Trials To Reflect Upon Essay

823 words - 4 pages

The English idiom, “Never judge a book by its cover,” is used quite a lot. What exactly does it mean though? It means people should not base assumptions upon a subject just from taking a glance at it. This saying expresses well how the trials reflect the characters of Odysseus and Penelope. The way that The Odyssey portrayed how both these characters faced the hardships that plagued them showed that Odysseus is a person who is insightful and cunning and is not one to forget who matters to him easily while Penelope is a trusting queen who believes in Odysseus and is strong mentally in particular.
The reason Odysseus is shown as an insightful and cunning person is because of two instances. One being during the Trojan war, he devised a clever plan to trick the Trojans into believing the Greeks had surrendered by constructing a gigantic Trojan horse. What was so clever about this was that Odysseus and his men hid inside the supposed gift and when night fell and everyone within Troy was asleep, Odysseus and his men came out of the horse, attacked from within and conquered Troy. The surprise attack is what really helped. The second incident that reflects how Odysseus is as a character is after the Trojan War is over, Odysseus is made to suffer due to arrogance by Poseidon, the God of the sea, and winds up on the island of Cyclopes. Once there though, his crew and him are trapped within Polyphemus’s cave, a son of Poseidon. However, Odysseus finds a way to escape the cave by getting Polyphemus drunk, stabbing him in the eye to blind him, and giving him a fake name so when he calls for help, no one will respond. This shows hows Odysseus is cunning because instead of being rash and killing Polyphemus straight up when he sleeps, he plans out how to get out of the cave first.
The reasons that show Odysseus as someone who holds people dear to him are when he encounters Circe and Calypso. When Odysseus faces Circe, he surprises her by doing what Hermes, the messenger of the Gods, tells him to do which is eat a root which will not let the effects of the witch’s potion transform him into an animal, and because of that stays on her island being pampered for not four days, but four years. This is due to the fact that time slips by...

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