There are two types of brain injuries, traumatic and non-traumatic. The traumatic brain Injury cause by External force likes automobile accident, industrial accident, fall, and violence; however, internal forces is the reason for non-traumatic brain injury like stroke, infection, brain tumor and so on. “Dizziness, headaches, poor concentration, reduced memory and fatigue are commonly recognized as part of the immediate post-trauma experience of individuals following TBI”(M. C. WESTCOTT1 & D. P. ALFANO2, 2005).
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common form of brain damage in especially male under 40. There is two type of TBI a close head and open head.
The open head injury happened when the skull is penetrated, like in gunshot when the fragment of bone penetrates the brain substance. Many people with the open brain injuries do not lose consciousness, therefor; they may go thought the rapid recovery.(Kolb,1999)
The close head injury, which result from blow to the head that subject a brain to different mechanical forces. After a blow there is damage to the area of the blow called coup. The brain is compacted by molding of the bone inward even if the skull is not fractured .the pressure on the brain at the time of the coup may force the brain to the opposite side of the skull which cause additional bruise and known as counter coup. The movement of the brain in the skull may cause shearing and twisting of the nerve fiber s producing the Microscopic lesion.
The close brain injuries usually followed by loss of consciousness. According to Lezak the duration of loss conciseness or the length of coma can use, as a measure of the severity of damage and it is correlate directly with mortality, intellectual impairment and deficit social skills. (Kolb, 1999)
The more the patient stay in coma the greater possibility of the serious impairment and death. The closed head injuries due to accident are server cause sudden direction change for head; as a result, increase the velocity of the impact and lot s of small lesion throughout the brain (Kolb,1999).
Chris, the person that I had interviewed with suffered form close head TBI. 10 years age when he left the party, he hit by SUV. He was in coma for couple of months. The Doctors told her mom that according to “coma scale “ chance of recovery for him is really low .At a time he was in “vegetative state”.
After a few days to weeks comatose patients will eventually open their eyes. At the point when this return of " wakefulness without awareness of self and environment” is joined by reflexive motor activity just, without any voluntary association with environment, the condition is known as a vegetative state, The vegetative state may be a move to further recovery or not. It could be diagnosed not long after a brain damage and might be incompletely or completely reversible or it may advancement to a lasting vegetative state or death( D.B., & , D.S.L. 2008).
Adjusting to the psychosocial results of traumatic...