Phase 3: Educational diagnosis:
The Latino/Hispanic population in California usually consisting of immigrants that lack basic education, have poor living conditions and live in communities that that do not provide adequate
sanitation and airspace consequently leading to more people exposed to tuberculosis. Also
frequent bilateral border crossings and movement within the United States contribute to delays in TB diagnosis and impede treatment completion (Mark N. Lobato, January 19, 2001 ).
Moreover disproportions exist in patients seeking medical care unless their condition worsens. Many Hispanics find their health care in non-clinical care, relying traditional and folk medicine; rather, herbal remedies are adopted along with Western medical care. There are likely many possible reasons for this, including poverty and lack of health insurance, and thus at best irregular access to health care; cultural factors that might cause patients to delay seeing a doctor, for example, the expectation that one should tolerate pain without complaint (Peterson-Iyer, july 2008).
Limited English proficiency of this population also serves as a hindrance .
Generally Hispanic cultures include a more family-centered decision making model. Many Latino cultures consider as paramount the individual's obligation to the family and to the rest of the community. Hence, the individual's good cannot be separated from the community.
Moreover, the family plays an important role in supporting and empowering the patient within the medical setting. And also issue a lot of support during treatment and care. Additionally, within this family-centric decision making structure, there may be particular gender-based roles too. For instance, Latino mothers may determine when medical care is warranted for a family member, though a male head of household may formally make the decision to send the family member to a medical center.
Majority of the Hispanic community consisting of immigrants but they rarely have access to occupational rehabilitation or disability benefits, many immigrants are eligible for Medicaid, food stamps, and the Women, Infants, and Children Program (WIC) if they live in one area long enough to secure these benefits. However, many who paid into Social Security are unable to prove their claim for benefits because of their immigration status (Lora L. Wyss, November 16, 2006) hence people...