Tsarism Collapsed Primarily As A Consequence Of Russia’s Involvement In Wwi”

1252 words - 5 pages

Tsarism collapsed primarily as a consequence of Russia's involvement in WWI" To what extent do you agree?In a 1905 essay, Lenin dismantled the well-established Russian doctrine of "Oneness of the Tsar and the People, and of the People and the Tsar" . He may have then re-configured it under equally partisan Marxist class terms, but he had addressed a menacing development in Russian society: the alienation of the Tsar from his people. This was caused by the Tsar's refusal to adapt to a rapidly changing Russian Empire, thus creating serious social and political grievances. World War One exacerbated these grievances to the point at which they overpowered all loyalty to the Tsar and destroyed the monarchy. There is a question as to whether the war destroyed Tsarism or merely accelerated its destruction. This debate hinges on the situation immediately before war was declared. Some historians, such as Steve Smith , argue that the war was the primary reason for the Tsar's downfall. They reason, with an optimist's perspective, that by 1914 Russia was beginning a slow process of Westernisation, bringing it greater stability and protecting the monarchy. On the other hand more pessimistic historians, such as Steve Wright , believe that movements ignored by the Tsar had already ensured his fall from power, that the war was merely a catalyst or even, some argue, delayed Tsarism's inevitable collapse. On the optimist's side, there were signs that Russia was slowly becoming more stable before the war ruined all the progress made. The economy was one of the fastest growing in Europe, with an annual growth rate of 6%; Russia would have looked forward to a robust industrial economy in less than a decade. Consequently, employment and living standards would have improved. This would have placated political opposition, reduced the number of strikes and strengthened the security of the monarchy. Thus, Tsarism had a good chance of survival if the industrial boom continued. The war, however, checked any possibility of this as the economy heaved and inflation rose. Living standards deteriorated as food and fuel, used up by the army, came into short supply. Add to this the grief incurred, especially among the conscripted peasant population, by 4 million military deaths in the first year of war, and no wonder opposition to the Tsar climaxed. Optimists would therefore argue that the war was the primary reason for the downfall of Tsarism, as it reversed the process which could have saved it. However, the stability of Russia in 1914 must not be overestimated, and the war did not create the issues which were to overcome the monarchy. The economy was growing, but was not on par with the other great European nations such as Britain, France and Germany. Living conditions were still poor. The rapid industrial growth caused problems as it enlarged the working class and drew labourers from the countryside, putting strain on antiquated urban infrastructure and overstretching farmers....

Find Another Essay On Tsarism collapsed primarily as a consequence of Russia’s involvement in WWI”

The Fall of Tsarism in Russia

4077 words - 16 pages the nation granted people basic civil rights such as freedom of conscience, speech, assembly and association. This is a good example that Russia was beginning to modernize. The second grant was participation in the Duma for all classes of the population that were then denied the right to vote. This indicates that Russia was becoming a fully democratic country, thus confirming the ideas of Kokovstov, "Tsarism can

Migration as a Cause and Consequence of Conflict

1200 words - 5 pages died as consequence of exploitation and disease, it is estimated that the congolese population was reduced by half during this time period(Frage, John 748). In 1965, Joseph-Desiré Mobutu president, by building up his own network that later brought him to the highest political position of the former Zaire. Before becoming president Mobutu first served in the army and then became a full-time journalist. Through his connections with Lumumba, who was

Consequence Of Political, Social, Economic Impacts Of WWI

464 words - 2 pages nation instead.Moreover, the League of Nations was set up in Geneva in 1920. It was to help settle international disputes in the future as the world had suffered such a great scale of war.For the social effects, the state of women was risen up and class distinction was reduced because of the WWI. As most of the men were fighting in the war at that time, the women had to take up the men's jobs. They played an active role in supporting the country

Isolation As Consequence Of Sin

670 words - 3 pages Isolation As a consequence of Sin Nathaniel Hawthorne's book, The Scarlet Letter, demonstrates people's tendency to seclude themselves from society instead of being participating members. He develops the concept that isolation is a result of the consequences of sin. The reader sees Arthur Dimmesdale, Hester and Pearl Prynne taking refuge from society in either the forest, the prison or their homes. Hester Prynne's cottage is

Evaluate demands on changes in managing people across international borders as a consequence of changing workplace environments

793 words - 4 pages : According to Batt (2000) if the new manager know that one of the employee is good on communication and serving a customer so that the manager will put he or she in front the counter to serve the customer because he or she know how to give a good and service to the customer. If the staff keep giving good and service to the customer then the company will more trusted on he or she. The manager also needs to meet them twice a month or meeting to keep

