Trento and Vicenza
?The city of Trento (population 101,000) is located in the province of Trento.? The provinces of Trento and Bolzano come together form Trentino-Alto Adige.? Trentino-Alto Adige is the mountain territory of the upper Adige Valley and South Tyrol.? It is within this region that the majority of the Italian Mountains are found.? The area is known for its great scenic beauty.? The City of Trento sits in the valley of the River Adige and lies in the shadow of Monte Bondone.? Monte Bondone is known for its beautiful alpine flora.? Many herbs are collected from the Monte and are used for medicinal proposes throughout the country.? Lago di Toblino is located 16km west of the city.? Lago di Toblino is a beautiful lake that is overlooked by a medieval castle.? There are numerous summer and winter resort areas.? It is very easy the see that there is natural beauty in Trento, but that is not all Trento is known for.? Trento is rich in history as well.
?In its origins there are traces of Celtic influence in Trento but during the 1st century Romans had complete control of the town politically and culturally.? During the Middle Ages Trento found its significance in the fact that it was the geographical link between Germany and Italy.? Trento was an episcopal fief from 1027 until 1802 due initially to an invasion by the Goths, Lombards and Franks.? In the 16th century the city gained prominence under the direction of Bishop Bernardo Clesio and Bishop Cristoforo Madruzzo.? While Bishop Madruzzo was presiding Trento served as the meeting place for the Council of Trent.?
?The council of Trent took place between 1545 and 1563.? It marks one of the most significant turning points in the Catholic Church.? The Council was formed in response to the Protestant Reformation led by Martian Luther.? The council sought to reaffirm the beliefs, practices, and traditions held by the Catholic Church.? The council was a key part of the Counter Reformation.? The council lead to widespread religious renewal and reform.?
?Within the city there are numerous historical cites.? The monumental center of the city is the Piazza del Duomo.? It is a beautiful square with an 18th century Neptune fountain. ?On the south end of the square stands the Cathedral of San Vigilio.? The Cathedral is a Romanesque-Gothic building from the 12th and 13th century faced totally of marble.? Within the building is a large 16th century wooden crucifix before which the decrees of the Council of Trent were promulgated.? Underneath the church there are some mosaic pavement remains and sculptural fragments dating back to the 6th century.?
?The former bishop?s palace is now a museum - The Museo Diocesano.? Visitors can see paintings, sculptures and valuable objects from the cathedral treasury that date back to the 13th century.? A beautiful church to see is the Santa Maria Maggiore.? The church was open in the time of the Council of Trent and several of the sessions were held...