This research entitled "An Overview on Transport Sector and the Efficiency of its Institutions" states that the Philippine transport sector is organized along with the various mode of transportation such as land transport (including road and rail), water transport and air transport. In lined with this transport sector, this research also states the different transportation agencies and institutions headed by the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC), and on the other hand, government departments similar to DPWH has different role in transportation system without the jurisdiction of the DOTC. This research, however, discussed the transportation sector's functions including the plan formulation, development, operation and regulation of different policies, infrastructure and carriers involved in transportation. This paper explores online encyclopedias, online articles, government publications, written handouts and websites of different transport agencies and institutions to know their roles and ways in assuring the efficiency in giving services to its consumers, as a part of the transportation system.
An Overview on Transportation Sectors and the Efficiency of Its Institutions
Transportation is defined as a system of moving people and goods from one place to another. It is a major element in the overall socio economic system in which it serves as the lifeblood of the economy. The role of transportation is to provide the required accessibility and mobility so that the movements can occur in an efficient manner through transport sectors (Gaviola, 2012). The transport sector encompasses a wide range of infrastructure and activities, organized along the three modes of transport as follows: land, which includes road, rail, and urban; water; and air transport (Transport Sector,2008). Due to the country's geographic features, the various modes of transportation play distinct roles in the movement of passengers and freight in the country. Thus, transportation system in the Philippines is multi-modal. People and goods are moved by land (road and rail), water, and air through the assurance of efficiency and supervisions of the various transport institutions (United Nations Institute for Training and Research [UNITAR], 2005). Transport institutions through planning, implementing, developing and regulating activities involved in transportation guarantees efficiently to transport sectors that satisfy the mobility needs of people and firms in the transport system.
The transport sector, specifically the land transport sector, according to Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) (2009), the Philippines has a total estimated road network of 213,151 km, in which 54, 481 km are paved and 158, 670 km are not. The Philippine road network consists of national roads, providing the main trunk line networks connecting key population centers and linking...