This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Truth In Sentencing Policies And The Effects On Courts And Prisons

1637 words - 7 pages

Society has high expectations for criminal justice. Controlling the behavior of people is a difficult task, and there are several differing opinions on how this should happen. Many believe this can best accomplished by prevention through deterrence. Deterrence can be achieved from increased police patrols, good relationships with the community, and through tough penalties for convicted criminals. When deterrence fails, criminals need to be identified and held accountable for their actions. Law enforcement enforces many different crimes; some of the most serious crimes are violent crimes.
According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, violent crime is defined by four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (FBI, 2007). Defeating the threat of violent offenders is important to the safety of society. Many can agree safety is important; however holding offenders accountable varies from state to state. Traditionally, there has been disparity among sentencing violent offenders. One way to reduce this disparity is to have uniform guidance to help judges determine the appropriate sentences a violent offender should receive. Many have argued against the perceived truth in sentences, when violators are being released without serving the majority of their sentences.
TRUTH IN SENTENCING
Each state is responsible for controlling crime. One area many states wanted to focus their efforts to combat crime was against violent offenders. In the 1980s, States enacted tougher punishments for violent offenders in efforts to lessen the disparity among sentences. These efforts included mandatory minimum sentences and Truth-in-sentencing. In 1994, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act was passed. This crime act included an incentive formula grant program to build or expand correctional facilities and jails (Office of Justice Programs, 2010).
According to Brian J. Ostrom, Truth in sentencing is the most prominent sentencing reform movement of the 1990s (2001). Truth in sentencing was designed to closely align the sentence imposed by the judge with the actual amount of time served in prison by restricting or eliminating parole eligibility and good time. This violent offender incarceration and truth in sentencing initiative was amended in 1996 to promote reform by providing States grants to expand their prison capacity if they included truth in sentencing requirements to violent offenders (Rosich, 2005). This grant program was instrumental in many states adopting the truth in sentencing guidelines into their policies. To be eligible for grants, each state had to demonstrate they applied truth in sentencing laws, within three years truth in sentencing laws would be implemented. By 1999, 41 states and the District of Columbia passed laws or implemented some form of truth in sentencing; however each state varied in their applications.
TRUTH IN SENTENCING EFFECT IN COURT...

Find Another Essay On Truth In Sentencing Policies and the Effects on Courts and Prisons

Truth-in-sentencing Essay

2123 words - 9 pages facilities in order to ensure that prison cell space was available for the confinement of offenders. There were federal efforts to motivate prisons to increase their incarceration to earn the federally funded grant through two programs called The Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth-in-sentencing (TIS). To receive VOI funding, States needed to give assurance that it will implement policies that guaranteed that violent offences serve the

Offer and Acceptance in the Courts

1908 words - 8 pages Offer and Acceptance in the Courts In dealing with problems of offer and acceptance, the Courts have taken a strict approach, stating that there must be clear offer and acceptance in order to create a binding contract. As such, offers must be clear on their terms and capable of acceptance and can only be accepted on terms that mirror the offer, as established in the case of Gibson v ManchesterCityCouncil (1979) [1

Dominican Republic's Policies and its effects on its globalization

1710 words - 7 pages how said globalization affects policies. There have been many decisions that have taken place in the country because of the effects that globalization has had on the country. These decisions may also lead to policies within a country which would promote economic and political growth in what is believed to be the most beneficial way. The implementation of recent policies, including ones which established or re-established relationships with other

The Jury and Its Role in the Courts of Trial

2023 words - 8 pages The jury plays a crucial role in the courts of trial. They are an integral part in the Australian justice system. The jury system brings ordinary people into the courts everyday to judge whether a case is guilty or innocent. The role of the jury varies, depending on the different cases. In Australia, the court is ran by an adversary system. In this system “..individual litigants play a central part, initiating court action and largely

Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

1414 words - 6 pages than 5% of the global population. The United States has had the highest incarceration rate per capita in the world since 2002, 39.4% of which are blacks, 20.6% of which are Latino, nearly 72,000 of which are youth, and 27% of which are non-citizens. As statistics in crime continue to rise, prisons become overwhelmed with overcrowding, and the unsuccessful decrease of illegal narcotics across the nation under the War on Drugs, many have longed

The Overcrowding, Gangs and Substance Abuse in Prisons

1139 words - 5 pages The overcrowding issues in prisons, the gangs in prisons and the illegal drugs and substances. In this assignment, I will be discussing respectively in order on these three issues and what can be done to correct it. In additions, I will be discussing about what I would do to rectify these issues if I were in charge, I will be using my own ideas along with the researches from credible sources to support my ideas. First, I would like to discuss

The Effects of Stalin's Economic and Social Policies

2989 words - 12 pages The Effects of Stalin's Economic and Social Policies One of Russia's most prominent political leaders of all time, was a man named Joseph Dzhugashvili. A man, who at one time was being trained to become a priest, and would one day become a major revolutionary in the history of the USSR. The name that Stalin went by was not his given name, but one meaning "man of steel," that he made up. Stalin's rule is one of history's

The Effects of the Common Experience Payment versus the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on First Nations Identity and Wellbeing

3005 words - 13 pages Aboriginal youth in residential schools. However, the nature of the agreement was intended to be holistic and address numerous levels of trauma and loss, but in reality these efforts have fallen short. In particular, upon discovering how Aboriginal survivors engaged in the process have responded leaves the effects on Aboriginal identity and wellbeing up for debate. Previously established in 2007 to assist in healing with the Aboriginal schools was the

The Sentencing Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg

2325 words - 10 pages On June 19, 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were put to death by electrocution at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. The Rosenbergs were tried and convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage (Fariello 178). The Rosenbergs were accused of selling atomic secrets to the Soviet Union as a part of a large spy ring. The presiding judge over the trial, Judge Irving R. Kaufman, handed down the sentence on April 5, 1951 (Wexley 597). There has been

The Sentencing of Butch and Willie Bosket

2687 words - 11 pages focused on the effects of frustration-an unpleasant psychological state resulting from the failure to satisfy some need or desire-on aggressive behavior. They proposed that frustration and aggression are inextricably connected. In what became famous as the “frustration-aggression hypothesis,” they argued that frustration always causes some form of aggression, and that aggression is always preceded by frustration. Thus, anything that interferes with

Monetary Policies in the US and Japan

2222 words - 9 pages This paper presents comparative analysis of Japanese and the US monetary policies during the recession in 1990s and focuses on transmission mechanisms used by central banks in conducting policy. In spite of some differences, two central banks employed the same instruments and were similar in their operating procedures. The implementation of monetary policy in the U.S was successful which led to increase in real GDP growth, decrease in

Similar Essays

America’s Prisons And Their Effects On Society

2066 words - 8 pages that the inmates turn out a product that the camp can sell. The profits from the products pay for the operating of the camp and if they are run efficiently enough the camps can contribute money to the state. Today’s prisons are not perfect but they still serve their social purpose which is keeping the public safe. The most dangerous people on earth are behind bars where they can’t hurt any more innocent people. In fact, the physical presence of a

Research On School Policies And Its Conne Ction To The Juvenil Courts

637 words - 3 pages The article reviewed serves as a compliment to the research on school policies and its connection to the juvenile court, and how the school-to-prison pipeline has been created. The research article is “Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies and the School to Prison Pipeline”. The theme focuses on the flourishing trend in public schools across America that criminalizes students’ minor disciplinary issues as a part of the emerging

The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases

1311 words - 6 pages The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment CasesThroughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system,particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynchedfor the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type ofdue process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation butit is

The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases

1185 words - 5 pages Columbus is not alone: "A 1990 report prepared by the government's General Accounting Office found 'a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing and imposition of the death penalty."In an article by Seligman (1994), Professor Joseph Katz of Georgia State "and other scholars have made a separate point about bias claims based on the 'devalued lives' of murder victims." Seligman also asserts that those claiming bias