Tunisia: A New Beginning...Or Merely A New Leader?

1472 words - 6 pages

The Tunisian uprising of January 2011 started a chain reaction of collective political violence that ignited the Arab world. Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa, it was commonly known as the most European country of North Africa, with a relatively large middle class and luxurious Mediterranean beaches. Tunisia was dominated by the authoritarian government of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali for twenty-three years preceding his exile to Saudi Arabia on January 14, 2011. The civilians of Tunisia tolerated Ben Ali’s authoritarian regime which suppressed them economically, socially, and politically. Tunisians believed that the Jasmine Revolution would lead the nation to a new beginning, encompassed with a government that would grant the civil liberties that were previously deprived. Presently, the future of Tunisia remains uncertain. To foretell whether the historical uprising will lead to a new beginning or merely a new leader many aspects of the country must be studied, such as, the history of Tunisia, the factors that initiated the protests, and the developments that have taken place since the revolution.
First, the history of Tunisia must be reviewed to fully understand the present state of the nation. Taoufik Djebali notes, “For historical and geographical reasons, Tunisia seems to be the most ethnically homogenous country of the Maghreb.” (Djebali, 2005:152) The majority of modern Tunisians are considered Arab-Berber, and speak Tunisian Arabic. In 1987, Ben Ali became the second president of Tunisia, he procured the position by a constitutional coup against eighty-four year old Habib Bourguiba. Ironically, Ben Ali’s coup was intended to lead to a more democratic nation. Larbi Sadiki noted, “It can be said that many of Ben Ali’s promises to democratize Tunisia remain unfulfilled.” (Sadiki, 2002:58) Ben Ali’s regime distributed propaganda to its citizens and the rest of the world by controlling and silencing the media. This led many to believe that he was the reason for the prosperity of Tunisia in the 1990s. According to Moncez Marzouki, this is not the case, “That was a situation Ben Ali inherited. Over a period of twenty years, he transformed Tunisia into a corrupt economy whose mafia-like tendencies are there for all to see.” (Marzouki, 2011:252) The government change of 2011 appears to be more promising than the coup of 1987, as the Jasmine revolution was guided entirely by the civilians and not the military or a political leader.
Furthermore, collective political violence in the form of mass political protests started the historical uprising in Tunisia. On December 17, 2010, Tunisians were moved by the scene that unfolded within the impoverished town of Sidi Bouzid. Mohamed Bouazizi, a twenty-six year old fruit vendor, set himself on fire to protest the harassment he was undergoing from Ben Ali’s local police force. After witnessing this horrific act, Tunisians took to the streets, demanding for justice and democracy. The...

Find Another Essay On Tunisia: A New Beginning...or Merely a New Leader?

The color purple by Alice Walker Writen as a new character (Sophia) in Celie's situaion A New Beginning

974 words - 4 pages coming with you,' she says but I can tell she doesn't want to run away and leave her study to start a new life so I tell her to stay and look after everything for me. 'I'll come back for you when I have a new home for us Nettie' I promise as I pick up Adam and walk out the front door as quickly as I can manage with Adam and a suitcase slowing me down, I look around for Pa. I hug Nettie goodbye, she starts to cry but I know that I'll see her again

My Personal Goals as a College Student. Paper only relates to teen parents beginning a new college education.

683 words - 3 pages one has chosen to travel. Whether it is teenage pregnancy, former drug use, dropping out of high school or any other adverse decision, there is hope with strength and determination. I will feed my inner feeling of independence as a college graduate. Nothing is more self-gratifying than the awareness of individualism. As a young, female, American woman in the 21st century, I believe that an autonomous woman represents the core value of our

How did the election of Andrew Jackson as President mark the beginning of a new age in American political history?

1126 words - 5 pages In the following essay, based on my knowledge of history and historical data, I will prove that Andrew Jackson's election as President marked the beginning of a new age in American political history.The election of Andrew Jackson as President in 1829 marked the beginning of an era known as Jacksonian Democracy or the Age of the Common Man. The changes in politics during Jackson's presidency provided various social and economic changes.Actually

English 101 Essay on New Beginning

864 words - 3 pages all. This is the place where I felt as if I was being tested all over again. Unlike grammar school, high school was huge having more than a thousand students. I was scared in the beginning feeling that I would not fit in with my peers. Without any help from the teachers or having ESL classes, I started helping myself with the new environments and making adjustments. I made new friends and joined different clubs. I felt more comfortable afterwards

Internet: 'New' media Q. Critically examine the argument that: 'New' media are merely new systems of delivery of the same kind of content (Howells, 2003).

