Trotsky’s Contribution To The Success Of The Bolsheviks Up To 1922

1258 words - 5 pages

Trotsky’s Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks Up to 1922

The relatively brief period between approximately 1917 and 1922 was an
extremely strenuous, yet glorious and successful time for the
Bolshevik Party. With the great help of his right hand man Trotsky,
the party leader, Lenin was soon able to deflect support from the
current provisional government, and turn heads towards the far more
organised and dedicated Bolsheviks. Despite having once been a
Menshevik, Trotsky was soon converted to a loyal and dedicated
Bolshevik through the greatly influential persuasive power of Lenin,
who convinced Trotsky that the time was right for Revolution. Come
June 1917, Trotsky was already considered Lenin’s right-man, and as a
matter of fact, Lenin himself even said that he believed Trotsky to be
the only person able to sae the revolution. There are a variety of
ways in which Trotsky contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks up
to 1922.

Trotsky made great use of his outstanding ability in leadership in
order to help the Bolsheviks succeed. He was very intelligent, good at
public speaking and very persistent. Where Trotsky had holes and
weaknesses in his qualities, they were filled by Lenin, who was very
strong intellectually, and as a result they formed an excellent,
persuasive and effective pair of leaders, achieving results such as
winning the October revolution in 1919.

During the years around 1917, Lenin was extremely busy battling with
the current provisional government for power. In order to do this, he
was required to promote the main Bolshevik policies, ‘peace land and
Bread’. This was a series of promises in which the Bolsheviks were
then faced with the reality of delivering once they had achieved
power. Trotsky was given the main role of achieving peace, which he
did initially with reasonable success. In March 1918, the Treaty of
Brest-Litovsk was signed with Germany, however Russia suffered huge
costs, losing one third of its agricultural land, many railways, and a
majority of the coalmines. Despite this, Trotsky had done what had
been required of him and achieved peace, keeping the Bolsheviks
momentarily safe.

Meanwhile, Trotsky had been allocated to, and was developing his main
contribution to the Bolsheviks success, the Red Army. Under his
command, all men aged 18 – 40 were conscripted, and sent to prison
camps on refusal. This army, which Trotsky was extremely dedicated to
organising, also required officers to lead the men. The solution to
this problem was to find former officers of the Tsars army, and send
anyone resisting subscription to prison camps. Through this system,
Trotsky was left 20 000 officers to command the army of 300 000 men.

However, by the end of World War 1, the Bolsheviks were once again
faced with major opposition. This time, their...

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