· Introducing something implied or assumed - “The fight to restore White America begins now,” their agenda read.
· Introducing an ongoing debate - The country had elected its first black president just a few days earlier, and now in November 2008, dozens of the world’s most prominent racists wanted to strategize for the years ahead.
· Keeping what others say in view - When another student mentioned that he had been reading about the racist implications of “Lord of the Rings” on a website called Stormfront, Derek pretended he had never heard of it.
· Putting yourself in another person’s shoes
· Introducing summaries and quotations
· Quoting relevant passages
· Framing quotations
· Blending someone else’s words with your own
· Disagreeing and explaining why - They sent him links to studies showing that racial disparities in IQ could largely be explained by extenuating factors like prenatal nutrition and educational opportunities. They gave him scientific papers about the effects of discrimination on blood pressure, job performance and mental health..
· Agreeing – but with a difference - “Everything I said (on the forum) is true,” he wrote. “I also believe in White Nationalism. My post and my racial ideology are not mutually exclusive concepts.”
· Agreeing and disagreeing simultaneously
· Signaling who is saying what in your writing - The room was filled in part by former heads of the Ku Klux Klan and prominent neo-Nazis, but one of the keynote speeches had been reserved for a Florida community college student who had just turned 19
· Anticipating objections - “If anyone is going to be influenced here, it will be them,” he said. “Soon enough, the whole faculty and student body are going to know who they have in their midst.”