Truman And World War Ii Essay

1058 words - 5 pages

Truman was born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri. Truman was a member of the National Guard. In 1917, his unit was called up into regular service during World War I. He served from August 1917 until May 1919. He was made a commander of a Field Artillery unit in France. In 1944, Truman became nominated for vice president against Henry Wallace, a very unpopular candidate for vice president to Franklin D. Roosevelt. On January 20, 1945, Truman was sworn in as Vice President of the United States. Sadly, his vice presidency only lasted for just 82 days before Roosevelt suffered a massive stroke. On April 12, 1945, Truman was brought up to govern the world, and to somehow end World War II.

Despite not having any prior experience with foreign policy, Truman had managed to end the war in the first six months of his term. The first example of Truman’s contribution to the war was in 1941, while he was Senator of Missouri. Truman created the Senate Special Committee To Investigate The National Defense Program, or as it’s commonly referred to as, the Truman Committee. This saved the government $15 billion dollars, exposed corruption in the defense industry, shed light on shortages of rubber, aluminum, and other strategic war materials, called manufacturers to account for bad work, prodded labor leaders to discourage strikes, and streamlined federal contract practices. The panel staged 732 hearings on a wide range of subjects—steelmaking, shipping losses, housing construction, labor shortages, camp construction, etc. They also produced 51 committee reports, each one unanimously approved by Democrats and Republicans on the panel. Truman's skillful handling of the panel, which managed to be critical of the Roosevelt administration without being malicious, influenced Roosevelt’s decision to choose Truman as a running mate in 1944. In 1948, the Senate gave the panel a new name—the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, with authority to continue probing for inefficiency, mismanagement, and corruption in the government.

During his presidency, Truman managed to end the war the first six months of his term despite the fact that he had no prior experience in foreign policy. In May of 1945, Truman announces Germany’s surrender, calling on the people of the United States to join Truman in what he refers to as “a day of prayer”. He also did what is to be considered one of the most controversial things in the 20th century
and that is the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Aug. 6 and 9, 1945, ending WWII. —An estimated 70,000 to 80,000 people at Hiroshima and up to 75,000 at Nagasaki
were wounded and thousands died of radiation poisoning in later years. According to Truman supporters, many more Japanese soldiers and civilians as well as Allied troops would have died if the atomic bombs weren’t dropped. Nevertheless, this is what ultimately ends World War II.

In addition, Truman signed the United Nations charter, which allowed...

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