Traumatic brain injury occurs when a person is hit in the head with a blunt force. This significant force to the head can happen playing recreational sports, on the playground, being in a car or motorcycle accident, falling down at home and your head impacting something, a blast or explosion. Traumatic brain injuries are also the leading cause of fatality rate and disability, especially in children, young adults and elderly. TBI is a devastating condition that affects millions of people nationwide, because it can affect the nervous system permanently, it also messes with the neurological, musculoskeletal, cognitive and much more. TBI force a family to deal with not just the physical disability, with the behavioral and emotional roller coaster that one’s love one displays, especially when it comes to work, social, and family obligations. TBI causes changes in the patient’s ability to think, controlling their emotions, the way they walk and speak, and sometimes it affects their sight and hearing.
Traumatic brain injury ranges from mild to severe. A mild TBI is when a person loses consciousness. Severe TBI is when a person is unconscious for a long period of time and cause some memory loss about an event. Some individuals who suffer the effects of TBI can get better on their own and may not show any signs after some months has passed, others may have immediately signs, minimize the symptoms thinking that it will disappear in a couple of hours. It is important to seek professional help if symptoms of anxious, easily frustrated, feeling irritated or angered all the time, having trouble concentrating, focusing or remembering. If the symptoms go untreated it makes it worse and it can affect the life and how a personal interaction with others. Just a couple of months ago there was an unexpected death of a former Pro Bowl NFL linebacker Junior Seau who committed suicide due to the impact of traumatic brain injuries. There were others before him like Terry Long, Andre Waters and Dave Duerson all of them exhibited some symptoms after receiving a concussion but was ignored or misdiagnose. Just a couple of days ago there was a young woman who had a brain injury in the fall and that she began show signs of depression and develop other issue that had her to act out of character. Despite all that we hear in the media or the disturbing images we see about those who suffer with traumatic brain injury it still does not reregister in peoples' minds. It is time for all American to take notice of this injury that affect so many people and stop saying that it only happen to those who play sports or are in the armed forces because if we don’t we will continue to discover more people committing suicide.
A systematic review of the literature
Awareness about traumatic brain injury has increased because of combat operations in Irag and Afghanistan and in the National Football League. The debate over the nature of traumatic brain injury is...