Trends In Social Network Analysis

822 words - 3 pages

The notion of a social network--a set or sets of relationships among individuals, groups, organizations, countries, or other kinds of social entities--is certainly not a new concept in sociology or, for that matter, in any of the other social sciences. Earlier applications of the idea that individuals or organizations were linked to one another through kinship, friendship, trade agreements, or other types of relations ranged from the broadly conceptual to the mathematically explicit. Such work, for example, explored the relational properties of individual actors within these networks noting that certain actors (i.e., individuals or organizations) tended to be centrally located (e.g., have many strong or intense relations), possibly denoting power, prestige, or control. At the other extreme, actors who are less well connected to others in a network, or who are isolated, may be deviant, antisocial, or socially marginal. This center-periphery notion, for example, has been used to study small-group performance, the diffusion of innovations, support mobilization, community elites, voting behavior, and the role of social support in enhancing mental and physical well-being.Recently, there have been important methodological and theoretical developments in the area of social network analysis that complement some of the more classical ideas concerning "status," "role," "social identity," and "action," discussed by theorists such as Linton (1936), Merton (1957), Nadel (1957), and Parsons (1951). The following is an example of how these recent network theories are becoming applied in solving a theoretical dilemma in research on the diffusion of innovations.Networks and the Diffusion of InnovationsOver the last fifty years a great deal of research has concentrated on innovation diffusion or the adoption of new technologies among, for example, farmers, fishermen, and corporations within an industry. This research has produced a vast array of hypotheses-often conflicting--concerning who will adopt a new technology and when. To a large extent, the proliferation of competing theories is partly attributable to a preoccupation with atomistic or individualistic determinants of adoption behavior. Many of these studies viewed innovation adoption as a simple matter of the individual attributes of the adopter, basically ignoring the combined influences of other actors in the system upon an individual's decision to adopt. Based on this premise an individual would adopt an innovation because, for example, he or she had more education, read more books, or made frequent trips to a metropolitan area. These ideas ignored the fact that other actors in the system played an instrumental...

Find Another Essay On Trends in Social Network Analysis

The Rhetorical Analysis of “Youthful Indiscretions: Should Colleges Protect Social Network Users from Themselves and Others?”

946 words - 4 pages The article “Youthful Indiscretions: Should Colleges Protect Social Network Users from Themselves and Others?” is written by Dana L. Fleming and appears in the winter 2008 issue of the New England Journal of Higher Education. Fleming’s objective with this article is to show college students the dangers of social networking sites, and at the same time she is advising parents on the social networking world. In this article she is giving us a

Soft Power Revolution: An Analysis of Social Media and Non-Violent Activism in the New Era

1583 words - 6 pages parallels to the current ‘Arab Spring.’ This paper will analyze York’s documentary, Bringing Down a Dictator in the terms of nonviolent theory and peaceful social revolution. Following, the role of the information revolution, in said movements, will be discussed. In closing comparisons will be made regarding how the aforementioned concepts apply the Arab Spring. Bulldozer Revolution- How Serbian’s Brought Down a Dictator: The film "Bringing

Title: Critically assess the concepts used by Emile Durkheim in his analysis of the social changes caused by rapid industrialization and modernization.

2098 words - 8 pages society.With a successfully established base for the analysis on society, Durkheim goes on to argue that the existence of the society depends on the cohesion of its members. In his 'The Division of Labour in Society' (1893), he used 'Social solidarity' to describe such kind of social cohesion. He believes the 'collective conscience', comprised by series of shared values, beliefs, and moral principles, is essential to maintain the social

Article Analysis: ECHOES Fostering Social Communication in Children with Autism

2021 words - 8 pages ECHOES: An intelligent serious game for fostering social communication in children with autism. Information Sciences 264, 41-60. Introduction The article that I selected was ‘ECHOES: An intelligent serious game for fostering social communication in children with autism’ by Sara Bernardini, Kaska Porayska-Pomsta and Tim Smith, Information Sciences journal. The stated purpose of the article is to present the design and implementation of

You are a researcher working on data from the EPICA ice core as described in epica.csv. You are required to write a short report that presents an analysis of the temporal trends, statistical...

