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Treatments Of Substance Disorders Essay

1548 words - 7 pages

In 2012, an estimated 23.9 million Americans aged 12 or older were labeled as current illicit drug users, and a little more than half of Americans aged 12 or older were reported being current drinkers of alcohol (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration). That same year “an estimated 22.2 million persons aged 12 or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year based on criteria specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV)” (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration). There are many effective ways to treat an individual with substance abuse and substance dependency. This paper is going to define substance-related disorders, describe different methods of treatment, and discuss possible music activities and interventions that would benefit those struggling with addiction.
According to the DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, substance related disorders are categorized by substance abuse and substance dependence. “Substance abuse involves persistent use of a substance, which leads to problems in the user’s life, though discontinuing the use does not result in physical withdrawal symptoms” (Ghetti, 2004, p. 84-85). Substance dependency is a maladaptive pattern of substance use that develops a tolerance to the substance, causing problems and significant distress over a 12-month period with users often experiencing withdrawal symptoms, such as abnormal heart rate, agitation, nausea, abnormal blood pressure, hallucinations, disordered mood, or poor social interaction, when the substance is decreased or stopped (Davis, Gfeller, Thaut, 2008, p. 221-222). It is labeled as a substance abuse disorder when the behavior continues in despite of the consequences. These consequences of substance abuse vary as much as the underlying conditions that motivate the use within each individual user. Ghetti acknowledges that “various bio-psycho-social factors contribute to substance use problems, and that treatment must address the gamut of these underlying casual factors while simultaneously addressing the current behaviors that need modification” (Ghetti, 2004, p. 86). Substance related disorders are defined as disorders involving the consumption of drugs or alcohol despite the consequences present; however, the underlying reasons behind the abuse may vary from person to person.
There are many different types of treatments for substance abuse and substance dependency. Some treatments include “group, family, and marital therapy (in which social, familial, and emotional factors contributing to use are explored and expressed); behavioral therapy; detoxification and inpatient treatment; pharmacological interventions; and self help groups” (Davis, Gfeller, Thaut, 2008, p. 222). “Cognitive-behavioral therapy is designed to help the clients replace undesirable, irrational thinking with healthier cognitive patterns” (Davis, Gfeller, Thaut, 2008, p. 470). This is considered an...

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