Translocated Down Syndrome Essay

1221 words - 5 pages

Translocated Down Syndrome
Translocated Down Syndrome is genetically passed on from a parent’s gene to its child (Clinical Key, 2012). In this paper we will look at a short description of what Down syndrome really is, the genetic causes of Translocated Down syndrome, symptoms, characteristics, medications, intervention programs and testing for Down syndrome while an infant is still in the womb.
The effects of Down syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome. “a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21” (Dictionary.com, 2014). People with Down syndrome have a different look to them, as their eyes are normally slanted, they are much shorter, whether their parents are tall or not and their tongue/mouth isn’t structured the same as everyone else’s (WebMD, 2014). These are many of the characteristics of Down syndrome.
Translocated is the only genetic cause of Down syndrome known to be passed along through a parent’s gene. The parent might be the carrier of the defect or it might be an unsuspected trait (Clinical Key, 2012). Translocated is a rare cause, but it is definitely not impossible. What happens is chromosome 21 links itself to other chromosomes. This happens previous to conception or it can happen during. People with translocated still have the regular chromosome 21, but they have extra stuff from chromosome 21 added onto the translocated chromosome (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Translocated is another form of Down syndrome, with the difference of it being passed along by genetics.
There are two different types of symptoms: There are physical and intellectual symptoms. Some of the physical symptoms are a smaller neck, eyes are slanted upward, hands are wider than normal and both their hands and fingers are much shorter than the average persons and the most noticeable is the head and facial features, they are much smaller than average (NIH, 2012). Some of the intellectual symptoms are the progress of learning a language or speaking one. Speech and language is normally behind compared to the average child’s speech development, thinking and reactions. The learning process is much slower and miscalculations are more common than usual (NIH, 2012). These are the main symptoms of Down syndrome.
Only 3% to 4% of the different types of Down syndrome is translocated (Clinical Key, 2012). This means that 4 in 100 babies are born with translocated Down syndrome (Dr. Wright, 2013). Unlike Trisomy 21 this type of Down syndrome does not occur because of pregnancy in old age (Clinical Key, 2012). There are very few babies that are affected by translocated Down syndrome and the risk of a fetus getting it is not increased because of a mothers age during pregnancy.
There is absolutely no cure for Down syndrome, but Down syndrome increases the chance of health issues. “Some of the problems commonly faced by people with Down syndrome include heart defects, thyroid, muscle, joint, vision and hearing problems” (Fergus, 2009). These...

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