Traumatic And Non Traumatic Brain Injuries

1628 words - 7 pages

There are two types of brain injuries, traumatic and non-traumatic. The traumatic brain Injury cause by External force likes automobile accident, industrial accident, fall, and violence; however, internal forces is the reason for non-traumatic brain injury like stroke, infection, brain tumor and so on. “Dizziness, headaches, poor concentration, reduced memory and fatigue are commonly recognized as part of the immediate post-trauma experience of individuals following TBI”(M. C. WESTCOTT1 & D. P. ALFANO2, 2005).
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common form of brain damage in especially male under 40. There is two type of TBI a close head and open head.
The open head injury happened when the skull is penetrated, like in gunshot when the fragment of bone penetrates the brain substance. Many people with the open brain injuries do not lose consciousness, therefor; they may go thought the rapid recovery.(Kolb,1999)
The close head injury, which result from blow to the head that subject a brain to different mechanical forces. After a blow there is damage to the area of the blow called coup. The brain is compacted by molding of the bone inward even if the skull is not fractured .the pressure on the brain at the time of the coup may force the brain to the opposite side of the skull which cause additional bruise and known as counter coup. The movement of the brain in the skull may cause shearing and twisting of the nerve fiber s producing the Microscopic lesion.
The close brain injuries usually followed by loss of consciousness. According to Lezak the duration of loss conciseness or the length of coma can use, as a measure of the severity of damage and it is correlate directly with mortality, intellectual impairment and deficit social skills. (Kolb, 1999)

The more the patient stay in coma the greater possibility of the serious impairment and death. The closed head injuries due to accident are server cause sudden direction change for head; as a result, increase the velocity of the impact and lot s of small lesion throughout the brain (Kolb,1999).
Chris, the person that I had interviewed with suffered form close head TBI. 10 years age when he left the party, he hit by SUV. He was in coma for couple of months. The Doctors told her mom that according to “coma scale “ chance of recovery for him is really low .At a time he was in “vegetative state”.
After a few days to weeks comatose patients will eventually open their eyes. At the point when this return of " wakefulness without awareness of self and environment” is joined by reflexive motor activity just, without any voluntary association with environment, the condition is known as a vegetative state, The vegetative state may be a move to further recovery or not. It could be diagnosed not long after a brain damage and might be incompletely or completely reversible or it may advancement to a lasting vegetative state or death( D.B., & , D.S.L. 2008).

Adjusting to the psychosocial results of traumatic...

Find Another Essay On Traumatic and Non Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic Brain Injury Essay

924 words - 4 pages Injury Stats Roughly 1.4 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury every year in the United States.1 Of these 1.4 million, 235,000 injuries are severe enough to require hospitalization—and 50,000 result in death. More than half (over 700,000) of all of these yearly brain injuries are from sports-related activities, falls, and physical assaults. In the year 2000, traumatic brain injury cost an estimated $60 billion in the United States

Traumatic Brain Injury Essay

1385 words - 6 pages Traumatic brain injury occurs when a person is hit in the head with a blunt force. This significant force to the head can happen playing recreational sports, on the playground, being in a car or motorcycle accident, falling down at home and your head impacting something, a blast or explosion. Traumatic brain injuries are also the leading cause of fatality rate and disability, especially in children, young adults and elderly. TBI is a

Traumatic Brain Injury

1409 words - 6 pages family members don’t understand what may have triggered that may outburst. The family members may think they did something to upset that person. TBI can also trigger aggressive behavior. According to Rao et al. (2009), Aggression is one of the most common consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). …Aggression may manifest as verbal and/or physical aggression, but it is unclear if differing expressions of aggression are distinct syndromes or if

Traumatic Brain Injury - 2103 words

2103 words - 8 pages : Morbidity and postacute treatment. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 72, 662-666.Dobbins, C., & Russell, E. W. (1990). Left temporal brain damage pattern on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46, 863-868.Ewing-Cobbs, L., & Fletcher, J. M. (1990). Neuropsychological assessment of traumatic brain injury in children. In E. D. Bigler (Ed.), Traumatic brain injury (pp. 107-128). Austin, TX: PRO

The Treatment and Diagnosing of Traumatic Brain Injury

2054 words - 8 pages treatment of our veterans is imperative during their tour and beyond. V. The attention to health will improve the well being of veterans. The Treatment and Diagnosing of the Battlefield Mild Traumatic Brain Injury The rapid objective methods in the diagnosing, evaluating, and follow up of the battlefield mild traumatic brain injury needs treatment standards. There are standards for the moderate to severe head injuries but none for the

