Truman's Domestic Policy
Harry Truman wanted to follow in the footsteps of Franklin Delano Roosevelt when Truman took office in 1945. First, Truman attempted reconversion, the social and economic transition from wartime to peacetime. However, he appeared ill-prepared for the presidency.
2.) What was the Taft-Hartley Act?
The Taft-Hartley Act was passed in 1947 which allowed the president to declare a eighty day cooling off period when strikes hit industries that directly affected the national interest. During this period, the strikers had to return to work while the government studies the heated situation.
3.) What was the Truman Fair Deal?
The Truman Fair Deal basically extended Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, introducing a twenty one point program to promote full employment, higher minimum wage, and a variety of several other items.
4.) Compare and contrast the election of 1948 to 2000.
The election of 2000 was strikingly similar to the election of 1948. In 1948, the experts and almost all polls picked New York governor Thomas Dewey to defeat Truman; however, Truman scored an upset victory. Also, like the 2000 election, the media jumped the gun and declared
Dewey the winner before the votes were tallied.
5.) How was Dwight D. Eisenhower approach different from his predecessors and what did that earn him?
Eisenhower's approach to politics differed quite a bit from the "scrappy fighter" Truman. The former commander-in-chief of the Allied forces was a talented diplomat and along with the charismatic running mate Richard Nixon swept into the White House in the election of 1952.
6.) What was the National Defense Education Act?
The National Defense Education Act was passed by Congress and signed by
Eisenhower in 1958 and was designed to improve science and mathematics instruction in America's schools.
7.) What was Truman's stand on civil rights?
Truman was a public supporter of civil rights and had meetings with African Americans to discuss the steps needed to establish a permanent civil rights commission.
8.) Who was Jackie Robinson and what were his accomplishments?
Jackie Robinson has been called the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in 1947. Two years later, he was named the league's most valuable player. However, his biggest accomplishment was paving the way for more African Americans to follow him into professional sports.
9.) What was Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas?
Decided on May 17, 1954, The Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a historic ruling that determined that "separate but equal" doctrine was no longer permissable in public education and that "separate facilites are inherently unequal".
10.) What were the issues surrounding the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
The bus boycott stemmed from a December 1955 incident where Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man. The bus boycott called...