Transportation. Essay

1513 words - 6 pages

In many books transportation is defined as 'the means to reach the destination and also the means of movement at the destination.' (Cooper et al. 1998) The innovation of the transportation had not only a dramatic effect on the lives of many people, but also on the development of the tourism industry. As the technology of the transportation started to develop in the 19th century, people started to travel and discover new places; to put it in another way, mass forms of tourism became possible. An obvious starting point is to say that transportation is very important factor for the growth of the tourism industry. Without transport, travel would be impossible.This essay examines the primary effects of changes in transport technology and illustrates their application on the geography of tourism. Therefore, first of all, the essay will provide a historical-geographic perspective on the development of the transport and tourism industry, using the example of Brighton, which was one of the first resorts who developed the tourism. Furthermore, the essay will develop the importance of the railway, steamship, car and airline transportation for the international tourism. After predicting what the future may hold for the tourism and transport industry, the essay will conclude with a brief summary of the main points.'The socio-geographic development of tourism has been influenced by many elements but there are four factors that, it is argued, are especially important in understanding how and why the spatial patterns of activity have altered through time.' (Williams, 1998) One of those factors, and obviously the most important one, was the development of the transportation. As transport moves people from one place to another, it is clearly very important for the international tourism. The international tourism that exists today has its origins from the beginnings on the 19th century. In that time, the seaside areas became fashionable, such as Brighton which was extremely popular destination amongst the wealth people. However, the number of people who could have afford to travel to the seaside remained small because the travel was expensive and difficult, the roads were bad and the area was not easily accessible.Yet, in a very short time, the transport revolution took place and enabled large numbers of people to travel. One of the most significant elements of this revolution was the coming of the railways. This provided fast and reliable goods transport for Britain's burgeoning industry, as well as bringing travel to the masses.One of the primary effects of the railway was that it made Brighton accessible to a large number of people, including the middle class. The urban population started to grow when large numbers of people moved to the town to provide these visitors with food and entertainment. Between 1841 and 1871 the population of Brighton increased from 46,661 to 90,011, making it the fastest growing town in Britain. Brighton soon became the most popular...

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