Treatment Of Hiv In West Africa.

1185 words - 5 pages

West Africa is universally known as one of the poorest regions in Africa. The people in this area are steeped in traditional ways and are prone to using traditional method of treating disease with insurgence of HIV in this region. The key to control the disease is embedded in educating the people about the disease and the medical options used to treat and control the disease in order to lessen the impact of the disease.People with advanced HIV infections are vulnerable to infection and malignancies that are called opportunistic infection because they take advantage of the opportunity offered by our weakened immune system. Highly active anti-retro virus therapy (HAART) can reduce the amount of HIV in someone's body and restore the immune system. The introduction of HAART has dramatically reduced the incidence of opportunistic infection among HIV possible people who have received these drugs. Yet the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections remain essential. Providing prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections, not only to help HIV positive people to live longer, healthier lives, it can also prevent Tuberculosis (TB) and other transmissible opportunistic infections from spreading among the population.West Africa, the poorest region in the world is preparing to treat 400,000 HIV positive individuals with anti-retro viral therapy within the next three years. Combination anti-retro viral therapy (HAART) has helped prolong the life of many HIV positive individuals and has delayed the progression of full blown AIDS. The challenge clinician is choosing the right drug combination for each individual. One draw back to the use is that the associated side effects that may increase the risk of other illnesses such as heart disease.According to "Atazanavir also knows as Reyataz, is a type of anti-retro viral medicine called a protease inhibitor (PI). These medicines block protease, a protein that HIV needs to make more copies of itself." This medicine doesn't cure or prevent HIV infection or AIDS and does not reduce the risk of passing the virus to others. Atazanavir comes in capsule form and is taken once a day with food. The recommended dosage of Atazanavir is 400 mg (two capsules) once a day. The dose is decreased for patients with decreased liver function. Individuals should tell a doctor about any medical problems before taking this medicine because they may experience some serious side effects such as yellowing of the eyes or skin, change in heart rhythm, diabetes, rash, stomach pain, depression, insomnia and back pain. This drug is manufactured by Bristol Myers Squibb. The goal of antiviral therapy is to disable HIV replication.The second of the three primary approaches to treat HIV is immune boosting therapy. Even if someone shows the symptoms of the disease (asymptomatic) it is extremely important to get medical care to start boosting the immune system as soon as possible after HIV status is known. Treatment should...

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