Treatments For Leukemia Essay

1228 words - 5 pages

Leukemia, a dangerous cancer but so many possible treatments to cure it. They all are incurable, but they can all be treated by five types of therapies and a certain types of blood transplant. The possible treatments are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell therapy, immunotherapy, and bone marrow transplants. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy require the use of radioactive substances to kill or stop the growth of the cancer cells in a persons body. Stem cell therapy requires the use of another person’s stem cells, platelets, and/or bone marrow. Immunotherapy uses certain parts of a persons immune system to fight off diseases like cancer.

A patient has the choice of ...view middle of the document...

Some possible side effects may include headache, chills, flushing, myalgia, wheezing, tachycardia, lower back pain, nausea and hypotension. Injection is where the oncologist pushes chemotherapy through a syringe directly into the IV which pushes it directly into the bloodstream. Some possible side effects may include but are not limited to decreased urination, difficult or labored breathing, dizziness, dry mouth, fainting, and fever. Lumbar punctures are insertion of needle into spinal cord: the insertion of a needle between two lumbar vertebrae into the spinal cord in order to obtain a sample of cerebrospinal fluid for diagnosis or to introduce medication. Some side effects are seizures, minor nerve injury, spinal or epidural bleeding, spinal cord or spinal nerve roots injury, and paraplegia or paralysis of the lower half of the body.

There are three possible radiation treatments for leukemia. The first is an external beam radiation, followed by internal beam radiation, and systemic radiation. External beam radiation is an outside machine using photon beams to target the cancer. It can also be used to treat large parts of the body. Patients go into an outpatient clinic every day for several weeks to receive treatment. Internal beam radiation or brachytherapy is a source of radiation put near the area of treatment. Patients are given a high dose of treatment in a small amount of time. Systemic radiation is done by giving the patient radiopharmaceuticals either by IV or taken orally to travel through the body and kill the cancer cells. Side effects for all radiations may include the damage healthy cells and tissues, becoming very tired, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite. For brachytherapy there are some extra side effects that may include a higher amount of radiation left in the body, which may require the patient to stay in a quarantine room for a period of time.

Stem cell treatments are very high doses of chemo, often along with radiation therapy, to try to destroy all the cancer cells. This treatment also kills the stem cells in the bone marrow. Soon after treatment, stem cells are given to replace those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given into a vein, much like a blood transfusion. Over time they settle in the bone marrow and begin to grow and make healthy blood cells. This process is called engraftment. Side effects of stem cell transplants may include the suppression of the bone marrow: white blood cell, red blood cell, and platelet counts will drop very low There is a risk of infection and the need to use antibiotics will be required.

Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses certain parts of a persons immune system to fight off infections like cancer. It helps stimulate the immune system to work or fight smarter. Patients can be given man-made immune system proteins to help stimulate the strength of the immune...

Find Another Essay On Treatments for Leukemia

Description of leukimia Essay

1151 words - 5 pages Lymphome Society). Other symptoms that also might occur are pale complexion from anaemia, swollen gums, loss appetite and loss weight, discomfort in bones or joints, and also enlarged spleen and liver (Leukimia and Lymphoma Society). There are several treatments for several types of leukemia. Such as, acute leukemia can be treated simultaneously with heparin and with induction chemotherapy according to Cunningham and his colleagues (1989

Leukemia Essay

1985 words - 8 pages serious disease and patients often have a hard time looking forward to the future; however, specialists are working hard to find a cure. They are conducting many clinical trials which may help them find a cure for leukemia and all cancers as well. The most important thing is to never lose hope. Doctors and specialists will keep working and researching until they find the cure.Works Cited"Information on Leukemia Symptoms, Causes and Treatments- Fact

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Deadly Cancer

1746 words - 7 pages result of a shortage of normal blood cells. That's because leukemia cells crowd out these normal cells in the bone marrow according to Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Survival, Treatments, and More. Some treatments include biological therapy, chemotherapy, radiation, and bone marrow transplant. “Biological therapy uses substances that bolster your immune system's response to cancer. Chemotherapy is the major form of treatment for leukemia

Leukemia and Its Treatment

840 words - 3 pages breakthrough drug intended for CML. Kills cancerous cells only. It does not harm healthy cells. It interferes with how CML works at a molecular level so far, the side effects of the drug is not severe. It can cause nausea and some abnormal problems and skin rash.( health a to z, 20)      In conclusion I have explained what leukemia is and the treatments that you can chose from like chemotherapy, radiation, bone marrow transplant, apheresis fro stem cell transplant, biological therapy, and molecular targeting. I hope with all this information I have provided you know and understand more about what leukemia is and it’s treatments.

