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Trapped Inside Society Essay

4376 words - 18 pages

TRAPPED INSIDE SOCIETYOREVE - AN IMPROVED VERSION OF ADAMThis term paper will show to what a great extent society is influenced by men. I suggest that in Marsha Norman´s play "Getting Out"1 her protagonist Arlene would never have faced so many problems in life, let alone would have become criminal, if men did not possess such a great power over society. Men being in power throughout the world was certainly the worst thing that could ever have happened in human history, Arlene being a representative of all the women living and having lived on earth, even if a very extreme one. But in favor of men, I claim that men are not really guilty either because society has become autonomous and cannot be controlled anymore.The basis for my thesis is Gretchen Cline´s essay entitled "The Impossibility of Getting Out - The Psychopolitics of the family in Marsha Norman´s Getting Out"2 which contains feminist, psychoanalytic and existential frameworks to show Arlene Holsclaw´s oppression within a family that parallels the institutions that bind her. Cline herself uses Walter Davis´ theory of the "crypt"3 to analyze Arlene´s familial and the subsequent social scapegoating in order to show how women are shaped by a society in which the most moral institutions, such as family and religion, justify violation and oppression.The theory of the "crypt" suggests ways in which core family issues are bracketed by families or individuals. When a human being reaches the stage of the "ego", he or she has to suppress certain deep desires. According to Davis that is the very moment the psyche is born. What sets off this change is first of all humiliation inflicted by an Other. The human being who has been humiliated starts to envy the Other´s superiority and this envy (often identified with male domination) creates as a byproduct shame (often identified with female passivity) and later on a change which produces the psyche. This experience of humiliation as well as the process of bracketing core issues is lived through again and again until the individual is considered normal by society. In Cline´s opinion, the twofold character of Arlie/Arlene must be seen as two different dramatic moments in the process of feminization and these two contrasting moments reveal the price Arlene (and generally every single woman) has to pay for being a woman.1 Norman, Marsha. Getting Out in Four Plays: Marsha Norman. New York: Theatre CommunicationsGroup, 1988. 3 - 56.2 Cline, Gretchen. The Impossibility of Getting Out: The Psychopolitics of the Family in MarshaNorman´s Getting Out in Ginter Brown, Linda, ed. Marsha Norman: A Casebook. New York &London: Garland Publishing Inc., 1996. xi - xiv, 3 - 25.3 See Davis, Walter. Get the Guests: The Play of Aggression in Modern American Drama. Madison: Uof Wisconsin P, 1994.In her early childhood Arlie has suffered from sexual abuse by her father and subsequently she was neglected by her mother....

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