1651 words - 7 pages simply a small world. It has enabled global citizens to engage and access information with the touch of a key. The question is not if the Internet is mimicking old forms of communications, because the Internet allows new forms of communication and social contact. This medium allows minorities to contact other minorities or even people with alternative (non-mainstream) ideas and lifestyles to contact each other. A clear example would be the spread of

New Aspects of Leadership A significant part of effective leadership is the close connection between the leader and the follower, which often determines the success of the leader's mission.

1059 words - 4 pages New Aspects of Leadership A significant part of effective leadership is the close connection between the leader and the follower, which often determines the success of the leader's mission. Unfortunately, this leader-follower relationship cannot be created according to some simple formula. Without inspiration, involvement, and encouragement from both participants, the relationship suffers. Leaders, in particular, must give an extra effort to

Why did Trotsky not become the new leader of the Bolshevik party after Lenin's death?

3990 words - 16 pages stop Trotsky, a new and ambitious member of the party, from becoming the leader over the older members who had been dedicated to the cause for longer. Stalin was actually using Zinoviev and Kamenev to defeat Trotsky. Trotsky describes Stalin as "The most eminent mediocrity in our party." John Reed, who recorded the October revolution in his book, "Ten Days That Shook the World", described Stalin as a "grey blur, looming up now and then dimly and

Napoleon: A Leader Or Dictator.

611 words - 2 pages Napoleon: A Leader or Dictator. There are never ending inquiries on the nature of Napoleonic power. But reason can prove to one that the Age of Napoleon was infact a time of democratic rule. Through Political, Social, and Economical reforms, Napoleon Bonaparte did not only transcend France, but he changed the course of history for Europe and the World today. To begin, Napoleon proved himself a democratic leader thorough many Political

Napoleon: A Leader Or Dictator.

651 words - 3 pages Napoleon: A Leader or Dictator. There are never ending inquiries on the nature of Napoleonic power. But reason can prove to one that the Age of Napoleon was infact a time of democratic rule. Through Political, Social, and Economical reforms, Napoleon Bonaparte did not only transcend France, but he changed the course of history for Europe and the World today. To begin, Napoleon proved himself a democratic leader thorough many

Philips: A New Century, A New Round

1663 words - 7 pages consumer electronics, the proposed structure alongside additional investments in R&D should also allow Philips to explore new business opportunities. Over time, Philips should see itself as a powerful technology and innovation leader with a well-coordinated management network that shares all relevant knowledge effectively and efficiently.Along with a focus on innovation, Phillips must also realign its marketing structure. The marketing strategy

A New Chapter and a New Life

726 words - 3 pages training before hand, Todd felt ready for his next stepping stone in life to begin. Works Cited Sr. Cooper, Todd. Personal interview. 1 February 2014. Hamilton, Kathy. Personal interview. 2 February 2014. Graham, Billy. “A Time for Moral Courage.” Reader’s Digest. New York City, July 1964. Print. 2 February 2014.

Similar Essays

A New Beginning Essay

1429 words - 6 pages added. At the moment Peter could not have been happier, and before long, he witnesses the most inexplicable experience of his life. “A new beginning” He exclaimed, fill with extreme happiness “A new life beginnings” He exclaimed “He will be the new world of hope” Peter cried, holding the baby boy high up in his arms.

A New Beginning Essay

1080 words - 4 pages , there were bouquets of tulips, lilies, and roses all lining the chairs and altar. They were married on Lake Lewisville outside with all of our family present. My mother had the most stunning wedding dress that was shear on top with lace flowers and it tightened to her hips as it went down to her legs. As times passed by I began to get to be acquainted with the idea of Douglas as a father instead of a step-father. He wasn't mean or

The End Of A New Beginning

987 words - 4 pages died on the ship. They also buried the bodies in Arlington National Cemetery and some at their hometowns. A memorial with the ship’s mast was placed in Arlington National Cemetery to honor the lives lost from the explosion. Although the definite cause of the explosion still remains a mystery, the death of the members on board of the USS Maine persists to live on, marking the end of a new beginning. Works Cited Rickover, Hyman G. How

Spiritual Rebirth: A Journey Towards A New Beginning

2133 words - 9 pages sin represented his darkness and understanding represented his light. In the beginning of Dante's inferno, it becomes evident that Dante is lost and is unsure of how he got this state of naïveté. His soul was corrupted by sin and abandonment from God. This is what the "shadowed forest" indicates when he said "...I found myself in a shadowed forest, for I had lost the path that does not stray," (Cantos I, line 2-3). In line 5, he calls