Exploring Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

1743 words - 7 pages Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability among children and adolescents (Yeates, 2005). The Center for Disease and Control (2010) reported an estimated 1.7 million individuals sustaining TBI annually with 51% of these injuries occurring during periods of cerebral development. Children (0-4 years), older adolescents (15-19 years) and older adults (65+ years) are most likely to sustain TBI (CDC, 2010). Brain injuries

Recognizing Traumatic Brain Injury in Prisons

1468 words - 6 pages Introduction Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is defined as brain damage resulting from open of closed head trauma where the former refers to a penetrating injury often from gun shots while the latter refers to trauma arising from an injury caused by a blunt object. Some of the general causes of TBI include motor vehicle crashes, blasts such as those experienced by military personnel, concussions suffered during sports and recreational activities

Traumatic Brain Injury: Evaluating the Effects of Computer-based Cognitive Rehabilitation on Memory and Functional Communication

3039 words - 12 pages Outcome in Patients With Aphasic and Non-Aphasic Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 38(1), 68–71. doi:10.1080/16501970510041262 Department of Defense & Department of Veterans Affairs (2008). "Traumatic Brain Injury Task Force".http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/Sep08TBI.pdf Fager, S., Hux, K., Beukelman, D. R., & Karantounis, R. (2006). Augmentative and alternative communication use and acceptance by adults with

The Treatment and Diagnosing of the Battlefield Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

2096 words - 8 pages treatment of our veterans is imperative during their tour and beyond. V. The attention to health will improve the well-being of veterans. The Treatment and Diagnosing of the Battlefield Mild Traumatic Brain Injury The rapid objective methods in the diagnosing, evaluating, and follow up of the battlefield mild traumatic brain injury needs treatment standards. There are standards for the moderate to severe head injuries but none for the

Psychological Effects of Employment After Traumatic Brain Injury Objective and Subjective Indicators

5916 words - 24 pages Top of Form The Psychological Effects of Employment After Traumatic Brain Injury Objective and Subjective Indicators Author: Tsaousides, Theodore; Ashman, Teresa Seter, Colette Source: Rehabilitation Psychology November 2008 Vol. 53, No. 4, 456-463 ISSN: 0090-5550 Number: rep534456 Copyright: 2008 American Psychological Association Gainful employment is an area of significant loss for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Reported

"The Road to Recovery" Process analysis research paper about 'how to recover from a traumatic brain injury'

1977 words - 8 pages Small StepsJust as no two people are exactly the same; no two traumatic brain injuries can be faithfully identical either. The process of recovery is difficult to predict since each individual's road to recovery is diverse and challenging. However, by staying informed, following an approved multi-step process, and remaining committed to the right rehabilitation team, families can help optimize the condition of their loved one's life. Every year

Similar Essays

Traumatic Brain Injuries And Sport Essay

2623 words - 11 pages the the issues and sports leagues cannot expect a quick fix for the brain injury issue. While contact sports create a more conducive environment for head injuries, traumatic brain injuries are not restricted to contact sports. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons reported 16,948 incidences of traumatic brain injury in American emergency rooms from winter sports (CITE). Cycling, a non-contact sport, topped the list in 2009 for

Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay

1148 words - 5 pages Traumatic Brain InjuryPamela S. Long, RNUniversity of PhoenixBSN.06-05.BSN183C-NUR425June 24, 2003Brain TraumaTraumatic injuries are the leading cause of death in the United States for people ages 1-34. Head injuries are among the most frequent and serious causes of neurological impairment or death for adolescents and young adults, ages 15 to 24, and the elderly, 65 years and older (CDC, 2003). Approximately 1.5 million Americans sustain a

Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay

1122 words - 4 pages The article that I chose, A long road back, is about the many service members of the U.S. armed forces who have experienced traumatic brain injuries, and how they are being diagnosed and treated. This traumactic brain injury or TBI has been labeled as the “signature injury” of the Iraq war. A TBI occurs when physical trauma injures the brain that causes a variety of symptoms. These injuries that are caused are most commonly caused by the

Traumatic Brain Injury Essay 1915 Words

1915 words - 8 pages experience is ever truly forgotten,” and so on. But what happens to the brain when it is injured? Let us begin with an explanation of what we mean by traumatic brain injury, with the understanding that the definition itself is a difficult undertaking. According to Traumatic•Brain•Injury.com the definition can be stated as follows – “Traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, is most often an acute event similar to other injuries. However, a