Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) shows empirical evidence to support its validity when counseling sexually abused children. The theory was designed to resolve post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive and anxiety symptoms. This model of psychotherapy is not only useful to children and adolescents but to a wide range of population, such as parents, and many persons suffering from mental illness. The methodology of CBT is specific and brief therapy that teaches a person to talk about emotion and thoughts and how they contribute to the person’s behavior. CBT uses Socratic questioning, self-reflection and problem-solving skills to eradicate undesired behaviors. Trauma-Focused can include Narrative Therapy to explore the traumatic event and is best delivered by creative, resourceful therapists who have developed close therapeutic alliances with their clients.
Cognitive Behavioral therapy has been vastly researched longitudinal, multiple studies have been replicated, and the empirical evidence being effectiveness when working with clients who have been sexually abused. Berliner, L., Cohen, J., Saywitz,, K., Mannarino, A. (2000) explain, CBT for childhood anxiety teaches coping skills and training for childhood depression, and parent management training based on “behavioral techniques and cognitive problem-solving training for externalizing behavior problems.” Person’s suffering from PTSD often show symptoms that target emotional or behavioral difficulties.
According to Harris and Pattison (2006) evidence suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy is effective with a range of anxiety problems and that it is superior to no treatment in the short and medium term. Group CBT is effective with children and adolescents across the range of anxiety problems (. Heyne D., King, N., Mullen, P., Myerson, N., Tonge, B., Rollings, S., Ollendick, & Thomas, H. (2003) concluded that there was significant short-term effect of cognitive behavioral therapy for depression. There is some evidence of a moderate effect for interpersonal therapy, non-directive supportive therapy and personal growth groups (Harris 2006). Many studies have proven that for clients who have endured sexual abuse, there is no treatment that is more effective than CBT.
Cognitive behavioral therapy has shown validity over decades of research and as time has moved on so too has CBT evolved. “Measures need to have different norms and different forms for children who differ in age, gender, vocabulary level, reading and writing ability, and socioeconomic status” (Berliner 2000). The model has incorporated many different styles and techniques adapting to the client’s needs. Feather and Ronan (2009) state, “The needs to be to help children develop skills to manage their symptoms, and to process trauma so that it is seen as a time-limited past event(s) that can be managed effectively by the child and their family/caregivers, coupled with a focus on current and...