s Ability To Ascertain Truth From Society.

2316 words - 10 pages legitimacy from the belief that if all of the qualified points of view are accounted for then the best among those choices is the most acceptable outcome. This means that two people may hold different opinions but it is the opinion of society as a whole that is considered to be the legitimate prescription to the problem. Estlund calls this “Epistemic Proceduralism” because it combines key points from both epistemic and proceduralist philosophies. This