Growth of Canada as a Nation during WWI

1142 words - 5 pages declared war on Germany but the Canadians fought under the ruling of a Britain commander. The achievements of Canadian military during the First World War came during the Somme, Vimy Ridge, and Passchendaele battles and what later became known as "Canada's Hundred Days". They help fight for the freedom and peace for the small village of Passchendaele and however as it was a muddy hell, they still persevered through and help conquered there freedom in

Assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation in Australian Industrial Relations system of December, 2005

1988 words - 8 pages Topic: "Assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation of December, 2005. Also investigate the need for caution on the part of such practitioners in implementing the provisions of this new legislation."The purpose of preparing this essay is to assess the changed role of human resource practitioners as a consequence of the introduction of the Work Choices legislation in

Is "Hamlet" primarily a tragedy of revenge

1000 words - 4 pages fake). The progression of Hamlet is quite astonishing he begins as a young prince with the world in his hand, to a lunatic who becomes obsessed with revenging his fathers death. The revenge theme is acted upon throughout the novel and is essentially what drives Hamlet. He believes that Claudius has killed his father (we later find out this is true), this begins his investigating. We can be easily fooled by Hamlets insanity but there is

Not All is Uncertain as a Consequence of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle

746 words - 3 pages at once. While Heisenberg devised the Uncertainty Principle with regard to sub-atomic particles, the uncertainty in measuring parameters on macro-scale objects is also present. As a simple illustration of this point, consider a series of ocean waves that rise and fall at constant intervals. Each wave has a position and is a certain distance from the wave behind it. We can accurately measure the position of one of these waves by treating it like a

Mussolini's Rise to Power as a Direct Consequence of World War One

1029 words - 4 pages Mussolini's Rise to Power as a Direct Consequence of World War One Italians were divided on their decision of whether or not join WW1. Most Nationalists were in favour of joining, and although the King wished for peace, the government decided to see which side would offer the best terms. After signing The Treaty Of London with B and F which offered them huge territorial gains they eventually declared war on Austria in

HOW THE POWERFUL MAYAN CIVILIZATION COLLAPSED & HOW THE SAME WILL HAPPEN TO NEW JERSEY IN THE CASE OF A DRAUGHT. for a cultureal anthropology class: research paper

1142 words - 5 pages gradually?SOME REASONS FOR THE COLLAPSEThe normal pattern of history shows one civilization succeeding another, either rapidly or gradually. When a large state-level society falls, the population size and density decrease dramatically. Society tends to become less politically centralized. Less investment is made in elements such as architecture, art, and literature. Trade and other economic activities are greatly diminished, and the flow of

Similar Essays

Has Humanitarian Space Collapsed As A Consequence Of The Global War On Terror?

2051 words - 9 pages has been argued that keeping humanitarian space is still not easy to achieve. Especially in the situation of civil war, number of humanitarian aid workers lost life incidentally. Indeed many analytic researches show the evidence that humanitarian space is not declining in total. Contrary some literature highlights that a humanitarian space in particular situation such as conflict must be reduced. Especially countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq

Australia's Involvement In Wwi Essay

3102 words - 12 pages way the Australian troops were not split up among the British units in such a way to lose their Australian identity. Nevertheless, the Australian officers were under British control and the Australian troops were directed by the British. They could not act independently as a force in their own right. By October 1914, the first Australian Imperial Force of twenty thousand had been raised and, after a few weeks training, were ready to sail. The army

U.S. Involvement In Wwi Essay

2054 words - 9 pages . The main idea behind the abandonment of U.S. neutrality was mainly for democracy. “The world must be made safe for democracy” (5). Woodrow Wilson was an advocate for democracy and world peace. There was no selfish need to fulfill by fighting, America had nothing to gain. They had no interest in conquering land. The main goal was to secure democracy as if it was a faith around the globe. Document # 4 U.S. Government Official 1. The official felt

Corruption As A Consequence Of Colonialism As Portrayed In Achebe’s The African Trilogy

978 words - 4 pages Corruption as a Consequence of Colonialism - as portrayed in Achebe’s The African Trilogy All quotations are taken from the 1988 Picador edition of Chinua Achebe’s The African Trilogy " He has put a knife on all the things that held us together and we have fallen apart" (Things Fall Apart, 145) The things that held the Igbo tribe together were their close bonds of clan kinship, unified allegiance to their gods, and their democratic