Turkey Essay

1543 words - 6 pages

UNIVERSITETI POLITEKNIK I TIRANESFAKULTETI xPROGRAMI I STUDIMIT: xLËNDA:PEDAGOGU:ESE KRAHASUESETema: Zgjidhni dy vende europiane dhe krahasoi efektete e fundit të krizës ekonomike në GDP, papunësi dhe inflacion. Gjeni arsyet pse kto efekte kanë qënë kaq të ndryshme në vende të ndryshme.HYRJE:"Një rreth vicioz humbjesh, reduktimi kapitali, shtrëngim krediti, likujdimesh tëdetyruara kompanish dhe shitje aktivesh me çmime shumë të ulëta do të çojnë në një cikëlkaskadë humbjesh dhe shtrëngimi të mëtejshëm krediti"1. Nouriel Roubini, Shkurt 20081Bota është përballur me një "tërmet" të shkallës Rihter ,që tronditi me forcë ekonominë globale.Kriza ekonomike e viteve 2008-2012 preku ekonomitë të gjithë shteteve të globit duke rrezikuar të shembë në pak kohë atë që mori vite të tëra të ndërtohej. Jo cdo shtet u cënua nga kriza nga të njëjtat arsye apo hasi të njëjtat vështirësi prej saj. Spanja ishte një nga shtetet që u prek më shumë nga kriza konomike, dërsa Kina athrë kur rritja ekonomike e shumicës së shteteve nuk ekzistonte ,ishte shteti me rritjen ekonomike më të lartë. . Si i preku kriza ekonomike kto dy shtete ?ZHVILLIM:Çfarë është një krizë financiare? Një krizë financiare është një përkeqësim i mprehtë i një sërë treguesish financiarë dhe ekonomikë, si psh: rritja ekonomike, disbalancë mes ofertës dhe kërkesës për parà, rënie e çmimeve të aktiveve, që mund të shoqërohet edhe me falimentime të institucioneve financiare si: bankat, fondet e përbashkëta dhe të investimeve, por edhe falimentim të institucioneve jofinanciare2.Spanja citohej si një shembull i jashtëzakonshëm suksesi, si vend me rritje ekonomike, dukshëm mbi mesataren e eurozonës, me papunësi nën 5%, me borxh publik prej 36% në raport me PBB-në.Një nga katër bankat më të mëdha spanjolle "Bankia" i kërkoi qeverisë ndihmë, fillimisht 23.5 miliardë euro në maj të 2012-ës, duke e zbritur më vonë në shumën prej 19 miliardë eurosh, për t'u rikapitalizuar, por BE-ja nuk pranoi. Qeveria mendoi t'i shpëtonte vetë bankat . Normat e interesit për bonot e thesarit shkuan menjëherë në 6.7%, duke iu afruar kështu rrezikshëm nivelit prej 7%, që detyroi pak kohë më parë Greqinë, Irlandën dhe Portugalinë që t'i drejtoheshin për ndihmë BE-së....

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