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Treaty Resulting In Another Huge War

1299 words - 6 pages

The treaty of Versailles, written in Paris Peace Conference by four allied nations, contributed to the culmination of World War I between Germany and those four nations, which were United States, France, Great Britain and Italy. Even though the purpose of the treaty was to prevent further conflict and war, it, in fact, failed to treat all nations justifiably, including the losers of the war (Germany), because it mandated Germany to solely compensate for the loss and damages caused by the war. The restrictions treated Germany like a colony and eventually led to the decrease of German military forces, financial bankruptcy caused by excessive reparation and the rise of Nazis which triggered ...view middle of the document...

However, the majority of Germans believed that the treaty was unfair in essence because the fact that the rest of the countries did not disarm their military forces could not maintain the peace and overall make them feel cheated by armistices which insulted their army and country itself, thereby contributing to the growth of hatred among Germans. Ultimately, though the overall purpose of the treaty was to maintain the peace within Europe, the idea that four nations stipulated Germany to weaken its military force actually led to the hatred of German towards them.
In addition to military damages, Germany experienced serious economic depression as a result of the treaty. Since the military force was restricted, the export and import of weapons were prohibited (4), indicating that manufacture of weapons would be also affected in that the number of weapons which were supposed to be sent to overseas might diminish and earning of foreign currency would be completely prohibited as well. When it comes to the export and import of the general materials, there were several limitations on trade and duties since she was “allowed to import but not to export” and four nations limited the “duties that Germany could impose on their imports” (6). Because of these unfair rules, Germany was incapable of making money “needed to import raw materials for its industry or to import the food it needed to feed its [citizens]” (6). Moreover, according to the article 45 which states that Germany was totally responsible for causing the war and had to compensate for damages, Germany lost privileges to take control of the coal mines of the Saar area as she agreed to give it to France in order to compensate for damages of the coal mines in the northern France (5). As a result, Germany was said to lose “twenty seven percent of its hard coal production” due to loss of coal-producing region, and since the part of the territory was lost, the loss of iron resources by 48% and the decrease of its agricultural production by 15% inevitably followed (6). Most importantly, with lack of resources, especially coal and steel, railroad, utilities and fuel were all affected, resulting in the state of deadlock in industry.
Nevertheless, the most significant economic damage to Germany was to accept full “responsibility” for causing the war (7). According to the clause 231, Germany was responsible for all the damages done on World War I countries; thus it had to pay reparations of £6,600 million, the majority of which would be accepted by France and Belgium to fix the “damages done to the infrastructure of both countries by the war” (8). Not only the amount of reparations was too burdened for Germany to pay, but also the destruction of industry that worsened economic conditions of Germany made it difficult to pay reparations. Germany tried to pay back by providing industrial...

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