Treaty Between Bolivia And Chile Essay

1839 words - 7 pages

Today's global situation is one diametrically different form that of a century ago, the politics and economics of globalization have driven the world to mold into regional blocs of interests and interdependence among nations, which has unequivocally traduced in these last years, in that no conflict between nations falls "beyond the reach of the International Community" (Calvert, 76), especially if it poses a threat to the existent peace milieu, principally in the south American region.The following analysis will attempt to objectify the boundary conflict between Bolivia and Chile. Although the Bolivian claim of right to access coasts that have been lost to Chile for more than one hundred years, the new ideals of continental integration and the desire to create more solid routes of economic channels, Bolivian claims of sovereign access to the Pacific have gained steam in International Forums. The repercussions of access to the Pacific, by Bolivia, would be momentous not only for this severely underdeveloped nation but also to international law as it makes way for greater cooperation and understanding amongst brother nations.Prior to the 20th century the Bolivian territory extended to the Pacific and included most of the coast of the Atacama Desert and the port of Antofagasta. The discovery of rich nitrate deposits in the Atacama desert and rising border tensions led the outbreak of war between Chile and Bolivia (1879-1883) (Querejazu) Chile's victory in this war resulted in Bolivia's loss of its outlet to the Pacific (400 km of coastline), along with 158.000 sq. km. of territory (Perez del Castillo, 12). Efforts, mainly political, to regain some outlet to the sea failed. And a revision of the resulting treaty, after the war, (Tratado de Paz y Amistad y Límites) that has existed since the year 1904, has been requested by Bolivia on the grounds that it was signed under the woe of force, and therefore lacks legitimacy (Perez de Castillo, 13). Chiles' reluctance to discuss sovereignty with Bolivia over its lost coastline has proven to be not so much a failure of bilateral relations, given the diplomatic silence between the two nations but a conflict were the pressure from International Community failed to reaching beyond the conventional boundaries of statehood.Brief HistoryWhen the time came for the Andean nations to claim their sovereignty, new territorial circumscriptions for emerging states where based on the "Uti Possidetis Juris of 1810" principle, irrefutable foundation of the American International Public Law (Aravena, 3). By definition this principle is the basis of a treaty which leaves belligerents mutually in possession of what they have acquired by their arms during the war (Goertz, 56). A type of veto arranged to one who was in possession of an immovable thing, in order that he might be declared the legal possessor (Goertz, 57). This assertion could be made on the basis that prior to the occupation of Bolivian coasts Chile had...

Find Another Essay On Treaty between Bolivia and Chile

Bolivian History and Culture This report was assigned for the purpose of learning about Bolivia's complex history and diverse culture.

1492 words - 6 pages (Weil, 135).The culture of Bolivia is very diverse and complex. The various social classes each have their own beliefs and values resulting in little or no understanding or respect for each other. The predominantly Indian population has its own distinction of culture among the thirty-six different sects. There is very little common ground to bridge the difference between the aristocratic whites of Spanish decent and the indigenous, subsistence

Free Trade in South America: Mercosur and Other Groups

1643 words - 7 pages was created, the Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA) was established. This association was a free trade area that bridged the gap in between Central America and South America. The countries that made up LAFTA were Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. LAFTA was made official of the 1960 Treaty of Montevideo, signed in January of 1962, two years after CACM was established. The goal of the treaty was to create a

Regional Economy of South America

866 words - 3 pages , and invasions.Some major cities of South America are Buenos Aires, Córdoba, La Matanza (Argentina), La Pas (Bolivia), São Pauol, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Brasília (Brazil), Gran Santiago (Chile), Bogata, Cali, Medellín (Columbia), and Guayaquil, Quito (Ecuador), (Dowling, 2002).An increasing number of South American industrial centers have developed heavy industries to supplement the light industries on which they

Bolivia

558 words - 2 pages in the War of the Pacific, which it fought with Bolivia between 1879 and 1884. Chile triumphed, securing 850km (527mi) of coastline and robbing Bolivia of the port of Antofagasta, leaving the country landlocked. Soon after, Peru, Brazil and Argentina also began hacking away at Bolivia's borders. In 1932, a border dispute with Paraguay in the Chaco region over oil deposits stripped Bolivia of further land. The ensuing Chaco War (1932-35) also

The United States and Latin America

2504 words - 10 pages the three years of Allende’s presidency, the US employed a vast arsenal of overt and covert policy against Allende. While it is reasonable for the US to oppose the uncompensated wholesale expropriation of US interests (mainly copper and telecommunications), it did not necessitate the overthrow of the democratic government of Chile in place for a tyrannical caudillo regime. Instead, a similar arbitration as we saw in Bolivia could have been

