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Treatment Of End Of Life Vehicles Essay

4265 words - 17 pages

AbstractThe European Union has made producers responsible for recycling ELVs while the US lack an all-inclusive legislation in this area. ELVs today are a very highly recycled product. They are dismantled and shredded. Useful components like reusable parts and metals are reused or recycled while the non-metallic shredder residue is usually landfilled. The environmental impact of ELVs is manly due to resources lost when shredder residue is landfilled and to emissions of hazardous substances to the environment. The economics in the ELV management primarily depend on the value of the ELV, the costs of processing and disposal, and the value of the recovered materials.1. Introduction1.1 PurposeThe purpose of this essay is to study the treatment of end-of-life vehicles with regard to resource recovery. The legislation, environmental impact, material flows and economics are considered.1.2 MethodInformation was searched in different publications. To get a wider perspective on the legislation a comparison between the EU and the US was made.1.3 BackgroundThere were over 600 million motor vehicles in the world on 1997 and if present trends continue, the number of cars on Earth will double in the next 20 years. On the other hand the average age of vehicles is decreasing so the amount of End-of-life vehicles should increase.ELVs are already one of the most highly recycled consumer products. The composition of a typical car has changed substantially in recent years. For example, ferrous metal content has decreased significantly as lighter and more fuel-efficient materials such as plastics are incorporated into vehicle design.2. Legislation2.1 European UnionThe EU Directive 2000/53/EC of the European parliament and of the council directs how the national legislations in the European Union treat end of life vehicles. The principal features of the Directive are stated below. (EU Directive 2000/53/EC)2.1.1 ObjectivesThe objectives of the Directive are the prevention of waste from vehicles and the reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery of end-of-life vehicles and their components. This aims at minimizing the disposal of waste and improving the environmental performance of all economic operators involved in vehicle life cycle.2.1.2 PreventionVehicle manufacturers are to limit the use of hazardous substances, already at the conception phase. The vehicles should be designed for reuse, dismantling and recovery, especially recycling, and the manufacturers should integrate an increasing quantity of recycled material into the cars to develop the market for recycled products. Vehicles put on the market after July 1st 2003 may not contain lead, mercury, cadmium or hexavalent chromium other than in certain listed cases.2.1.3 CollectionEconomic operators should set up systems for the collection of ELVs and their parts, and the member states should set up systems for the formal deregistration of vehicles. The last owner of a car should not have to pay for the delivery of...

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