Leukemia 2 Leukemia In the last 40-50 years science has

1115 words - 4 pages . The four are as follows: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).Researchers continue to do this in an attempt to answer the following questions: 1. What is Leukemia? 2. What are the causes of leukemia? 3. Who is at risk of developing leukemia? 4. What are the treatments for it? What is Leukemia? Leukemia, as stated, is any one of over 100 forms of cancer

Leukemia: Treatment Through Biological Therapy and Chemotherapy

1138 words - 5 pages Leukemia is cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, such as the bone marrow and the lymphatic system, and causes large amounts of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood stream (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Unlike normal blood cells, leukemia cells don’t die when they become old or damaged. Because of this, leukemia cells can build up and crowd out the normal blood cells making it harder for the body to get oxygen to the tissues

What Is Leukemia?

2126 words - 9 pages by blocking the rapid growth of white blood cells. This shows a new strategy in fighting one type of leukemia. (Health Publications par. 6) Since leukemia has no cure, there are treatments that help reduces the effectiveness of leukemia. Chemotherapy is one of the treatments for leukemia. Chemotherapy is a drug used to kill cancer cells because of the rapid growth rate of cancer cells. It works by interfering with mitosis and affects all fast

Leukemia

1285 words - 5 pages treatment takes place 5 days a week for several weeks. The machine that is used for radiotherapy is aimed at the part of the body where the leukemia cells have gathered, and in some occasions, the radiation is directed to the whole body. Once or twice the radiation treatments are given, depending on each patient. Just as the other treatments, radiotherapy has it side effects. The skin may become red, dry and tender in the area being treated, and

DNA electropherises

989 words - 4 pages Leukemia is very complex. Treatments are tailored to fit each patient's needs. The treatment depends on the type of the cancer and features of the cells. It also depends on the patient's age, symptoms, and general health. Acute Leukemia must be treated immediately. The goal of treatment is to get the cancer into remission. Many people with Leukemia may be cured. To be considered cured, you must be cancer free for at least five years. This time

Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment

1059 words - 4 pages blood cell being affected; Lymphocytic (affecting the Lymphocytes) and Myeloid (affecting the Myelocytes). This gives us four types of Leukemia; Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (peak prevalence between the ages of 2-9years). (Almeida & Barry, 2010) Treatments New treatments are being discovered yearly and are constantly being improved. The treatment for Leukemia depends

cancer

1479 words - 6 pages can now grow and form new tumours that replace normal tissue.Cures or TreatmentsAlthough there is no known cure for Leukemia, there are still many treatments that can help slow down the process of the disease. Treatment decisions for Leukemia are based on the type of Leukemia, the person's age, chromosomal abnormalities, and the person's overall health. In the 1940s and 1950s the only available treatment for Leukemia was single agent chemotherapy

Similar Essays

Taking A Closer Look At Leukemia

1197 words - 5 pages infections. If leukemia spreads to the lymph nodes or other organs, it could cause swelling and pain. (“Leukemia Cells”) Special tests can help identify the abnormal cells. (“Diagnosing”) Leukemia was uncovered by a German biologist Rudolf Virchow in 1845. Virchow first referred to leukemia as Weisses Blut, german for white blood. A couple of years later, he suggested leukemia as the new name. Leukemia came from two Greek words that refers to

Cardiovascular System: Leukemia Cancer (Cancer Of The Blood)

1257 words - 6 pages exposures, and smoking also have been linked to elevated risk. For acute lymphocytic leukemia in children, their exposure to ionizing radiation and a parent's exposure to pesticides and other chemicals may increase risk” (Leukemia and the Environment). To prevent leukemia patients should not smoke and avoiding being exposed to radiation. Treatments for leukemia cancer depend on the stage of the cancer and the type of leukemia cancer that is

Leukemia Essay

1653 words - 7 pages the cause is unknown there is no prevention method against leukemia therefore if symptoms are presented the patient should elaborate medical tests immediately because as all types of cancer leukemia is only treatable when diagnosed in its early stages. The main treatments for leukemia are : * Chemotherapy – is a treatment in which large dosis of chemical substances are taken regularly by the patient in order to

Leukemia Treatment Options Essay

724 words - 3 pages . The doctor prescribes chemotherapy pills and a monthly intravenous treatment for the patient. This activity often carries on up to 3 years; however, the individual may resume their daily activities. Conclusion In the event that there are no symptoms of leukemia for a period of 5 years, an individual is often considered cured. On the contrary, if the person depicts the slightest signs of leukemia, he is subjected to more chemotherapy sessions. In most situations a stem cell transplant or joining a clinical trial for new treatments would be a better option.