Bolivia

1383 words - 6 pages Bolivia Bolivia is located in the west-central part of South America and is the fifth largest country of the continent having an area about twice the size of Spain. Bolivia is landlocked bordering five countries; Brazil on the northeast, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina on the south, and Chile and Peru on the west. The main physical feature of Bolivia is the Andes Mountains, which define the country's three geographic zones

Impact of the Great Depression on Chile and Peru

1690 words - 7 pages Depression adversely affected the economy and politics of both Chile and Peru in the 1930s, its effects were longer-lasting and more severe in Chile than in Peru. By the mid-nineteenth century, Chile had become a major leading producer of copper, and the Chilean defeat of Peru and Bolivia in the War of the Pacific in the late nineteenth century resulted in the conquest of additional nitrate mines. Through the exports of its copper and nitrates

Questions and Answers about Baggages

2635 words - 11 pages /Bolivia/Peru/Paraguay/Uruguay/ on Economy Class 20 kg., Club Economy 30 kg Flights between Argentina and Colombia Economy Class 30 kg. and on Club Condor: 40 kg. Flights between the rest of South America and Europe Economy Class 32 kg. and on Club Condor: 40 kg. For flights between Argentina/Uruguay Paraguay Chile/Bolivia/Venezuela/Colombia/Peru and Rome/Madrid/Barcelona the Piece Concept applies. Piece Concept: Flights Between Economical Club

What is the FTAA and How Does It Affect Me?

968 words - 4 pages In order to strengthen the economy of America, the FTAA, the Free Trade Areas of the Americas was created. 34 nations are working together to improve the trade laws and regulations. Joining the United States with this goal was: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica

Slavery in Latin America

4556 words - 18 pages material progress. The war of 1866 between Peru and Spain involved Chile and led the republic to fortify its coast and build a navy. Chileans obtained the right to work the nitrate fields in the Atacama, which then belonged to Bolivia. Trouble over the concessions led in 1879 to open war (see Pacific, War of the). Chile was the victor and added valuable territories taken from Bolivia and Peru; a long-standing quarrel also ensued, the Tacna-Arica

Comprehensive Environmental Analysis Outline

1954 words - 8 pages terrorism (2006). The relationship between Chile and Bolivia has been strained for years over a sea access issue. Likelihood of this strained relationship resulting in military conflict is very low. Labor unions have increased in size and influence in recent years; yet, the risk for violent strikes remains low as well. Terrorism has not been an issue since the restore of democratic rule in 1981.Region AnalysisChile is part of the Latin American

Similar Essays

Comparison Between Management Styles Of Bolivia And Slovakia.

3123 words - 12 pages workers is evident when examining Bolivia and Slovakia. Situated on different continents, with extremely different histories and values, the management style differs greatly between the two countries. However, curiously, they also possess a few similarities. Both countries have recently entered into programmes of macroeconomic stabilization, which has affected the preferred styles of management.Bolivia broke away from Spanish rule in 1825, and has a

World War I The Legue Of Nations Under The Treaty Of Versailles (1919) And The Political Dispute Between President Wilson And The United States Senate.

707 words - 3 pages nations would be protected under the League of Nations. President Wilson signed the Treaty of Versailles and supported it once he came home from the Peace Conference and up until his death.However, the United States Senate greatly opposed the League and a political dispute erupted between President Wilson and the Senate. The Senate consisted of a Republican majority and the Senate needed to approve the Treaty by a two-thirds vote. Two Senators that

Boundary Conflicts Of The 1904 Treaty

1438 words - 6 pages gravitation and presence of Bolivia on the Pacific Ocean, and has unequivocally created a situation of latent tension that is, among other things, manifest by the present rupture of relations between Bolivia and Chile since the mid-seventies. Therefore the existence of factors of bilateral tension, are in my opinion derivative of a situation maintained and imposed by force. Under key principles of International law, the Treaty of 1904 signed between

Chile And Peru Tacna Arica And Us Involvement

1111 words - 4 pages The war of the Pacific was ended by two different international agreements which changed the limits among the three countries involved (Map 1.) In October, 1883, Peruvian and Chilean representatives signed the Treaty of Ancon, by which Chile incorporated the Tarapaca province. On the other hand, the final treaty of peace and boundaries with Bolivia was signed in 1904, two decades later. By this treaty Bolivia ratified the Chilean sovereignty