659 words - 3 pages (ppb) from 50022 years before 1950 to 129 years before 1950. Data is collected from EPICA Dome C Ice Core, Antarctica.In figure 3, the time series starts off sturdily and begins to rise from 50022B.P. until reaching the peak at 700(ppb) in 25123B.P., then it shows a sharp drop in the trend until showing a long tail from 15070 B.P. / n7187/full/nature06763

An analysis of the representation of social classes and wealth in Jamie Johnson's Documentary "The One Percent"

908 words - 4 pages America’s wealth and he happens to be one of them. Being heir to the Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical fortune, Jamie can’t complain about being part of the bottom but he exposes how those that are on top, including himself and his family, are and will only keep getting richer. This documentary contains different panelist from different backgrounds and professions, providing an attempted in depth look at this social problematic.Even

Explain why is it important to analyse deviance in society. Using examples to illustrate your answer, discuss what such an analysis can tell us about the social and political implications of deviance.

1372 words - 5 pages The expression, deviance draws reference to frown upon behaviour in a social context; the breach of various concerted norm that generally exist in a community or in society (Newman 2004). Some types of deviance are determined by criminal law, others by social standards, morality, the expectations of certain social groups, the welfare system or the medical vocation (Roach-anleu 2003).It is subjective to classify what is regarded as deviant since

IT Consulting

2531 words - 10 pages wireless communications and they are interested in network flexibility indicating a greater need for bandwidth enhancements. The article goes on to state,"According to IBM, the company is helping governments innovate in several areas, including: Improving the delivery of and accountability for government social service program, increasing government efficiency and effectiveness and enhancing security, so that governments can collaborate to prepare

Corporate and Business Strategy: Federal Express Corporation.

959 words - 4 pages other three trends and is a vital growth engine for businesses today. It makes low-cost information available to anyone with Internet access, regardless of time or space.3.1.5 Effect on BusinessThe main problem with these external PEST factors is that they are continuously changing. So PEST analysis should include a thorough analysis of what is affecting the organisation now, and what is likely to affect it in the future.

Music industry analysis

552 words - 2 pages analysis on world and region wide trends in cultural industries. Other tools will provide perspectives for public policy makers that might not otherwise have been taken into account (a paper for instance comparing public policy measures in Europe and their market effect). The first in this series of tools is a set of analyses on current trends in the music industry. A main paper analysing the state of the global market for music is complemented by

Study on the RBF neural network approach to quick cost estimate of construction projects

5512 words - 22 pages stock in market, predicting weather, and identifying people with cancer risk.2.2 Why Use Neural NetworksAccording to Haykin (1999), neural networks, with their remarkable ability to derive meaning from complicated or imprecise data, can be used to extract patterns and detect trends that are too complex to be noticed by either humans or other computer techniques. A trained neural network can be thought of as an "expert" in the category of

Similar Essays

Movie Analysis: The Social Network

1627 words - 7 pages One of the most popular social networking websites today is none other than Facebook. People use Facebook in order to stay connected with their friends, family and the people around them, to discover what’s going in the world, in addition to share and express what matters to them. The Social Network is a film on how Facebook was created. There was a series of events, character development, relationships and a series of different emotions that

Communication Networks: Communication Structure Of Social Network Analysis (Sna)

2096 words - 8 pages , explored within this text is the act of collaboration. A reoccurring element of a desire to take a collaborative approach to social involvement within relationships became evident from this sampling of research. Research conducted for this explication came from a host of authors ranging from theory based works to recent studies. Authors discussed within this paper share many of the same conclusions that Social Network Analysis is being studied in

Trends In Consumption Patterns – Article Analysis

1027 words - 4 pages equivalent basis" (para. 2). This paper will investigate the basis for these trends in consumption patterns, to include the utility derived from meat, changes in demand, market prices and the elasticity of demand for meat. The paper will also define economics, the law of supply and demand, and discuss factors that lead to a change in supply and demand.Economics is defined by Merriam-Webster Online as "a social science concerned chiefly with

Network Theory Of Internalization And Social Capital In Internalization

964 words - 4 pages the translation of contracts for the decrease cost , institutional theory that seeks social legitimacy of the organization and the theory of resource dependency that determines the dependence on external resources affecting the permanence of the enterprise network. Thus, the author finds greater scientific basis of analysis in economic theory and transaction costs theory of resource dependency . Yoguel , G. (2000 ) determined that enterprise